॥ भगवद्गीता शब्दार्थ ॥

धृतराष्ट्र उवाच = King Dhritarashtra said धर्मक्षेत्रे = in the place of pilgrimage कुरुक्षेत्रे = in the place named Kuruksetra समवेताः = assembled युयुत्सवः = desiring to fight मामकाः = my party (sons) पाण्डवाः = the sons of Pandu च = and एव = certainly किं = what अकुर्वत = did they do सञ्जय = O Sanjaya. सञ्जय उवाच = Sanjaya said दृष्ट्वा = after seeing तु = but पाण्डवानीकं = the soldiers of the Pandavas व्यूढं = arranged in a military phalanx दुर्योधनः = King Duryodhana तदा = at that time आचार्यं = the teacher उपसङ्गम्य = approaching राजा = the king वचनं = word अब्रवीत् = spoke. पश्य = behold एतां = this पाण्डुपुत्राणां = of the sons of Pandu आचार्य = O teacher महतीं = great चमूं = military force व्यूढां = arranged द्रुपदपुत्रेण = by the son of Drupada तव = your शिष्येण = disciple धीमता = very intelligent. अत्र = here शूराः = heroes महेश्वासाः = mighty bowmen भीमार्जुन = to Bhima and Arjuna समाः = equal युधि = in the fight युयुधानः = Yuyudhana विराटः = Virata च = also द्रुपदः = Drupada च = also महारथः = great fighter. धृष्टकेतुः = Dhrishtaketu चेकितानः = Cekitana काशिराजः = Kasiraja च = also वीर्यवान् = very powerful पुरुजित् = Purujit कुन्तिभोजः = Kuntibhoja च = and शैब्यः = Saibya च = and नरपुङ्गवः = hero in human society. युधामन्युः = Yudhamanyu च = and विक्रान्तः = mighty उत्तमौजाः = Uttamauja च = and वीर्यवान् = very powerful सौभद्रः = the son of Subhadra द्रौपदेयाः = the sons of Draupadi च = and सर्वे = all एव = certainly महारथाः = great chariot fighters. अस्माकं = our तु = but विशिष्टाः = especially powerful ये = who तान् = them निबोध = just take note of, be informed द्विजोत्तम = O best of the brahmanas नायकाः = captains मम = my सैन्यस्य = of the soldiers संज्ञार्थं = for information तान् = them ब्रवीमि = I am speaking ते = to you. भवान् = your good self भीष्मः = Grandfather Bhishma च = also कर्णः = Karna च = and कृपः = Krpa च = and समितिञ्जयः = always victorious in battle अश्वत्थामा = Asvatthama विकर्णः = Vikarna च = as well as सौमदत्तिः = the son of Somadatta तथा = as well as एव = certainly च = also. अन्ये = others च = also बहवः = in great numbers शूराः = heroes मदर्थे = for my sake त्यक्तजीविताः = prepared to risk life नाना = many शस्त्र = weapons प्रहरणाः = equipped with सर्वे = all of them युद्धविशारदाः = experienced in military science. अपर्याप्तं = immeasurable तत् = that अस्माकं = of ours बलं = strength भीष्म = by Grandfather Bhishma अभिरक्षितं = perfectly protected पर्याप्तं = limited तु = but इदं = all this एतेषां = of the Pandavas बलं = strength भीम = by Bhima अभिरक्षितं = carefully protected. अयनेषु = in the strategic points च = also सर्वेषु = everywhere यथाभागं = as differently arranged अवस्थिताः = situated भीष्मं = unto Grandfather Bhishma एव = certainly अभिरक्षन्तु = should give support भवन्तः = you सर्व = all respectively एव हि = certainly. तस्य = his सञ्जनयन् = increasing हर्षं = cheerfulness कुरुवृद्धः = the grandsire of the Kuru dynasty (Bhishma) पितामहः = the grandfather सिंहनादं = roaring sound, like that of a lion विनद्य = vibrating उच्चैः = very loudly शङ्खं = conchshell दध्मौ = blew प्रतापवान् = the valiant. ततः = thereafter शङ्खाः = conchshells च = also भेर्यः = large drums च = and पणवानक = small drums and kettledrums गोमुखाः = horns सहसा = all of a sudden एव = certainly अभ्यहन्यन्त = were simultaneously sounded सः = that शब्दः = combined sound तुमुलः = tumultuous अभवत् = became. ततः = thereafter श्वेतैः = with white हयैः = horses युक्ते = being yoked महति = in a great स्यन्दने = chariot स्थितौ = situated माधवः = KRiShNa (the husband of the goddess of fortune) पाण्डवः = Arjuna (the son of Pandu) च = also एव = certainly दिव्यौ = transcendental शङ्खौ = conchshells प्रदध्मतुः = sounded. पाञ्चजन्यं = the conchshell named Pancajanya हृषीकेशः = Hrsikesa (KRiShNa, the Lord who directs the senses of the devotees) देवदत्तं = the conchshell named Devadatta धनञ्जयः = Dhananjaya (Arjuna, the winner of wealth) पौंड्रं = the conch named Paundra दध्मौ = blew महाशङ्खं = the terrific conchshell भीमकर्मा = one who performs herculean tasks वृकोदरः = the voracious eater (Bhima). अनन्तविजयं = the conch named Ananta-vijaya राजा = the king कुन्तीपुत्रः = the son of Kunti युधिष्ठिरः = Yudhisthira नकुलः = Nakula सहदेवः = Sahadeva च = and सुघोषमणिपुष्पकौ = the conches named Sughosa and Manipuspaka काश्यः = the King of Kasi (Varanasi) च = and परमेष्वासः = the great archer शिखण्डी = Sikhandi च = also महारथः = one who can fight alone against thousands धृष्टद्युम्नः = Dhristadyumna (the son of King Drupada) विराटः = Virata (the prince who gave shelter to the Pandavas while they were in disguise) च = also सात्यकिः = Satyaki (the same as Yuyudhana, the charioteer of Lord KRiShNa) च = and अपराजितः = who had never been vanquished द्रुपदः = Drupada, the King of Pancala द्रौपदेयाः = the sons of Draupadi च = also सर्वशः = all पृथिवीपते = O King सौभद्रः = Abhimanyu, the son of Subhadra च = also महाबाहुः = mighty-armed शङ्खान् = conchshells दध्मुः = blew पृथक् = each separately. सः = that घोषः = vibration धार्तराष्ट्राणां = of the sons of Dhritarashtra हृदयानि = hearts व्यदारयत् = shattered नभः = the sky च = also पृथिवीं = the surface of the earth च = also एव = certainly तुमुलः = uproarious अभ्यनुनादयन् = resounding. अथ = thereupon व्यवस्थितान् = situated दृष्ट्वा = looking upon धार्तराष्ट्रान् = the sons of Dhritarashtra कपिध्वजः = he whose flag was marked with Hanuman प्रवृत्ते = while about to engage शस्त्रसम्पाते = in releasing his arrows धनुः = bow उद्यम्य = taking up पाण्डवः = the son of Pandu (Arjuna) हृषीकेशं = unto Lord KRiShNa तदा = at that time वाक्यं = words इदं = these आह = said महीपते = O King. अर्जुन उवाच = Arjuna said सेनयोः = of the armies उभयोः = both मध्ये = between रथं = the chariot स्थापय = please keep मे = my अच्युत = O infallible one यावत् = as long as एतान् = all these निरीक्षे = may look upon अहं = I योद्धुकामान् = desiring to fight अवस्थितान् = arrayed on the battlefield कैः = with whom मया = by me सह = together योद्धव्यं = have to fight अस्मिन् = in this रण = strife समुद्यमे = in the attempt. योत्स्यमानान् = those who will be fighting अवेक्षे = let me see अहं = I ये = who एते = those अत्र = here समागताः = assembled धार्तराष्ट्रस्य = for the son of Dhritarashtra दुर्बुद्धेः = evil-minded युद्धे = in the fight प्रिय = well चिकीर्षवः = wishing. सञ्जय उवाच = Sanjaya said एवं = thus उक्तः = addressed हृषीकेशः = Lord KRiShNa गुडाकेशेन = by Arjuna भारत = O descendant of Bharata सेनयोः = of the armies उभयोः = both मध्ये = in the midst स्थापयित्वा = placing रथोत्तमं = the finest chariot. भीष्म = Grandfather Bhishma द्रोण = the teacher Drona प्रमुखतः = in front of सर्वेषां = all च = also महीक्षितां = chiefs of the world उवाच = said पार्थ = O son of Pritha पश्य = just behold एतान् = all of them समवेतान् = assembled कुरून् = the members of the Kuru dynasty इति = thus. तत्र = there अपश्यत् = he could see स्थितान् = standing पार्थः = Arjuna पितृन् = fathers अथ = also पितामहान् = grandfathers आचार्यान् = teachers मातुलान् = maternal uncles भ्रातॄन् = brothers पुत्रान् = sons पौत्रान् = grandsons सखीन् = friends तथा = too श्वशुरान् = fathers-in-law सुहृदः = well-wishers च = also एव = certainly सेनयोः = of the armies उभयोः = of both parties अपि = including. तान् = all of them समीक्ष्य = after seeing सः = he कौन्तेयः = the son of Kunti सर्वान् = all kinds of बन्धून् = relatives अवस्थितान् = situated कृपया = by compassion परया = of a high grade आविष्टः = overwhelmed विषीदन् = while lamenting इदं = thus अब्रवीत् = spoke. अर्जुन उवाच = Arjuna said दृष्ट्वा = after seeing इमं = all these स्वजनं = kinsmen कृष्ण = O KRiShNa युयुत्सुं = all in a fighting spirit समुपस्थितं = present सीदन्ति = are quivering मम = my गात्राणि = limbs of the body मुखं = mouth च = also परिशुष्यति = is drying up. वेपथुः = trembling of the body च = also शरीरे = on the body मे = my रोमहर्षः = standing of hair on end च = also जायते = is taking place गाण्डीवं = the bow of Arjuna स्त्रंसते = is slipping हस्तात् = from the hand त्वक् = skin च = also एव = certainly परिदह्यते = is burning. न = nor च = also शक्नोमि = am I able अवस्थातुं = to stay भ्रमति = forgetting इव = as च = and मे = my मनः = mind निमित्तानि = causes च = also पश्यामि = I see विपरीतानि = just the opposite केशव = O killer of the demon Kesi (KRiShNa). न = nor च = also श्रेयः = good अनुपश्यामि = do I foresee हत्वा = by killing स्वजनं = own kinsmen आहवे = in the fight न = nor काङ्क्षे = do I desire विजयं = victory कृष्ण = O KRiShNa न = nor च = also राज्यं = kingdom सुखानि = happiness thereof च = also. किं = what use नः = to us राज्येन = is the kingdom गोविन्द = O KRiShNa किं = what भोगैः = enjoyment जीवितेन = living वा = either येषां = of whom अर्थे = for the sake काङ्क्षितं = is desired नः = by us राज्यं = kingdom भोगाः = material enjoyment सुखानि = all happiness च = also ते = all of them इमे = these अवस्थिताः = situated युद्धे = on this battlefield प्राणान् = lives त्यक्त्वा = giving up धनानि = riches च = also आचार्याः = teachers पितरः = fathers पुत्राः = sons तथा = as well as एव = certainly च = also पितामहाः = grandfathers मातुलाः = maternal uncles श्वशूराः = fathers-in-law पौत्राः = grandsons श्यालाः = brothers-in-law सम्बन्धिनः = relatives तथा = as well as एतान् = all these न = never हन्तुं = to kill इच्छामि = do I wish घ्नतः = being killed अपि = even मधुसूदन = O killer of the demon Madhu (KRiShNa) अपि = even if त्रैलोक्य = of the three worlds राज्यस्य = for the kingdom हेतोः = in exchange किम् नु = what to speak of महीकृते = for the sake of the earth निहत्य = by killing धार्तराष्ट्रान् = the sons of Dhritarashtra नः = our का = what प्रीतिः = pleasure स्यात् = will there be जनार्दन = O maintainer of all living entities. पापं = vices एव = certainly आश्रयेत् = must come upon अस्मान् = us हत्वा = by killing एतान् = all these आततायिनः = aggressors तस्मात् = therefore न = never आर्हाः = deserving वयं = we हन्तुं = to kill धार्तराष्ट्रान् = the sons of Dhritarashtra सबान्धवान् = along with friends स्वजनं = kinsmen हि = certainly कथं = how हत्वा = by killing सुखिनः = happy स्याम = will we become माधव = O KRiShNa, husband of the goddess of fortune. यदि = if अपि = even एते = they न = do not पश्यन्ति = see लोभ = by greed उपहत = overpowered चेतसः = their hearts कुलक्षय = in killing the family कृतं = done दोषं = fault मित्रद्रोहे = in quarreling with friends च = also पातकं = sinful reactions कथं = why न = should not ज्ञेयं = be known अस्माभिः = by us पापात् = from sins अस्मात् = these निवर्तितुं = to cease कुलक्षय = in the destruction of a dynasty कृतं = done दोषं = crime प्रपश्यद्भिः = by those who can see जनार्दन = O KRiShNa. कुलक्षये = in destroying the family प्रणश्यन्ति = become vanquished कुलधर्माः = the family traditions सनातनाः = eternal धर्मे = religion नष्टे = being destroyed कुलं = family कृत्स्नं = whole अधर्मः = irreligion अभिभवति = transforms उत = it is said. अधर्म = irreligion अभिभवात् = having become predominant कृष्ण = O KRiShNa प्रदुष्यन्ति = become polluted कुलस्त्रियः = family ladies स्त्रीषु = by the womanhood दुष्टासु = being so polluted वार्ष्णेय = O descendant of VRiShNi जायते = comes into being वर्णसङ्करः = unwanted progeny. सङ्करः = such unwanted children नरकाय = make for hellish life एव = certainly कुलघ्नानां = for those who are killers of the family कुलस्य = for the family च = also पतन्ति = fall down पितरः = forefathers हि = certainly एषां = of them लुप्त = stopped पिण्ड = of offerings of food उदक = and water क्रियाः = performances. दोषैः = by such faults एतैः = all these कुलघ्नानां = of the destroyers of the family वर्णसङ्कर = of unwanted children कारकैः = which are causes उत्साद्यन्ते = are devastated जातिधर्माः = community projects कुलधर्माः = family traditions च = also शाश्वताः = eternal. उत्सन्न = spoiled कुलधर्माणां = of those who have the family traditions मनुष्याणां = of such men जनार्दन = O KRiShNa नरके = in hell नियतं = always वासः = residence भवति = it so becomes इति = thus अनुशुश्रुम = I have heard by disciplic succession. अहो = alas बत = how strange it is महत् = great पापं = sins कर्तुं = to perform व्यवासिताः = have decided वयं = we यत् = because राज्यसुखलोभेन = driven by greed for royal happiness हन्तुं = to kill स्वजनं = kinsmen उद्यताः = trying. यदि = even if मां = me अप्रतीकारं = without being resistant अशस्त्रं = without being fully equipped शस्त्रपाणयः = those with weapons in hand धार्तराष्ट्राः = the sons of Dhritarashtra रणे = on the battlefield हन्युः = may kill तत् = that मे = for me क्षेमतरं = better भवेत् = would be. सञ्जय उवाच = Sanjaya said एवं = thus उक्त्वा = saying अर्जुनः = Arjuna सङ्ख्ये = in the battlefield रथ = of the chariot उपस्थे = on the seat उपविशत् = sat down again विसृज्य = putting aside सशरं = along with arrows चापं = the bow शोक = by lamentation संविग्न = distressed मानसः = within the mind. End of 1.46
सञ्जय उवाच = Sanjaya said तं = unto Arjuna तथा = thus कृपया = by compassion आविष्टं = overwhelmed अश्रूपूर्णाकुल = full of tears ईक्षणं = eyes विषीदन्तं = lamenting इदं = these वाक्यं = words उवाच = said मधुसूदनः = the killer of Madhu. श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Supreme Personality of Godhead said कुतः = wherefrom त्वा = unto you कश्मलं = dirtiness इदं = this lamentation विषमे = in this hour of crisis समुपस्थितं = arrived अनार्य = persons who do not know the value of life जुष्टं = practiced by अस्वर्ग्यं = which does not lead to higher planets अकीर्ति = infamy करं = the cause of अर्जुन = O Arjuna. क्लैब्यं = impotence मा स्म = do not गमः = take to पार्थ = O son of Pritha न = never एतत् = this त्वयि = unto you उपपद्यते = is befitting क्षुद्रं = petty हृदय = of the heart दौर्बल्यं = weakness त्यक्त्वा = giving up उत्तिष्ठ = get up परंतप = O chastiser of the enemies. अर्जुन उवाच = Arjuna said कथं = how भीष्मं = Bhishma अहं = I साङ्ख्ये = in the fight द्रोणं = Drona च = also मधुसूदन = O killer of Madhu इषुभिः = with arrows प्रतियोत्स्यामि = shall counterattack पूजार्हौ = those who are worshipable अरिसूदन = O killer of the enemies. गुरुन् = the superiors अहत्वा = not killing हि = certainly महानुभवान् = great souls श्रेयः = it is better भोक्तुं = to enjoy life भैक्ष्यं = by begging अपि = even इह = in this life लोके = in this world हत्वा = killing अर्थ = gain कामान् = desiring तु = but गुरुन् = superiors इह = in this world एव = certainly भुञ्जीय = one has to enjoy भोगान् = enjoyable things रुधिर = blood प्रदिग्धान् = tainted with. न = nor च = also एतत् = this विद्मः = do we know कतरत् = which नः = for us गरीयः = better यद्वा = whether जयेम = we may conquer यदि = if वा = or नः = us जयेयुः = they conquer यान् = those who एव = certainly हत्वा = by killing न = never जिजीविषामः = we would want to live ते = all of them अवस्थिताः = are situated प्रमुखे = in the front धार्तराष्ट्राः = the sons of Dhritarashtra. कार्पण्य = of miserliness दोष = by the weakness उपहत = being afflicted स्वभावः = characteristics पृच्छामि = I am asking त्वां = unto You धर्म = religion सम्मूढ = bewildered चेताः = in heart यत् = what श्रेयः = all-good स्यात् = may be निश्चितं = confidently ब्रूहि = tell तत् = that मे = unto me शिष्यः = disciple ते = Your अहं = I am शाधि = just instruct मां = me त्वां = unto You प्रपन्नं = surrendered. न = do not हि = certainly प्रपश्यामि = I see मम = my अपनुद्यात् = can drive away यत् = that which शोकं = lamentation उच्छोषणं = drying up इन्द्रियाणां = of the senses अवाप्य = achieving भुमौ = on the earth असपत्नं = without rival ऋद्धं = prosperous राज्यं = kingdom सुराणां = of the demigods अपि = even च = also आधिपत्यं = supremacy. सञ्जय उवाच = Sanjaya said एवं = thus उक्त्वा = speaking हृषीकेशं = unto KRiShNa, the master of the senses गुडाकेशः = Arjuna, the master of curbing ignorance परन्तप = the chastiser of the enemies न योत्स्ये = I shall not fight इति = thus गोविन्दं = unto KRiShNa, the giver of pleasure to the senses उक्त्वा = saying तुष्णिं = silent बभूव = became ह = certainly. तं = unto him उवाच = said हृषीकेशः = the master of the senses, KRiShNa प्रहसन् = smiling इव = like that भारत = O Dhritarashtra, descendant of Bharata सेनयोः = of the armies उभयोः = of both parties मध्ये = between विषीदन्तं = unto the lamenting one इदं = the following वचः = words. श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Supreme Personality of Godhead said अशोच्यान् = not worthy of lamentation अन्वशोचः = you are lamenting त्वं = you प्रज्ञावादान् = learned talks च = also भाषसे = speaking गत = lost असून् = life अगत = not past असून् = life च = also न = never अनुशोचन्ति = lament पण्डिताः = the learned. न = never तु = but एव = certainly अहं = I जातु = at any time न = did not आसं = exist न = not त्वं = you न = not इमे = all these जनाधिपः = kings न = never च = also एव = certainly न = not भविष्यामः = shall exist सर्वे वयं = all of us अतः परं = hereafter. देहीनः = of the embodied अस्मिन् = in this यथा = as देहे = in the body कौमारं = boyhood यौवनं = youth जरा = old age तथा = similarly देहान्तर = of transference of the body प्राप्तिः = achievement धीरः = the sober तत्र = thereupon न = never मुह्यति = is deluded. मात्रास्पर्शः = sensory perception तु = only कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti शीत = winter उष्ण = summer सुख = happiness दुःख = and pain दाः = giving आगम = appearing अपायिनः = disappearing अनित्यः = nonpermanent तान् = all of them तितिक्षस्व = just try to tolerate भारत = O descendant of the Bharata dynasty. यं = one to whom हि = certainly न = never व्यथयन्ति = are distressing एते = all these पुरुषं = to a person पुरुषर्षभ = O best among men सम = unaltered दुःख = in distress सुखं = and happiness धीरं = patient सः = he अमृतत्त्वाय = for liberation कल्पते = is considered eligible. न = never असतः = of the nonexistent विद्यते = there is भावः = endurance न = never अभावः = changing quality विद्यते = there is सतः = of the eternal उभयोः = of the two अपि = verily दृष्टः = observed अन्तः = conclusion तु = indeed अनयोः = of them तत्त्व = of the truth दर्शिभिः = by the seers. अविनाशि = imperishable तु = but तत् = that विद्धि = know it येन = by whom सर्वं = all of the body इदं = this ततं = pervaded विनाशं = destruction अव्ययस्य = of the imperishable अस्य = of it न कश्चित् = no one कर्तुं = to do अर्हति = is able. अन्तवन्तः = perishable इमे = all these देहाः = material bodies नित्यस्य = eternal in existence उक्ताः = are said शरीरिणः = of the embodied soul अनाशिनः = never to be destroyed अप्रमेयस्य = immeasurable तस्मात् = therefore युध्यस्व = fight भारत = O descendant of Bharata. यः = anyone who एनं = this वेत्ति = knows हन्तारं = the killer यः = anyone who च = also एनं = this मन्यते = thinks हतं = killed उभौ = both तौ = they न = never विजानीताः = are in knowledge न = never अयं = this हन्ति = kills न = nor हन्यते = is killed. न = never जायते = takes birth म्रियते = dies वा = either कदाचित् = at any time (past, present or future) न = never अयं = this भूत्वा = having come into being भविता = will come to be वा = or न = not भूयः = or is again coming to be अजः = unborn नित्यः = eternal शाश्वतः = permanent अयं = this पुराणः = the oldest न = never हन्यते = is killed हन्यमाने = being killed शरीरे = the body. वेद = knows अविनाशिनं = indestructible नित्यं = always existing यः = one who एनं = this (soul) अजं = unborn अव्ययं = immutable कथं = how सः = that पुरुषः = person पार्थ = O Partha (Arjuna) कं = whom घातयति = causes to hurt हन्ति = kills कं = whom. वासांसि = garments जीर्णानि = old and worn out यथा = just as विहाय = giving up नवानि = new garments गृह्णाति = does accept नरः = a man अपराणि = others तथा = in the same way शरीराणि = bodies विहाय = giving up जीर्णानि = old and useless अन्यानि = different संयाति = verily accepts नवानि = new sets देही = the embodied. न = never एनं = this soul छिन्दन्ति = can cut to pieces शस्त्राणि = weapons न = never एनं = this soul दहति = burns पावकः = fire न = never च = also एनं = this soul क्लेदयन्ति = moistens आपः = water न = never शोषयति = dries मारुतः = wind. अच्छेद्यः = unbreakable अयं = this soul अदाह्यः = unable to be burned अयं = this soul अक्लेद्यः = insoluble अशोष्यः = not able to be dried एव = certainly च = and नित्यः = everlasting सर्वगतः = all-pervading स्थाणुः = unchangeable अचलः = immovable अयं = this soul सनातनः = eternally the same. अव्यक्तः = invisible अयं = this soul अचिन्त्यः = inconceivable अयं = this soul अविकार्यः = unchangeable अयं = this soul उच्यते = is said तस्मात् = therefore एवं = like this विदित्वा = knowing it well एनं = this soul न = do not अनुशोचितुं = to lament अर्हसि = you deserve. अथ = if, however च = also एनं = this soul नित्यजातं = always born नित्यं = forever वा = either मन्यसे = you so think मृतं = dead तथापि = still त्वं = you महाबाहो = O mighty-armed one न = never एनं = about the soul शोचितुं = to lament अर्हसि = deserve. जातस्य = of one who has taken his birth हि = certainly ध्रुवः = a fact मृत्युः = death ध्रुवं = it is also a fact जन्म = birth मृतस्य = of the dead च = also तस्मात् = therefore अपरिहार्ये = of that which is unavoidable अर्थे = in the matter न = do not त्वं = you शोचितुं = to lament अर्हसि = deserve. अव्यक्तादीनि = in the beginning unmanifested भूतानी = all that are created व्यक्त = manifested मध्यानि = in the middle भारत = O descendant of Bharata अव्यक्त = nonmanifested निधनानि = when vanquished एव = it is all like that तत्र = therefore का = what परिदेवना = lamentation. आश्चर्यवत् = as amazing पश्यति = sees कश्चित् = someone एनं = this soul आश्चर्यवत् = as amazing वदति = speaks of तथा = thus एव = certainly च = also अन्यः = another आश्चर्यवत् = similarly amazing च = also एनं = this soul अन्यः = another शृणोति = hears of श्रुत्वा = having heard अपि = even एनं = this soul वेद = knows न = never च = and एव = certainly कश्चित् = someone. देही = the owner of the material body नित्यं = eternally अवध्यः = cannot be killed अयं = this soul देहे = in the body सर्वस्य = of everyone भारत = O descendant of Bharata तस्मात् = therefore सर्वाणि = all भूतानि = living entities (that are born) न = never त्वं = you शोचितुं = to lament अर्हसि = deserve. स्वधर्मं = one's own religious principles अपि = also च = indeed अवेक्ष्य = considering न = never विकम्पितुं = to hesitate अर्हसि = you deserve धर्म्यात् = for religious principles हि = indeed युद्धात् = than fighting श्रेयः = better engagement अन्यत् = any other क्षत्रियस्य = of the ksatriya न = does not विद्यते = exist. यदृच्छया = by its own accord च = also उपपन्नं = arrived at स्वर्ग = of the heavenly planets द्वारं = door अपावृतं = wide open सुखिनः = very happy क्षत्रियाः = the members of the royal order पार्थ = O son of Pritha लभन्ते = do achieve युद्धं = war ईदृषं = like this. अथ = therefore चेत् = if त्वं = you इमं = this धर्म्यं = as a religious duty संग्रामं = fighting न = do not करिष्यसि = perform ततः = then स्वधर्मं = your religious duty कीर्तिं = reputation च = also हित्वा = losing पापं = sinful reaction अवाप्स्यसि = will gain. अकीर्तिं = infamy च = also अपि = over and above भूतानि = all people कथयिष्यन्ति = will speak ते = of you अव्ययं = forever सम्भावितस्य = for a respectable man च = also अकीर्तिः = ill fame मरणात् = than death अतिरिच्यते = becomes more. भयात् = out of fear रणात् = from the battlefield उपरतं = ceased मंस्यन्ते = they will consider त्वां = you महारथाः = the great generals येषां = for whom च = also त्वं = you बहुमतः = in great estimation भूत्वा = having been यास्यसि = you will go लाघवं = decreased in value. अवाच्य = unkind वादान् = fabricated words च = also बहून् = many वदिष्यन्ति = will say तव = your अहिताः = enemies निन्दन्तः = while vilifying तव = your सामर्थ्यं = ability ततः = than that दुःखतरं = more painful नु = of course किं = what is there. हतः = being killed वा = either प्राप्स्यसि = you gain स्वर्गं = the heavenly kingdom जित्वा = by conquering वा = or भोक्ष्यसे = you enjoy महीं = the world तस्मात् = therefore उत्तिष्ठ = get up कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti युद्धाय = to fight कृत = determined निश्चयः = in certainty. सुख = happiness दुःखे = and distress समे = in equanimity कृत्वा = doing so लाभालाभौ = both profit and loss जयाजयौ = both victory and defeat ततः = thereafter युद्धाय = for the sake of fighting युज्यस्व = engage (fight) न = never एवं = in this way पापं = sinful reaction अवाप्स्यसि = you will gain. एषा = all this ते = unto you अभिहिता = described साङ्ख्ये = by analytical study बुद्धिः = intelligence योगे = in work without fruitive result तु = but इमं = this शृणु = just hear बुद्ध्या = by intelligence युक्तः = dovetailed यया = by which पार्थ = O son of Pritha कर्मबन्धं = bondage of reaction प्रहास्यसि = you can be released from. न = there is not इह = in this yoga अभिक्रम = in endeavoring नाशः = loss अस्ति = there is प्रत्यवायः = diminution न = never विद्यते = there is स्वल्पं = a little अपि = although अस्य = of this धर्मस्य = occupation त्रायते = releases महतः = from very great भयात् = danger. व्यवसायात्मिका = resolute in KRiShNa consciousness बुद्धिः = intelligence एक = only one इह = in this world कुरुनन्दन = O beloved child of the Kurus बहुशाखाः = having various branches हि = indeed अनन्ताः = unlimited च = also बुद्धयः = intelligence अव्यवसायिनां = of those who are not in KRiShNa consciousness. यामिमां = all these पुष्पितां = flowery वाचं = words प्रवदन्ति = say अविपश्चितः = men with a poor fund of knowledge वेदवादरताः = supposed followers of the Vedas पार्थ = O son of Pritha न = never अन्यत् = anything else अस्ति = there is इति = thus वादिनः = the advocates कामात्मानः = desirous of sense gratification स्वर्गपराः = aiming to achieve heavenly planets जन्मकर्मफलप्रदां = resulting in good birth and other fruitive reactions क्रियाविशेष = pompous ceremonies बहुलां = various भोग = in sense enjoyment ऐश्वर्य = and opulence गतिं = progress प्रति = towards. भोग = to material enjoyment ऐश्वर्य = and opulence प्रसक्तानां = for those who are attached तया = by such things अपहृतचेतसां = bewildered in mind व्यवसायात्मिका = fixed in determination बुद्धिः = devotional service to the Lord समाधौ = in the controlled mind न = never विधीयते = does take place. त्रैगुण्य = pertaining to the three modes of material nature विषयाः = on the subject matter वेदाः = Vedic literatures निस्त्रैगुण्यः = transcendental to the three modes of material nature भव = be अर्जुन = O Arjuna निर्द्वन्द्वः = without duality नित्यसत्त्वस्थः = in a pure state of spiritual existence निर्योगक्षेमः = free from ideas of gain and protection आत्मवान् = established in the self. यावान् = all that अर्थः = is meant उदपाने = in a well of water सर्वतः = in all respects सम्प्लुतोदके = in a great reservoir of water तावान् = similarly सर्वेषु = in all वेदेषु = Vedic literatures ब्राह्मणस्य = of the man who knows the Supreme Brahman विजानतः = who is in complete knowledge. कर्माणि = in prescribed duties एव = certainly अधिकारः = right ते = of you मा = never फलेषु = in the fruits कदाचन = at any time मा = never कर्मफल = in the result of the work हेतुः = cause भूः = become मा = never ते = of you सङ्गः = attachment अस्तु = there should be अकर्मणि = in not doing prescribed duties. योगस्थः = equipoised कुरु = perform कर्माणि = your duties सङ्गं = attachment त्यक्त्वा = giving up धनञ्जय = O Arjuna सिद्ध्यसिद्ध्योः = in success and failure समः = equipoised भूत्वा = becoming समत्वं = equanimity योगः = yoga उच्यते = is called. दूरेण = discard it at a long distance हि = certainly अवरं = abominable कर्म = activity बुद्धियोगात् = on the strength of KRiShNa consciousness धनञ्जय = O conqueror of wealth बुद्धौ = in such consciousness शरणं = full surrender अन्विच्छ = try for कृपणाः = misers फलहेतवः = those desiring fruitive results. बुद्धियुक्तः = one who is engaged in devotional service जहाति = can get rid of इह = in this life उभे = both सुकृतदुष्कृते = good and bad results तस्मात् = therefore योगाय = for the sake of devotional service युज्यस्व = be so engaged योगः = KRiShNa consciousness कर्मसु = in all activities कौशलं = art. कर्मजं = due to fruitive activities बुद्धियुक्ताः = being engaged in devotional service हि = certainly फलं = results त्यक्त्वा = giving up मनीषिणः = great sages or devotees जन्मबन्ध = from the bondage of birth and death विनिर्मुक्ताः = liberated पदं = position गच्छन्ति = they reach अनामयं = without miseries. यदा = when ते = your मोह = of illusion कलिलं = dense forest बुद्धिः = transcendental service with intelligence व्यतितरिष्यति = surpasses तदा = at that time गन्तासि = you shall go निर्वेदं = callousness श्रोतव्यस्य = toward all that is to be heard श्रुतस्य = all that is already heard च = also. श्रुति = of Vedic revelation विप्रतिपन्ना = without being influenced by the fruitive results ते = your यदा = when स्थास्यति = remains निश्चला = unmoved समाधौ = in transcendental consciousness, or KRiShNa consciousness अचला = unflinching बुद्धिः = intelligence तदा = at that time योगं = self-realization अवाप्स्यसि = you will achieve. अर्जुन उवाच = Arjuna said स्थितप्रज्ञस्य = of one who is situated in fixed KRiShNa consciousness का = what भाषा = language समाधिस्थस्य = of one situated in trance केशव = O KRiShNa स्थितधीः = one fixed in KRiShNa consciousness किं = what प्रभाषेत = speaks किं = how आसीत = does remain still व्रजेत = walks किं = how. श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Supreme Personality of Godhead said प्रजहाति = gives up यदा = when कामान् = desires for sense gratification सर्वान् = of all varieties पार्थ = O son of Pritha मनोगतान् = of mental concoction आत्मानि = in the pure state of the soul एव = certainly आत्मना = by the purified mind तुष्टः = satisfied स्थितप्रज्ञः = transcendentally situated तदा = at that time उच्यते = is said. दुःखेषु = in the threefold miseries अनुद्विग्नमनाः = without being agitated in mind सुखेषु = in happiness विगतस्पृहः = without being interested वीत = free from राग = attachment भय = fear क्रोधः = and anger स्थितधीः = whose mind is steady मुनिः = a sage उच्यते = is called. यः = one who सर्वत्र = everywhere अनभिस्नेहः = without affection तत् = that तत् = that प्राप्य = achieving शुभ = good अशुभं = evil न = never अभिनन्दती = praises न = never द्वेष्टि = envies तस्य = his प्रज्ञा = perfect knowledge प्रतिष्ठिता = fixed. यदा = when संहरते = winds up च = also अयं = he कूर्मः = tortoise अङ्गानि = limbs इव = like सर्वशः = altogether इन्द्रियाणि = senses इन्द्रियार्थेभ्यः = from the sense objects तस्य = his प्रज्ञा = consciousness प्रतिष्ठिता = fixed. विषयाः = objects for sense enjoyment विनिवर्तन्ते = are practiced to be refrained from निराहारस्य = by negative restrictions देहीनः = for the embodied रसवर्जं = giving up the taste रसः = sense of enjoyment अपि = although there is अस्य = his परं = far superior things दृष्ट्वा = by experiencing निवर्तते = he ceases from. यततः = while endeavoring हि = certainly अपि = in spite of कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti पुरुषस्य = of a man विपश्चितः = full of discriminating knowledge इन्द्रियाणि = the senses प्रमाथीनि = agitating हरन्ति = throw प्रसभं = by force मनः = the mind. तानि = those senses सर्वाणि = all संयम्य = keeping under control युक्तः = engaged आसीत = should be situated मत्परः = in relationship with Me वशे = in full subjugation हि = certainly यस्य = one whose इन्द्रियाणि = senses तस्य = his प्रज्ञा = consciousness प्रतिष्ठिता = fixed. ध्यायतः = while contemplating विषयान् = sense objects पुंसः = of a person सङ्गः = attachment तेषु = in the sense objects उपजायते = develops सङ्गात् = from attachment सञ्जायते = develops कामः = desire कामात् = from desire क्रोधः = anger अभिजायते = becomes manifest. क्रोधात् = from anger भवति = takes place सम्मोहः = perfect illusion सम्मोहात् = from illusion स्मृति = of memory विभ्रमः = bewilderment स्मृतिभ्रंशात् = after bewilderment of memory बुद्धिनाशः = loss of intelligence बुद्धिनाशात् = and from loss of intelligence प्रणश्यति = one falls down. राग = attachment द्वेष = and detachment विमुक्तैः = by one who has become free from तु = but विषयान् = sense objects इन्द्रियैः = by the senses चरन् = acting upon आत्मवश्यैः = under one's control विधेयात्मा = one who follows regulated freedom प्रसादं = the mercy of the Lord अधिगच्छति = attains. प्रसादे = on achievement of the causeless mercy of the Lord सर्व = of all दुःखानां = material miseries हानिः = destruction अस्य = his उपजायते = takes place प्रसन्नचेतसः = of the happy-minded हि = certainly आषु = very soon बुद्धिः = intelligence परि = sufficiently अवतिष्ठते = becomes established. नास्ति = there cannot be बुद्धिः = transcendental intelligence अयुक्तस्य = of one who is not connected (with KRiShNa consciousness) न = not च = and अयुक्तस्य = of one devoid of KRiShNa consciousness भावना = fixed mind (in happiness) न = not च = and अभावयतः = of one who is not fixed शान्तिः = peace अशान्तस्य = of the unpeaceful कुतः = where is सुखं = happiness. इन्द्रियाणां = of the senses हि = certainly चरतां = while roaming यत् = with which मनः = the mind अनुविधीयते = becomes constantly engaged तत् = that अस्य = his हरति = takes away प्रज्ञां = intelligence वायुः = wind नवं = a boat इव = like अम्भसि = on the water. तस्मात् = therefore यस्य = whose महाबाहो = O mighty-armed one निगृहीतानि = so curbed down सर्वशः = all around इन्द्रियाणि = the senses इन्द्रियार्थेभ्यः = from sense objects तस्य = his प्रज्ञा = intelligence प्रतिष्ठिता = fixed. या = what निशा = is night सर्व = all भूतानां = of living entities तस्यां = in that जागर्ति = is wakeful संयमी = the self-controlled यस्यां = in which जाग्रति = are awake भूतानि = all beings सा = that is निशा = night पश्यतः = for the introspective मुनेः = sage. आपुर्यमाणं = always being filled अचलप्रतिष्ठं = steadily situated समुद्रं = the ocean आपः = waters प्रविशन्ति = enter यद्वत् = as तद्वत् = so कामाः = desires यं = unto whom प्रविशन्ति = enter सर्वे = all सः = that person शान्तिं = peace आप्नोति = achieves न = not कामकामी = one who desires to fulfill desires. विहाय = giving up कामान् = material desires for sense gratification यः = who सर्वान् = all पुमान् = a person चरति = lives निःस्पृहः = desireless निर्ममः = without a sense of proprietorship निरहङ्कारः = without false ego सः = he शान्तिं = perfect peace अधिगच्छति = attains. एषा = this ब्राह्मी = spiritual स्थितिः = situation पार्थ = O son of Pritha न = never एनं = this प्राप्य = achieving विमुह्यति = one is bewildered स्थित्वा = being situated अस्यां = in this अन्तकाले = at the end of life अपि = also ब्रह्मनिर्वाणं = the spiritual kingdom of God ऋच्छति = one attains. End of 2.72
अर्जुन उवाच = Arjuna said ज्यायसि = better चेत् = if कर्मणः = than fruitive action ते = by You मता = is considered बुद्धिः = intelligence जनार्दन = O KRiShNa तत् = therefore किं = why कर्मणि = in action घोरे = ghastly मां = me नियोजयसि = You are engaging केशव = O KRiShNa. व्यामिश्रेण = by equivocal इव = certainly वाक्येन = words बुद्धिं = intelligence मोहयसि = You are bewildering इव = certainly मे = my तत् = therefore एकं = only one वद = please tell निश्चित्य = ascertaining येन = by which श्रेयः = real benefit अहं = I आप्नुयां = may have. श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Supreme Personality of Godhead said लोके = in the world अस्मिन् = this द्विविधा = two kinds of निष्ठा = faith पुरा = formerly प्रोक्ता = were said मया = by Me अनघ = O sinless one ज्ञानयोगेन = by the linking process of knowledge साङ्ख्यानां = of the empiric philosophers कर्मयोगेण = by the linking process of devotion योगिनां = of the devotees. न = not कर्मणां = of prescribed duties अनारम्भात् = by nonperformance नैष्कर्म्यं = freedom from reaction पुरुषः = a man अश्नुते = achieves न = nor च = also संन्यासनात् = by renunciation एव = simply सिद्धिं = success समधिगच्छति = attains. न = nor हि = certainly कश्चित् = anyone क्षणं = a moment अपि = also जातु = at any time तिष्ठति = remains अकर्मकृत् = without doing something कार्यते = is forced to do हि = certainly अवशः = helplessly कर्म = work सर्वः = all प्रकृतिजैः = born of the modes of material nature गुणैः = by the qualities. कर्मेन्द्रियाणि = the five working sense organs संयम्य = controlling यः = anyone who आस्ते = remains मनसा = by the mind स्मरन् = thinking of इन्द्रियार्थान् = sense objects विमूढ = foolish आत्मा = soul मिथ्याचारः = pretender सः = he उच्यते = is called. यः = one who तु = but इन्द्रियाणि = the senses मनसा = by the mind नियम्य = regulating आरभते = begins अर्जुन = O Arjuna कर्मेन्द्रियैः = by the active sense organs कर्मयोगं = devotion असक्तः = without attachment सः = he विशिष्यते = is by far the better. नियतं = prescribed कुरु = do कर्म = duties त्वं = you कर्म = work ज्यायाः = better हि = certainly अकर्मणः = than no work शरीर = bodily यात्रा = maintenance अपि = even च = also ते = your न = never प्रसिद्ध्येत् = is effected अकर्मणः = without work. यज्ञार्थात् = done only for the sake of Yajna, or Visnu कर्मणः = than work अन्यत्र = otherwise लोकः = world अयं = this कर्मबन्धनः = bondage by work तत् = of Him अर्थं = for the sake कर्म = work कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti मुक्तसङ्गः = liberated from association समाचर = do perfectly. सह = along with यज्ञाः = sacrifices प्रजाः = generations सृष्ट्वा = creating पुरा = anciently उवाच = said प्रजापतिः = the Lord of creatures अनेन = by this प्रसविष्यध्वं = be more and more prosperous एषः = this वः = your अस्तु = let it be इष्ट = of all desirable things कामधुक् = bestower. देवान् = demigods भावयता = having pleased अनेन = by this sacrifice ते = those देवाः = demigods भावयन्तु = will please वः = you परस्परं = mutually भावयन्तः = pleasing one another श्रेयः = benediction परं = the supreme अवाप्स्यथ = you will achieve. इष्टान् = desired भोगान् = necessities of life हि = certainly वः = unto you देवाः = the demigods दास्यन्ते = will award यज्ञभाविताः = being satisfied by the performance of sacrifices तैः = by them दत्तान् = things given अप्रदाय = without offering एभ्यः = to these demigods यः = he who भुङ्क्ते = enjoys स्तेनः = thief एव = certainly सः = he. यज्ञशिष्टा = of food taken after performance of yajna आसिनः = eaters सन्तः = the devotees मुच्यन्ते = get relief सर्व = all kinds of किल्बिषैः = from sins भुञ्जते = enjoy ते = they तु = but अघं = grievous sins पापाः = sinners ये = who पचन्ति = prepare food आत्मकारणात् = for sense enjoyment. अन्नात् = from grains भवन्ति = grow भूतानि = the material bodies पर्जन्यात् = from rains अन्न = of food grains सम्भवः = production यज्ञात् = from the performance of sacrifice भवति = becomes possible पर्जन्यः = rain यज्ञः = performance of yajna कर्म = prescribed duties समुद्भवः = born of. कर्म = work ब्रह्म = from the Vedas उद्भवं = produced विद्धि = you should know ब्रह्म = the Vedas अक्षर = from the Supreme Brahman (Personality of Godhead) समुद्भवं = directly manifested तस्मात् = therefore सर्वगतं = all-pervading ब्रह्म = transcendence नित्यं = eternally यज्ञे = in sacrifice प्रतिष्ठितं = situated. एवं = thus प्रवर्तितं = established by the Vedas चक्रं = cycle न = does not अनुवर्तयति = adopt इह = in this life यः = one who अघायुः = whose life is full of sins इन्द्रियारामः = satisfied in sense gratification मोघं = uselessly पार्थ = O son of Pritha (Arjuna) सः = he जीवति = lives. यः = one who तु = but आत्मरतिः = taking pleasure in the self एव = certainly स्यात् = remains आत्मतृप्तः = self-illuminated च = and मानवः = a man आत्मनि = in himself एव = only च = and सन्तुष्टः = perfectly satiated तस्य = his कार्यं = duty न = does not विद्यते = exist. न = never एव = certainly तस्य = his कृतेन = by discharge of duty अर्थः = purpose न = nor अकृतेन = without discharge of duty इह = in this world कश्चन = whatever न = never च = and अस्य = of him सर्वभूतेषु = among all living beings कश्चित् = any अर्थ = purpose व्यपाश्रयः = taking shelter of. तस्मात् = therefore असक्तः = without attachment सततं = constantly कार्यं = as duty कर्म = work समाचर = perform असक्तः = unattached हि = certainly आचरान् = performing कर्म = work परं = the Supreme आप्नोति = achieves पूरुषः = a man. कर्मणा = by work एव = even हि = certainly संसिद्धिं = in perfection आस्थिताः = situated जनकादयाः = Janaka and other kings लोकसंग्रहं = the people in general एवापि = also सम्पश्यन् = considering कर्तुं = to act अर्हसि = you deserve. यद्यत् = whatever आचरति = he does श्रेष्ठः = a respectable leader तत् = that तत् = and that alone एव = certainly इतरः = common जनः = person सः = he यत् = whichever प्रमाणं = example कुरुते = does perform लोकाः = all the world तत् = that अनुवर्तते = follows in the footsteps. न = not मे = Mine पार्थ = O son of Pritha अस्ति = there is कर्तव्यं = prescribed duty त्रिषु = in the three लोकेषु = planetary systems किञ्चन = any न = nothing अनवाप्तं = wanted अवाप्तव्यं = to be gained वर्ते = I am engaged एव = certainly च = also कर्मणि = in prescribed duty. यदि = if हि = certainly अहं = I न = do not वर्तेयं = thus engage जातु = ever कर्मणि = in the performance of prescribed duties अतन्द्रितः = with great care मम = My वर्त्म = path अनुवर्तन्ते = would follow मनुष्याः = all men पार्थ = O son of Pritha सर्वशः = in all respects. उत्सीदेयुः = would be put into ruin इमे = all these लोकाः = worlds न = not कुर्यां = I perform कर्म = prescribed duties चेत् = if अहं = I सङ्करस्य = of unwanted population च = and कर्ता = creator स्यां = would be उपहन्यां = would destroy इमाः = all these प्रजाः = living entities. सक्ताः = being attached कर्मणि = in prescribed duties अविद्वांसः = the ignorant यथा = as much as कुर्वन्ति = they do भारत = O descendant of Bharata कुर्यात् = must do विद्वान् = the learned तथा = thus असक्तः = without attachment चिकीर्षुः = desiring to lead लोकसंग्रहं = the people in general. न = not बुद्धिभेदं = disruption of intelligence जनयेत् = he should cause अज्ञानां = of the foolish कर्मसङ्गिनां = who are attached to fruitive work जोषयेत् = he should dovetail सर्व = all कर्माणि = work विद्वान् = a learned person युक्तः = engaged समाचरन् = practicing. प्रकृतेः = of material nature क्रियमाणानि = being done गुणैः = by the modes कर्माणि = activities सर्वशः = all kinds of अहङ्कारविमूढ = bewildered by false ego आत्मा = the spirit soul कर्ता = doer अहं = I इति = thus मन्यते = he thinks. तत्त्ववित् = the knower of the Absolute Truth तु = but महाबाहो = O mighty-armed one गुणकर्म = of works under material influence विभागयोः = differences गुणाः = senses गुणेषु = in sense gratification वर्तन्ते = are being engaged इति = thus मत्वा = thinking न = never सज्जते = becomes attached. प्रकृतेः = of material nature गुण = by the modes सम्मूढाः = befooled by material identification सज्जन्ते = they become engaged गुणकर्मसु = in material activities तान् = those अकृत्स्नविदाः = persons with a poor fund of knowledge मन्दान् = lazy to understand self-realization कृत्स्नवित् = one who is in factual knowledge न = not विचालयेत् = should try to agitate. मयि = unto Me सर्वाणि = all sorts of कर्माणि = activities संन्यस्य = giving up completely अध्यात्म = with full knowledge of the self चेतसा = by consciousness निराशीः = without desire for profit निर्ममः = without ownership भूत्वा = so being युध्यस्व = fight विगतज्वरः = without being lethargic. ये = those who मे = My मतं = injunctions इदं = these नित्यं = as an eternal function अनुतिष्ठन्ति = execute regularly मानवाः = human beings श्रद्धावन्तः = with faith and devotion अनसूयन्तः = without envy मुच्यन्ते = become free ते = all of them अपि = even कर्मभिः = from the bondage of the law of fruitive actions. ये = those तु = however एतत् = this अभ्यसूयन्तः = out of envy न = do not अनुतिष्ठन्ति = regularly perform मे = My मतं = injunction सर्वज्ञान = in all sorts of knowledge विमूढान् = perfectly befooled तान् = they are विद्धि = know it well नष्टान् = all ruined अचेतसः = without KRiShNa consciousness. सदृशं = accordingly चेष्टते = tries स्वस्यः = by his own प्रकृतेः = modes of nature ज्ञानवान् = learned अपि = although प्रकृतिं = nature यान्ति = undergo भूतानी = all living entities निग्रहः = repression किं = what करिष्यति = can do. इन्द्रियस्य = of the senses इन्द्रियस्यार्थे = in the sense objects राग = attachment द्वेषौ = also detachment व्यवस्थितौ = put under regulations तयोः = of them न = never वशं = control आगच्छेत् = one should come तौ = those हि = certainly अस्य = his परिपन्थिनौ = stumbling blocks. श्रेयान् = far better स्वधर्मः = one's prescribed duties विगुणः = even faulty परधर्मात् = than duties mentioned for others स्वनुष्ठितात् = perfectly done स्वधर्मे = in one's prescribed duties निधनं = destruction श्रेयः = better परधर्मः = duties prescribed for others भयावहः = dangerous. अर्जुन उवाच = Arjuna said अथ = then केन = by what प्रयुक्तः = impelled अयं = one पापं = sins चरति = does पूरुषः = a man अनिच्छन् = without desiring अपि = although वार्ष्णेय = O descendant of VRiShNi बलात् = by force इव = as if नियोजितः = engaged. श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Personality of Godhead said कामः = lust एषः = this क्रोधः = wrath एषः = this रजोगुण = the mode of passion समुद्भवः = born of महाशनः = all-devouring महापाप्मा = greatly sinful विद्धि = know एनं = this इह = in the material world वैरिणं = greatest enemy. धूमेन = by smoke आव्रियते = is covered वह्निः = fire यथा = just as अदर्शः = mirror मलेन = by dust च = also यथा = just as उल्बेन = by the womb आवृतः = is covered गर्भः = embryo तथा = so तेन = by that lust इदं = this आवृतं = is covered. आवृतं = covered ज्ञानं = pure consciousness एतेन = by this ज्ञानिनः = of the knower नित्यवैरिण = by the eternal enemy कामरूपेण = in the form of lust कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti दुष्पूरेण = never to be satisfied अनलेन = by the fire च = also. इन्द्रियाणि = the senses मनः = the mind बुद्धिः = the intelligence अस्य = of this lust अधिष्ठानं = sitting place उच्यते = is called एतैः = by all these विमोहयति = bewilders एषः = this ज्ञानं = knowledge आवृत्य = covering देहिनं = of the embodied. तस्मात् = therefore त्वं = you इन्द्रियाणि = senses आदौ = in the beginning नियम्य = by regulating भरतर्षभ = O chief amongst the descendants of Bharata पाप्मानं = the great symbol of sin प्रजहि = curb हि = certainly एनं = this ज्ञान = of knowledge विज्ञान = and scientific knowledge of the pure soul नाशनं = the destroyer. इन्द्रियाणि = senses पराणि = superior आहुः = are said इन्द्रियेभ्यः = more than the senses परं = superior मनः = the mind मनसः = more than the mind तु = also परा = superior बुद्धिः = intelligence यः = who बुद्धेः = more than the intelligence परतः = superior तु = but सः = he. एवं = thus बुद्धेः = to intelligence परं = superior बुद्ध्वा = knowing संस्तभ्य = by steadying आत्मानं = the mind आत्मना = by deliberate intelligence जहि = conquer शत्रुं = the enemy महाबाहो = O mighty-armed one कामरूपं = in the form of lust दुरासदं = formidable. End of 3.43
श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Supreme Personality of Godhead said इमं = this विवस्वते = unto the sun-god योगं = the science of one's relationship to the Supreme प्रोक्तवान् = instructed अहं = I अव्ययं = imperishable विवस्वान् = Vivasvan (the sun-god's name) मनवे = unto the father of mankind (of the name Vaivasvata) प्राह = told मनुः = the father of mankind इक्ष्वाकवे = unto King Iksvaku अब्रवीत् = said. एवं = thus परम्परा = by disciplic succession प्राप्तं = received इमं = this science राजर्षयः = the saintly kings विदुः = understood सः = that knowledge कालेन = in the course of time इह = in this world महता = great योगः = the science of one's relationship with the Supreme नष्टः = scattered परन्तप = O Arjuna, subduer of the enemies. सः = the same एव = certainly अयं = this मया = by Me ते = unto you अद्य = today योगः = the science of yoga प्रोक्तः = spoken पुरातनः = very old भक्तः = devotee असि = you are मे = My सखा = friend च = also इति = therefore रहस्यं = mystery हि = certainly एतत् = this उत्तमं = transcendental. अर्जुन उवाच = Arjuna said अपरं = junior भवतः = Your जन्म = birth परं = superior जन्म = birth विवस्वतः = of the sun-god कथं = how एतत् = this विजानीयं = shall I understand त्वं = You आदौ = in the beginning प्रोक्तवान् = instructed इति = thus. श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Personality of Godhead said बहूनि = many मे = of Mine व्यतीतानि = have passed जन्मानि = births तव = of yours च = and also अर्जुन = O Arjuna तानि = those अहं = I वेद = do know सर्वाणि = all न = not त्वं = you वेत्थ = know परन्तप = O subduer of the enemy. अजः = unborn अपि = although सन् = being so अव्यय = without deterioration आत्मा = body भूतानां = of all those who are born ईश्वरः = the Supreme Lord अपि = although सन् = being so प्रकृतिं = in the transcendental form स्वां = of Myself अधिष्ठाय = being so situated सम्भवामि = I do incarnate आत्ममायया = by My internal energy. यदा यदा = whenever and wherever हि = certainly धर्मस्य = of religion ग्लानिः = discrepancies भवति = become manifested भारत = O descendant of Bharata अभ्युत्थानं = predominance अधर्मस्य = of irreligion तदा = at that time आत्मानं = self सृजामि = manifest अहं = I. परित्राणाय = for the deliverance साधूनां = of the devotees विनाशाय = for the annihilation च = and दुष्कृतां = of the miscreants धर्म = principles of religion संस्थापनार्थाय = to reestablish सम्भवामि = I do appear युगे = millennium युगे = after millennium. जन्म = birth कर्म = work च = also मे = of Mine दिव्यं = transcendental एवं = like this यः = anyone who वेत्ति = knows तत्त्वतः = in reality त्यक्त्वा = leaving aside देहं = this body पुनः = again जन्म = birth न = never एति = does attain मां = unto Me एति = does attain सः = he अर्जुन = O Arjuna. वीत = freed from राग = attachment भय = fear क्रोधः = and anger मन्मया = fully in Me मां = in Me उपाश्रिताः = being fully situated बहवः = many ज्ञान = of knowledge तपसा = by the penance पूताः = being purified मद्भावं = transcendental love for Me आगताः = attained. ये = all who यथा = as मां = unto Me प्रपद्यन्ते = surrender तान् = them तथा = so एव = certainly भजामि = reward अहं = I मम = My वर्त्म = path अनुवर्तन्ते = follow मनुष्याः = all men पार्थ = O son of Pritha सर्वशः = in all respects. काङ्क्षन्तः = desiring कर्मणां = of fruitive activities सिद्धिं = perfection यजन्ते = they worship by sacrifices इह = in the material world देवताः = the demigods क्षिप्रं = very quickly हि = certainly मानुषे = in human society लोके = within this world सिद्धिः = success भवति = comes कर्मजा = from fruitive work. चातुर्वर्ण्यं = the four divisions of human society मया = by Me सृष्ट्वा = created गुण = of quality कर्म = and work विभागशः = in terms of division तस्य = of that कर्तारं = the father अपि = although मां = Me विद्धि = you may know अकर्तारं = as the nondoer अव्ययं = unchangeable. न = never मां = Me कर्माणि = all kinds of work लिम्पन्ति = do affect न = nor मे = My कर्मफले = in fruitive action स्पृहा = aspiration इति = thus मां = Me यः = one who अभिजानाति = does know कर्मभिः = by the reaction of such work न = never सः = he बध्यते = becomes entangled. एवं = thus ज्ञात्वा = knowing well कृतं = was performed कर्म = work पूर्वैः = by past authorities अपि = indeed मुमुक्षुभिः = who attained liberation कुरु = just perform कर्म = prescribed duty एव = certainly तस्मात् = therefore त्वं = you पूर्वैः = by the predecessors पूर्वतरं = in ancient times कृतं = as performed. किं = what is कर्म = action किं = what is अकर्म = inaction इति = thus कवयः = the intelligent अपि = also अत्र = in this matter मोहिताः = are bewildered तत् = that ते = unto you कर्म = work प्रवक्ष्यामि = I shall explain यत् = which ज्ञात्वा = knowing मोक्ष्यसे = you will be liberated अशुभात् = from ill fortune. कर्मणः = of work हि = certainly अपि = also बोद्धव्यं = should be understood बोद्धव्यं = should be understood च = also विकर्मणः = of forbidden work अकर्मणः = of inaction च = also बोद्धव्यं = should be understood गहना = very difficult कर्मणः = of work गतिः = entrance. कर्मणि = in action अकर्म = inaction यः = one who पश्येत् = observes अकर्मणि = in inaction च = also कर्म = fruitive action यः = one who सः = he बुद्धिमान् = is intelligent मनुष्येषु = in human society सः = he युक्तः = is in the transcendental position कृत्स्नकर्मकृत् = although engaged in all activities. यस्य = one whose सर्वे = all sorts of समारम्भाः = attempts काम = based on desire for sense gratification सङ्कल्प = determination वर्जिताः = are devoid of ज्ञान = of perfect knowledge अग्नि = by the fire दग्ध = burned कर्माणां = whose work तं = him आहुः = declare पण्डितं = learned बुधाः = those who know. त्यक्त्वा = having given up कर्मफलासङ्गं = attachment for fruitive results नित्य = always तृप्तः = being satisfied निराश्रयः = without any shelter कर्मणि = in activity अभिप्रवृत्तः = being fully engaged अपि = in spite of न = does not एव = certainly किञ्चित् = anything करोति = do सः = he. निराशीः = without desire for the result यत = controlled चित्तात्मा = mind and intelligence त्यक्त = giving up सर्व = all परिग्रहः = sense of proprietorship over possessions शारीरं = in keeping body and soul together केवलं = only कर्म = work कुर्वान् = doing न = never आप्नोति = does acquire किल्बिशं = sinful reactions. यदृच्छा = out of its own accord लाभ = with gain सन्तुष्टः = satisfied द्वन्द्व = duality अतीतः = surpassed विमत्सरः = free from envy समः = steady सिद्धौ = in success असिद्धौ = failure च = also कृत्वा = doing अपि = although न = never निबध्यते = becomes affected. गतसङ्गस्य = of one unattached to the modes of material nature मुक्तस्य = of the liberated ज्ञानावस्थित = situated in transcendence चेतसः = whose wisdom यज्ञाय = for the sake of Yajna (KRiShNa) आचरतः = acting कर्म = work समग्रं = in total प्रविलीयते = merges entirely. ब्रह्म = spiritual in nature अर्पणं = contribution ब्रह्म = the Supreme हविः = butter ब्रह्म = spiritual अग्नौ = in the fire of consummation ब्रह्मणा = by the spirit soul हुतं = offered ब्रह्म = spiritual kingdom एव = certainly तेन = by him गन्तव्यं = to be reached ब्रह्म = spiritual कर्म = in activities समाधिना = by complete absorption. दैवं = in worshiping the demigods एव = like this अपरे = some others यज्ञं = sacrifices योगिनः = mystics पर्युपासते = worship perfectly ब्रह्म = of the Absolute Truth अग्नौ = in the fire अपरे = others यज्ञं = sacrifice यज्ञेन = by sacrifice एव = thus उपजुह्वति = offer. श्रोत्रादीनि = such as the hearing process इन्द्रियाणि = senses अन्ये = others संयम = of restraint अग्निषु = in the fires जुह्वति = offer शब्दादिन् = sound vibration, etc. विषयान् = objects of sense gratification अन्ये = others इन्द्रिय = of the sense organs अग्निषु = in the fires जुह्वति = they sacrifice. सर्वाणि = of all इन्द्रिय = the senses कर्माणि = functions प्राणकर्माणि = functions of the life breath च = also अपरे = others आत्मसंयम = of controlling the mind योग = the linking process अग्नौ = in the fire of जुह्वति = offer ज्ञानदीपिते = because of the urge for self-realization. द्रव्ययज्ञाः = sacrificing one's possessions तपोयज्ञाः = sacrifice in austerities योगयज्ञाः = sacrifice in eightfold mysticism तथा = thus अपरे = others स्वाध्याय = sacrifice in the study of the Vedas ज्ञानयज्ञाः = sacrifice in advancement of transcendental knowledge च = also यतयः = enlightened persons संशितव्रताः = taken to strict vows. अपाने = in the air which acts downward जुह्वति = offer प्राणं = the air which acts outward प्राणे = in the air going outward अपानं = the air going downward तथा = as also अपरे = others प्राण = of the air going outward अपान = and the air going downward गति = the movement रुद्ध्वा = checking प्राणायाम = trance induced by stopping all breathing परायणाः = so inclined अपरे = others नियत = having controlled आहाराः = eating प्राणान् = the outgoing air प्राणेषु = in the outgoing air जुह्वति = sacrifice. सर्वे = all अपि = although apparently different एते = these यज्ञविदः = conversant with the purpose of performing sacrifices यज्ञक्षपित = being cleansed as the result of such performances कल्मषाः = of sinful reactions यज्ञशिष्ट = of the result of such performances of yajna अमृतभुजः = those who have tasted such nectar यान्ति = do approach ब्रह्म = the supreme सनातनं = eternal atmosphere. न = never अयं = this लोकाः = planet अस्ति = there is अयज्ञस्य = for one who performs no sacrifice कुतः = where is अन्यः = the other कुरुसत्तम = O best amongst the Kurus. एवं = thus बहुविधाः = various kinds of यज्ञाः = sacrifices विततः = are spread ब्रह्मणः = of the Vedas मुखे = through the mouth कर्मजान् = born of work विद्धि = you should know तान् = them सर्वान् = all एवं = thus ज्ञात्वा = knowing विमोक्ष्यसे = you will be liberated. श्रेयान् = greater द्रव्यमयात् = of material possessions यज्ञात् = than the sacrifice ज्ञानयज्ञः = sacrifice in knowledge परन्तप = O chastiser of the enemy सर्वं = all कर्म = activities अखिलं = in totality पार्थ = O son of Pritha ज्ञाने = in knowledge परिसमप्यते = end. तत् = that knowledge of different sacrifices विद्धि = try to understand प्रणिपातेन = by approaching a spiritual master परिप्रश्नेन = by submissive inquiries सेवया = by the rendering of service उपदेक्ष्यन्ति = they will initiate ते = you ज्ञानं = into knowledge ज्ञानिनः = the self-realized तत्त्व = of the truth दर्शिनः = seers. यत् = which ज्ञात्वा = knowing न = never पुनः = again मोहं = to illusion एवं = like this यास्यसि = you shall go पाण्डव = O son of Pandu येन = by which भूतानि = living entities अशेषाणि = all द्रक्ष्यसि = you will see आत्मनि = in the Supreme Soul अथौ = or in other words मयि = in Me. अपि = even चेत् = if असि = you are पापेभ्यः = of sinners सर्वेभ्यः = of all पापकृत्तमः = the greatest sinner सर्वं = all such sinful reactions ज्ञानप्लवेन = by the boat of transcendental knowledge एव = certainly वृजनं = the ocean of miseries सन्तरिष्यसि = you will cross completely. यथा = just as एधांसि = firewood समिद्धः = blazing अग्निः = fire भस्मसात् = ashes कुरुते = turns अर्जुन = O Arjuna ज्ञानाग्निः = the fire of knowledge सर्वकर्माणि = all reactions to material activities भस्मसात् = to ashes कुरुते = it turns तथा = similarly. न = notHing हि = certainly ज्ञानेन = with knowledge सदृशं = in comparison पवित्रं = sanctified इह = in this world विद्यते = exists तत् = that स्वयं = himself योग = in devotion संसिद्धः = he who is mature कालेन = in course of time आत्मनि = in himself विन्दति = enjoys. श्रद्धावान् = a faithful man लभते = achieves ज्ञानं = knowledge तत्परः = very much attached to it संयत = controlled इन्द्रियः = senses ज्ञानं = knowledge लब्ध्वा = having achieved परां = transcendental शान्तिं = peace अचिरेण = very soon अधिगच्छति = attains. अज्ञः = a fool who has no knowledge in standard scriptures च = and अश्रद्दधानः = without faith in revealed scriptures च = also संशय = of doubts आत्मा = a person विनश्यति = falls back न = never अयं = in this लोकः = world अस्ति = there is न = nor परः = in the next life न = not सुखं = happiness संशय = doubtful आत्मनः = of the person. योग = by devotional service in karma-yoga संन्यस्त = one who has renounced कर्माणं = the fruits of actions ज्ञान = by knowledge सञ्छिन्न = cut संशयं = doubts आत्मवन्तं = situated in the self न = never कर्माणि = works निबध्नन्ति = do bind धनञ्जय = O conqueror of riches. तस्मात् = therefore अज्ञानसम्भूतं = born of ignorance हृत्स्थं = situated in the heart ज्ञान = of knowledge आसिन = by the weapon आत्मनः = of the self छित्त्वा = cutting off एनं = this संशयं = doubt योगं = in yoga आतिष्ठ = be situated उत्तिष्ठ = stand up to fight भारत = O descendant of Bharata. End of 4.42
अर्जुन उवाच = Arjuna said संन्यासं = renunciation कर्मणां = of all activities कृष्ण = O KRiShNa पुनः = again योगं = devotional service च = also शंससि = You are praising यत् = which श्रेयः = is more beneficial एतयोः = of these two एकं = one तत् = that मे = unto me ब्रूहि = please tell सुनिश्चितं = definitely. श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Personality of Godhead said संन्यासः = renunciation of work कर्मयोगः = work in devotion च = also निःश्रेयसकरौ = leading to the path of liberation उभौ = both तयोः = of the two तु = but कर्मसंन्यासात् = in comparison to the renunciation of fruitive work कर्मयोगः = work in devotion विशिष्यते = is better. ज्ञेयः = should be known सः = he नित्य = always संन्यासी = renouncer यः = who न = never द्वेष्टि = abhors न = nor काङ्क्षति = desires निर्द्वन्द्वः = free from all dualities हि = certainly महाबाहो = O mighty-armed one सुखं = happily बन्धात् = from bondage प्रमुच्यते = is completely liberated. साङ्ख्य = analytical study of the material world योगौ = work in devotional service पृथक् = different बालाः = the less intelligent प्रवदन्ति = say न = never पण्डिताः = the learned एकं = in one अपि = even आस्थितः = being situated सम्यक् = complete उभयोः = of both विन्दते = enjoys फलं = the result. यत् = what साङ्ख्यैः = by means of Sankhya philosophy प्राप्यते = is achieved स्थानं = place तत् = that योगैः = by devotional service अपि = also गम्यते = one can attain एकं = one साङ्ख्यं = analytical study च = and योगं = action in devotion च = and यः = one who पश्यति = sees सः = he पश्यति = actually sees. संन्यासः = the renounced order of life तु = but महाबाहो = O mighty-armed one दुःखं = distress आप्तुं = afflicts one with अयोगतः = without devotional service योगयुक्तः = one engaged in devotional service मुनिः = a thinker ब्रह्म = the Supreme न चिरेण = without delay अधिगच्छति = attains. योगयुक्तः = engaged in devotional service विशुद्धात्मा = a purified soul विजितात्मा = self-controlled जितेन्द्रियः = having conquered the senses सर्वभूत = to all living entities आत्मभूतात्मा = compassionate कुर्वन्नपि = although engaged in work न = never लिप्यते = is entangled. न = never एव = certainly किञ्चित् = anything करोमि = I do इति = thus युक्तः = engaged in the divine consciousness मन्येत = thinks तत्त्ववित् = one who knows the truth पश्यन् = seeing शृण्वन् = hearing स्पृशन् = touching जिघ्रन् = smelling अश्नन् = eating गच्छन् = going स्वपन् = dreaming श्वसन् = breathing प्रलपन् = talking विसृजन् = giving up गृह्णन् = accepting उन्मिषन् = opening निमिषन् = closing अपि = in spite of इन्द्रियाणि = the senses इन्द्रियार्थेषु = in sense gratification वर्तन्ते = let them be so engaged इति = thus धारयन् = considering. ब्रह्मणि = unto the Supreme Personality of Godhead आधाय = resigning कर्माणि = all works सङ्गं = attachment त्यक्त्वा = giving up करोति = performs यः = who लिप्यते = is affected न = never सः = he पापेन = by sin पद्मपत्रं = a lotus leaf इव = like अम्भसा = by the water. कायेन = with the body मनसा = with the mind बुद्ध्या = with the intelligence केवलैः = purified इन्द्रियैः = with the senses अपि = even योगिनः = KRiShNa conscious persons कर्म = actions कुर्वन्ति = they perform सङ्गं = attachment त्यक्त्वा = giving up आत्म = of the self शुद्धये = for the purpose of purification. युक्तः = one who is engaged in devotional service कर्मफलं = the results of all activities त्यक्त्वा = giving up शन्तिं = perfect peace आप्नोति = achieves नैष्ठिकीं = unflinching अयुक्तः = one who is not in KRiShNa consciousness कामकारेण = for enjoying the result of work फले = in the result सक्ताः = attached निबध्यते = becomes entangled. सर्व = all कर्माणि = activities मनसा = by the mind संन्यस्य = giving up आस्ते = remains सुखं = in happiness वशी = one who is controlled नवद्वारे = in the place where there are nine gates पुरे = in the city देही = the embodied soul न = never एव = certainly कुर्वन् = doing anything न = not कारयन् = causing to be done. न = never कर्तृत्वं = proprietorship न = nor कर्माणि = activities लोकस्य = of the people सृजति = creates प्रभुः = the master of the city of the body न = nor कर्मफल = with the results of activities संयोगं = connection स्वभावः = the modes of material nature तु = but प्रवर्तते = act. न = never आदत्ते = accepts कस्यचित् = anyone's पापं = sin न = nor च = also एव = certainly सुकृतं = pious activities विभुः = the Supreme Lord अज्ञानेन = by ignorance आवृतं = covered ज्ञानं = knowledge तेन = by that मुह्यन्ति = are bewildered जन्तवः = the living entities. ज्ञानेन = by knowledge तु = but तत् = that अज्ञानं = nescience येषां = whose नाशितं = is destroyed आत्मनः = of the living entity तेषां = their आदित्यवत् = like the rising sun ज्ञानं = knowledge प्रकाशयति = discloses तत्परं = KRiShNa consciousness. तत्बुद्धयः = those whose intelligence is always in the Supreme तदात्मानः = those whose minds are always in the Supreme तन्निष्ठाः = those whose faith is only meant for the Supreme तत्परायणः = who have completely taken shelter of Him गच्छन्ति = go अपुनरावृत्तिं = to liberation ज्ञान = by knowledge निर्धूत = cleansed कल्मषाः = misgivings. विद्या = with education विनय = and gentleness सम्पन्ने = fully equipped ब्राह्मणे = in the brahmana गवि = in the cow हस्तिनि = in the elephant शुनि = in the dog च = and एव = certainly श्वपाके = in the dog-eater (the outcaste) च = respectively पण्डिताः = those who are wise समदर्शिनः = who see with equal vision. इह = in this life एव = certainly तैः = by them जितः = conquered सर्गः = birth and death येषां = whose साम्ये = in equanimity स्थितं = situated मनः = mind निर्दोषं = flawless हि = certainly समं = in equanimity ब्रह्म = like the Supreme तस्मात् = therefore ब्रह्मणि = in the Supreme ते = they स्थिताः = are situated. न = never प्रहृष्येत् = rejoices प्रियं = the pleasant प्राप्य = achieving न = does not उद्विजेत् = become agitated प्राप्य = obtaining च = also अप्रियं = the unpleasant स्थिरबुद्धिः = self-intelligent असम्मूढाः = unbewildered ब्रह्मवित् = one who knows the Supreme perfectly ब्रह्मणि = in the transcendence स्थितः = situated. बाह्यस्पर्शेषु = in external sense pleasure असक्तात्मा = one who is not attached विन्दति = enjoys आत्मनि = in the self यत् = that which सुखं = happiness सः = he ब्रह्मयोग = by concentration in Brahman युक्तात्मा = self-connected सुखं = happiness अक्षयं = unlimited अश्नुते = enjoys. ये = those हि = certainly संस्पर्शजाः = by contact with the material senses भोगाः = enjoyments दुःख = distress योनयः = sources of एव = certainly ते = they are आदि = beginning अन्त = end वन्तः = subject to कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti न = never तेषु = in those रमते = takes delight बुधः = the intelligent person. शक्नोति = is able इहैव = in the present body यः = one who सोढुं = to tolerate प्राक् = before शरीर = the body विमोक्षणात् = giving up काम = desire क्रोध = and anger उद्भवं = generated from वेगं = urges सः = he युक्तः = in trance सः = he सुखी = happy नरः = human being. यः = one who अन्तर्सुखः = happy from within अन्तरारामः = actively enjoying within तथा = as well as अन्तर्ज्योतिः = aiming within एव = certainly यः = anyone सः = he योगी = a mystic ब्रह्मनिर्वाणं = liberation in the Supreme ब्रह्मभूतः = being self-realized अधिगच्छति = attains. लभन्ते = achieve ब्रह्मनिर्वाणं = liberation in the Supreme ऋषयः = those who are active within क्षीणकल्मषाः = who are devoid of all sins छिन्न = having torn off द्वैधाः = duality यतात्मनाः = engaged in self-realization सर्वभूत = for all living entities हिते = in welfare work रताः = engaged. काम = from desires क्रोध = and anger विमुक्तानां = of those who are liberated यतीनां = of the saintly persons यतचेतसां = who have full control over the mind अभितः = assured in the near future ब्रह्मनिर्वाणं = liberation in the Supreme वर्तते = is there विदितात्मनां = of those who are self-realized. स्पर्शान् = sense objects, such as sound कृत्वा = keeping बहिः = external बाह्यान् = unnecessary चक्षुः = eyes च = also एव = certainly अन्तरे = between भ्रुवोः = the eyebrows प्राणापानौ = up-and down-moving air समौ = in suspension कृत्वा = keeping नासाभ्यन्तर = within the nostrils चारिणौ = blowing यत = controlled इन्द्रिय = senses मनः = mind बुद्धिः = intelligence मुनिः = the transcendentalist मोक्ष = for liberation परायणः = being so destined विगत = having discarded इच्छा = wishes भय = fear क्रोधः = anger यः = one who सदा = always मुक्तः = liberated एव = certainly सः = he is. भोक्तारं = the beneficiary यज्ञ = of sacrifices तपसां = and penances and austerities सर्वलोक = of all planets and the demigods thereof महेश्वरं = the Supreme Lord सुहृदं = the benefactor सर्व = of all भूतानां = the living entities ज्ञात्वा = thus knowing मां = Me (Lord KRiShNa) शान्तिं = relief from material pangs ऋच्छति = one achieves. End of 5.29
श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Lord said अनाश्रितः = without taking shelter कर्मफलं = of the result of work कार्यं = obligatory कर्म = work करोति = performs यः = one who सः = he संन्यासी = in the renounced order च = also योगी = mystic च = also न = not निः = without अग्निः = fire न = nor च = also अक्रियाः = without duty. यं = what संन्यासं = renunciation इति = thus प्राहुः = they say योगं = linking with the Supreme तं = that विद्धि = you must know पाण्डव = O son of Pandu न = never हि = certainly असंन्यस्त = without giving up सङ्कल्पः = desire for self-satisfaction योगी = a mystic transcendentalist भवति = becomes कश्चन = anyone. आरुरुक्षोः = who has just begun yoga मुनेः = of the sage योगं = the eightfold yoga system कर्म = work कारणं = the means उच्यते = is said to be योग = eightfold yoga आरूढस्य = of one who has attained तस्य = his एव = certainly शमः = cessation of all material activities करणं = the means उच्यते = is said to be. यदा = when हि = certainly न = not इन्द्रियार्थेषु = in sense gratification न = never कर्मसु = in fruitive activities अनुषज्जते = one necessarily engages सर्वसङ्कल्प = of all material desires संन्यासी = renouncer योगारूढः = elevated in yoga तदा = at that time उच्यते = is said to be. उद्धरेत् = one must deliver आत्मना = by the mind आत्मानं = the conditioned soul न = never आत्मानं = the conditioned soul अवसादयेत् = put into degradation आत्मा = mind एव = certainly हि = indeed आत्मनः = of the conditioned soul बन्धुः = friend आत्मा = mind एव = certainly रिपुः = enemy आत्मनः = of the conditioned soul. बन्धुः = friend आत्मा = the mind आत्मनः = of the living entity तस्य = of him येन = by whom आत्मा = the mind एव = certainly आत्मना = by the living entity जितः = conquered अनात्मनः = of one who has failed to control the mind तु = but शत्रुत्वे = because of enmity वर्तेत = remains आत्मैव = the very mind शत्रुवत् = as an enemy. जितात्मनः = of one who has conquered his mind प्रशान्तस्य = who has attained tranquillity by such control over the mind परमात्मा = the Supersoul समाहितः = approached completely शीत = in cold उष्ण = heat सुख = happiness दुःखेषु = and distress तथा = also मान = in honor अपमानयोः = and dishonor. ज्ञान = by acquired knowledge विज्ञान = and realized knowledge तृप्त = satisfied आत्मा = a living entity कूटस्थः = spiritually situated विजितेन्द्रियः = sensually controlled युक्तः = competent for self-realization इति = thus उच्यते = is said योगी = a mystic सम = equipoised लोष्ट्र = pebbles अश्म = stone काञ्चनः = gold. सुहृत् = to well-wishers by nature मित्र = benefactors with affection अरि = enemies उदासीन = neutrals between belligerents मध्यस्थ = mediators between belligerents द्वेष्य = the envious बन्धुषु = and the relatives or well-wishers साधुषु = unto the pious अपि = as well as च = and पापेषु = unto the sinners समबुद्धिः = having equal intelligence विशिष्यते = is far advanced. योगी = a transcendentalist युञ्जीत = must concentrate in KRiShNa consciousness सततं = constantly आत्मानं = himself (by body, mind and self) रहसि = in a secluded place स्थितः = being situated एकाकी = alone यतचित्तात्मा = always careful in mind निराशीः = without being attracted by anything else अपरिग्रहः = free from the feeling of possessiveness. शुचौ = in a sanctified देशे = land प्रतिष्ठाप्य = placing स्थिरं = firm आसनं = seat आत्मनः = his own न = not अति = too उच्छ्रितं = high न = nor अति = too नीचं = low चैलाजिन = of soft cloth and deerskin कुश = and kusa grass उत्तरं = covering तत्र = thereupon एकाग्रं = with one attention मनः = mind कृत्वा = making यतचित्त = controlling the mind इन्द्रिय = senses क्रियः = and activities उपविश्य = sitting आसने = on the seat युञ्ज्यात् = should execute योगं = yoga practice आत्मा = the heart विशुद्धये = for clarifying. समं = straight काय = body शिरः = head ग्रीवं = neck धारयन् = holding अचलं = unmoving स्थिरः = still सम्प्रेक्ष्य = looking नासिका = of the nose अग्रं = at the tip स्वं = own दिशः = on all sides च = also अनवलोकयान् = not looking प्रशान्त = unagitated आत्मा = mind विगतभीः = devoid of fear ब्रह्मचारिव्रते = in the vow of celibacy स्थितः = situated मनः = mind संयम्य = completely subduing मत् = upon Me (KRiShNa) चित्तः = concentrating the mind युक्तः = the actual yogi आसीत = should sit मत् = Me परः = the ultimate goal. युञ्जन् = practicing एवं = as mentioned above सदा = constantly आत्मानं = body, mind and soul योगी = the mystic transcendentalist नियतमनसः = with a regulated mind शान्तिं = peace निर्वाणपरमां = cessation of material existence मत्संस्थां = the spiritual sky (the kingdom of God) अधिगच्छति = does attain. न = never अति = too much अश्नतः = of one who eats तु = but योगः = linking with the Supreme अस्ति = there is न = nor च = also एकान्तं = overly अनश्नतः = abstaining from eating न = nor च = also अति = too much स्वप्नशीलस्य = of one who sleeps जग्रतः = or one who keeps night watch too much न = not एव = ever च = and अर्जुन = O Arjuna. युक्त = regulated आहार = eating विहारस्य = recreation युक्त = regulated चेष्टस्य = of one who works for maintenance कर्मसु = in discharging duties युक्त = regulated स्वप्नावबोधस्य = sleep and wakefulness योगः = practice of yoga भवति = becomes दुःखहा = diminishing pains. यदा = when विनियतं = particularly disciplined चित्तं = the mind and its activities आत्मनि = in the transcendence एव = certainly अवतिष्ठते = becomes situated निस्पृहः = devoid of desire सर्व = for all kinds of कामेभ्यः = material sense gratification युक्तः = well situated in yoga इति = thus उच्यते = is said to be तदा = at that time. यथा = as दीपः = a lamp निवातस्थः = in a place without wind न = does not इङ्गते = waver सा = this उपमा = comparison स्मृता = is considered योगिनः = of the yogi यतचित्तस्य = whose mind is controlled युञ्जतः = constantly engaged योगं = in meditation आत्मनः = on transcendence. यत्र = in that state of affairs where उपरमते = cease (because one feels transcendental happiness) चित्तं = mental activities निरुद्धं = being restrained from matter योगसेवया = by performance of yoga यत्र = in which च = also एव = certainly आत्मना = by the pure mind आत्मानं = the self पश्यन् = realizing the position of आत्मनि = in the self तुष्यति = one becomes satisfied सुखं = happiness आत्यन्तिकं = supreme यत् = which तत् = that बुद्धि = by intelligence ग्राह्यं = accessible अतीन्द्रियं = transcendental वेत्ति = one knows यत्र = wherein न = never च = also एव = certainly अयं = he स्थितः = situated चलति = moves तत्त्वतः = from the truth यं = that which लब्ध्वा = by attainment च = also अपरं = any other लाभं = gain मन्यते = considers न = never अधिकं = more ततः = than that यस्मिन् = in which स्थितः = being situated न = never दुःखेन = by miseries गुरुणापि = even though very difficult विचाल्यते = becomes shaken तं = that विद्यात् = you must know दुःखसंयोग = of the miseries of material contact वियोगं = extermination योगसंज्ञितं = called trance in yoga. सः = that निश्चयेन = with firm determination योक्तव्यः = must be practiced योगः = yoga system अनिर्विण्णचेतस = without deviation सङ्कल्प = mental speculations प्रभवान् = born of कामान् = material desires त्यक्त्वा = giving up सर्वान् = all अशेषतः = completely मनसा = by the mind एव = certainly इन्द्रियग्रामं = the full set of senses विनियम्य = regulating समन्ततः = from all sides. शनैः = gradually शनैः = step by step उपरमेत् = one should hold back बुद्ध्या = by intelligence धृतिगृहीतया = carried by conviction आत्मसंस्थं = placed in transcendence मनः = mind कृत्वा = making न = not किञ्चित् = anything else अपि = even चिन्तयेत् = should think of. यतस्यतः = wherever निश्चलति = becomes verily agitated मनः = the mind चञ्चलं = flickering अस्थिरं = unsteady ततस्ततः = from there नियम्य = regulating एतत् = this आत्मनि = in the self एव = certainly वशं = control नयेत् = must bring under. प्रशान्त = peaceful, fixed on the lotus feet of KRiShNa मनसं = whose mind हि = certainly एनं = this योगिनं = yogi सुखं = happiness उत्तमं = the highest उपैति = attains शान्तरजसं = his passion pacified ब्रह्मभूतं = liberation by identification with the Absolute अकल्मषं = freed from all past sinful reactions. युञ्जन् = engaging in yoga practice एवं = thus सदा = always आत्मानं = the self योगी = one who is in touch with the Supreme Self विगत = freed from कल्मषः = all material contamination सुखेन = in transcendental happiness ब्रह्मसंस्पर्शं = being in constant touch with the Supreme अत्यन्तं = the highest सुखं = happiness अश्नुते = attains. सर्वभूतस्थं = situated in all beings आत्मानं = the Supersoul सर्व = all भूतानी = entities च = also आत्मनि = in the self ईक्षते = does see योगयुक्तात्मा = one who is dovetailed in KRiShNa consciousness सर्वत्र = everywhere समदर्शनः = seeing equally. यः = whoever मां = Me पश्यति = sees सर्वत्र = everywhere सर्वं = everything च = and मयि = in Me पश्यति = sees तस्य = for him अहं = I न = not प्रणश्यामि = am lost सः = he च = also मे = to Me न = nor प्रणश्यति = is lost. सर्वभूतस्थितं = situated in everyone's heart यः = he who मां = Me भजति = serves in devotional service एकत्वं = in oneness आस्थितः = situated सर्वथा = in all respects वर्तमानः = being situated अपि = in spite of सः = he योगी = the transcendentalist मयि = in Me वर्तते = remains. आत्मा = with his self औपम्येन = by comparison सर्वत्र = everywhere समं = equally पश्यति = sees यः = he who अर्जुन = O Arjuna सुखं = happiness वा = or यदि = if वा = or दुःखं = distress सः = such योगी = a transcendentalist परमः = perfect मतः = is considered. अर्जुन उवाच = Arjuna said योऽयं = this system योगः = mysticism त्वया = by You प्रोक्तः = described साम्येन = generally मधुसूदन = O killer of the demon Madhu एतस्य = of this अहं = I न = do not पश्यामि = see चञ्चलत्वात् = due to being restless स्थितिं = situation स्थिरां = stable. चञ्चलं = flickering हि = certainly मनः = mind कृष्ण = O KRiShNa प्रमाथि = agitating बलवत् = strong दृढं = obstinate तस्य = its अहं = I निग्रहं = subduing मन्ये = think वायोः = of the wind इव = like सुदुष्करं = difficult. श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Personality of Godhead said असंशयं = undoubtedly महाबाहो = O mighty-armed one मनः = the mind दुर्निग्रहं = difficult to curb चलं = flickering अभ्यासेन = by practice तु = but कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti वैराग्येण = by detachment च = also गृह्यते = can be so controlled. असंयता = unbridled आत्मना = by the mind योगः = self-realization दुष्प्रापः = difficult to obtain इति = thus मे = My मतिः = opinion वश्य = controlled आत्मना = by the mind तु = but यतता = while endeavoring शक्यः = practical अवाप्तुं = to achieve उपायतः = by appropriate means. अर्जुन उवाच = Arjuna said अयतिः = the unsuccessful transcendentalist श्रद्धया = with faith उपेतः = engaged योगात् = from the mystic link चलित = deviated मानसः = who has such a mind अप्राप्य = failing to attain योगसंसिद्धिं = the highest perfection in mysticism कां = which गतिं = destination कृष्ण = O KRiShNa गच्छति = achieves. कच्चित् = whether न = not उभय = both विभ्रष्टः = deviated from छिन्न = torn अभ्रं = cloud इव = like नश्यति = perishes अप्रतिष्ठः = without any position महाबाहो = O mighty-armed KRiShNa विमूढः = bewildered ब्रह्मणः = of transcendence पथि = on the path. एतत् = this is मे = my संशयं = doubt कृष्ण = O KRiShNa छेत्तुं = to dispel अर्हसि = You are requested अशेषतः = completely त्वत् = than You अन्यः = other संशयस्य = of the doubt अस्य = this छेत्ता = remover न = never हि = certainly उपपद्यते = is to be found. श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Supreme Personality of Godhead said पार्थ = O son of Pritha नैव = never is it so इह = in this material world न = never अमुत्र = in the next life विनाशः = destruction तस्य = his विद्यते = exists न = never हि = certainly कल्याणकृत् = one who is engaged in auspicious activities कश्चित् = anyone दुर्गतिं = to degradation तात = My friend गच्छति = goes. प्राप्य = after achieving पुण्यकृतं = of those who performed pious activities लोकान् = planets उषित्वा = after dwelling शाश्वतीः = many समाः = years शुचीनां = of the pious श्रीमतं = of the prosperous गेहे = in the house योगभ्रष्टः = one who has fallen from the path of self-realization अभिजायते = takes his birth. अथवा = or योगिनां = of learned transcendentalists एव = certainly कुले = in the family भवति = takes birth धीमतां = of those who are endowed with great wisdom एतत् = this हि = certainly दुर्लभतरं = very rare लोके = in this world जन्म = birth यत् = that which ईदृषं = like this. तत्र = thereupon तं = that बुद्धिसंयोगं = revival of consciousness लभते = gains पौर्वदेहिकं = from the previous body यतते = he endeavors च = also ततः = thereafter भूयः = again संसिद्धौ = for perfection कुरुनन्दन = O son of Kuru. पूर्व = previous अभ्यासेन = by practice तेन = by that एव = certainly ह्रियते = is attracted हि = surely अवशः = automatically अपि = also सः = he जिज्ञासुः = inquisitive अपि = even योगस्य = about yoga शब्दब्रह्म = ritualistic principles of scriptures अतिवर्तते = transcends. प्रयत्नात् = by rigid practice यतमानः = endeavoring तु = and योगी = such a transcendentalist संशुद्ध = washed off किल्बिषः = all of whose sins अनेक = after many, many जन्म = births संसिद्धः = having achieved perfection ततः = thereafter याति = attains परां = the highest गतिं = destination. तपस्विभ्यः = than the ascetics अधिकः = greater योगी = the yogi ज्ञानिभ्यः = than the wise अपि = also मतः = considered अधिकः = greater कर्मिभ्यः = than the fruitive workers च = also अधिकः = greater योगी = the yogi तस्मात् = therefore योगी = a transcendentalist भव = just become अर्जुन = O Arjuna. योगिनां = of yogis अपि = also सर्वेषां = all types of मद्गतेन = abiding in Me, always thinking of Me अन्तरात्मना = within himself श्रद्धावान् = in full faith भजते = renders transcendental loving service यः = one who मां = to Me (the Supreme Lord) सः = he मे = by Me युक्ततमः = the greatest yogi मतः = is considered. End of 6.47
श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Supreme Lord said मयि = to Me आसक्तमनाः = mind attached पार्थ = O son of Pritha योगं = self-realization युञ्जन् = practicing मदाश्रयः = in consciousness of Me (KRiShNa consciousness) असंशयं = without doubt समग्रं = completely मां = Me यथा = how ज्ञास्यसि = you can know तत् = that शृणु = try to hear. ज्ञानं = phenomenal knowledge ते = unto you अहं = I स = with विज्ञानं = numinous knowledge इदं = this वक्ष्यामि = shall explain अशेषतः = in full यत् = which ज्ञात्वा = knowing न = not इह = in this world भूयः = further अन्यत् = anything more ज्ञातव्यं = knowable अवशिष्यते = remains. मनुष्याणां = of men सहस्रेषु = out of many thousands कश्चित् = someone यतति = endeavors सिद्धये = for perfection यततां = of those so endeavoring अपि = indeed सिद्धानां = of those who have achieved perfection कश्चित् = someone मां = Me वेत्ति = does know तत्त्वतः = in fact. भूमिः = earth आपः = water अनलः = fire वायुः = air खं = ether मनः = mind बुद्धिः = intelligence एव = certainly च = and अहङ्कारः = false ego इति = thus इयं = all these मे = My भिन्ना = separated प्रकृतिः = energies अष्टधा = eightfold. अपरा = inferior इयं = this इतः = besides this तु = but अन्यां = another प्रकृतिं = energy विद्धि = just try to understand मे = My परं = superior जिवभूतां = comprising the living entities महाबाहो = O mighty-armed one यया = by whom इदं = this धार्यते = is utilized or exploited जगत् = the material world. एतत् = these two natures योनीनि = whose source of birth भूतानि = everything created सर्वाणि = all इति = thus उपधारय = know अहं = I कृत्स्नस्य = all-inclusive जगतः = of the world प्रभवः = the source of manifestation प्रलयः = annihilation तथा = as well as. मत्तः = beyond Me परतरं = superior न = not अन्यत् किञ्चित् = anything else अस्ति = there is धनञ्जय = O conqueror of wealth मयि = in Me सर्वं = all that be इदं = which we see प्रोतं = is strung सूत्रे = on a thread मणिगणाः = pearls इव = like. रसः = taste अहं = I अप्सु = in water कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti प्रभा = the light अस्मि = I am शशिसूर्ययोः = of the moon and the sun प्रणवः = the three letters a-u-m सर्व = in all वेदेषु = the Vedas शब्दः = sound vibration खे = in the ether पौरुषं = ability नृषु = in men. पुण्यः = original गन्धः = fragrance पृथिव्यां = in the earth च = also तेजः = heat च = also अस्मि = I am विभावसौ = in the fire जीवनं = life सर्व = in all भूतेषु = living entities तपः = penance च = also अस्मि = I am तपस्विषु = in those who practice penance. बीजं = the seed मां = Me सर्वभूतानां = of all living entities विद्धि = try to understand पार्थ = O son of Pritha सनातनं = original, eternal बुद्धिः = intelligence बुद्धिमतां = of the intelligent अस्मि = I am तेजः = prowess तेजस्विनां = of the powerful अहं = I am. बलं = strength बलवतां = of the strong च = and अहं = I am काम = passion राग = and attachment विवर्जितं = devoid of धर्माविरुद्धः = not against religious principles भूतेषु = in all beings कामः = sex life अस्मि = I am भरतर्षभ = O lord of the Bharatas. ये = all which च = and एव = certainly सात्त्विकाः = in goodness भावः = states of being राजसः = in the mode of passion तामसाः = in the mode of ignorance च = also ये = all which मत्तः = from Me एव = certainly इति = thus तान् = those विद्धि = try to know न = not तु = but अहं = I तेषु = in them ते = they मयि = in Me. त्रिभिः = three गुणमयैः = consisting of the gunas भावैः = by the states of being एभिः = all these सर्वं = whole इदं = this जगत् = universe मोहितं = deluded नाभिजानाति = does not know मां = Me एभ्यः = above these परं = the Supreme अव्ययं = inexhaustible. दैवी = transcendental हि = certainly एषा = this गुणमयी = consisting of the three modes of material nature मम = My माया = energy दुरत्यया = very difficult to overcome मां = unto Me एव = certainly ये = those who प्रपद्यन्ते = surrender मायामेतां = this illusory energy तरन्ति = overcome ते = they. न = not मां = unto Me दुष्कृतिनः = miscreants मूढः = foolish प्रपद्यन्ते = surrender नराधमाः = lowest among mankind मायया = by the illusory energy अपहृत = stolen ज्ञानः = whose knowledge आसुरं = demonic भावं = nature आश्रिताः = accepting. चतुर्विधाः = four kinds of भजन्ते = render services मां = unto Me जनाः = persons सुकृतिनः = those who are pious अर्जुन = O Arjuna आर्तः = the distressed जिज्ञासुः = the inquisitive अर्थार्थी = one who desires material gain ज्ञानी = one who knows things as they are च = also भरतर्षभ = O great one amongst the descendants of Bharata. तेषां = out of them ज्ञानी = one in full knowledge नित्ययुक्तः = always engaged एक = only भक्तिः = in devotional service विशिष्यते = is special प्रियः = very dear हि = certainly ज्ञानिनः = to the person in knowledge अत्यर्थं = highly अहं = I am सः = he च = also मम = to Me प्रियः = dear. उदाराः = magnanimous सर्व = all एव = certainly एते = these ज्ञानी = one who is in knowledge तु = but आत्मैव = just like Myself मे = My मतं = opinion आस्थितः = situated सः = he हि = certainly युक्तात्मा = engaged in devotional service मां = in Me एव = certainly अनुत्तमां = the highest गतिं = destination. बहूनां = many जन्मनां = repeated births and deaths अन्ते = after ज्ञानवान् = one who is in full knowledge मां = unto Me प्रपद्यते = surrenders वासुदेवः = the Personality of Godhead, KRiShNa सर्वं = everything इति = thus सः = that महात्मा = great soul सुदुर्लभः = very rare to see. कामैः = by desires तैस्तैः = various हृत = deprived of ज्ञानाः = knowledge प्रपद्यन्ते = surrender अन्य = to other देवताः = demigods तं तं = corresponding नियमं = regulations आस्थाय = following प्रकृत्या = by nature नियताः = controlled स्वया = by their own. यस्य = whoever यां यां = whichever तनुं = form of a demigod भक्तः = devotee श्रद्धया = with faith अर्चितुं = to worship इच्छति = desires तस्य तस्य = to him अचलं = steady श्रद्धां = faith तां = that एव = surely विदधामि = give अहं = I. सः = he तया = with that श्रद्धया = inspiration युक्तः = endowed तस्य = of that demigod आराधनं = for the worship ईहते = he aspires लभते = obtains च = and ततः = from that कामान् = his desires मया = by Me एव = alone विहितान् = arranged हि = certainly तान् = those. अन्तवत् = perishable तु = but फलं = fruit तेषां = their तत् = that भवति = becomes अल्पमेधसां = of those of small intelligence देवान् = to the demigods देवयजः = the worshipers of the demigods यान्ति = go मत् = My भक्ताः = devotees यान्ति = go मां = to Me अपि = also. अव्यक्तं = nonmanifested व्यक्तिं = personality आपन्नं = achieved मन्यन्ते = think मां = Me अबुद्धयः = less intelligent persons परं = supreme भावं = existence अजानन्तः = without knowing मम = My अव्ययं = imperishable अनुत्तमं = the finest. न = nor अहं = I प्रकाशः = manifest सर्वस्य = to everyone योगमाया = by internal potency समावृतः = covered मूढः = foolish अयं = these न = not अभिजानाति = can understand लोकः = persons मां = Me अजं = unborn अव्ययं = inexhaustible. वेद = know अहं = I समतीतानि = completely past वर्तमानानि = present च = and अर्जुन = O Arjuna भविष्याणि = future च = also भूतानी = all living entities मां = Me तु = but वेद = knows न = not कश्चन = anyone. इच्छा = desire द्वेष = and hate समुत्थेन = arisen from द्वन्द्व = of duality मोहेन = by the illusion भारत = O scion of Bharata सर्व = all भूतानी = living entities सम्मोहं = into delusion सर्गे = while taking birth यान्ति = go परन्तप = O conqueror of enemies. येषां = whose तु = but अन्तगतं = completely eradicated पापं = sin जनानां = of the persons पुण्य = pious कर्मणां = whose previous activities ते = they द्वन्द्व = of duality मोह = delusion निर्मुक्ताः = free from भजन्ते = engage in devotional service मां = to Me दृढव्रताः = with determination. जरा = from old age मरण = and death मोक्षाय = for the purpose of liberation मां = Me आश्रित्य = taking shelter of यतन्ति = endeavor ये = all those who ते = such persons ब्रह्म = Brahman तत् = actually that विदुः = they know कृत्स्नं = everything अध्यात्मं = transcendental कर्म = activities च = also अखिलं = entirely. साधिभूत = and the governing principle of the material manifestation अधिदैवं = governing all the demigods मां = Me साधियज्ञं = and governing all sacrifices च = also ये = those who विदुः = know प्रयाण = of death काले = at the time अपि = even च = and मां = Me ते = they विदुः = know युक्तचेतसः = their minds engaged in Me. End of 7.30
अर्जुन उवाच = Arjuna said किं = what तत् = that ब्रह्म = Brahman किं = what अध्यात्मं = the self किं = what कर्म = fruitive activities पुरुषोत्तम = O Supreme Person अधिभूतं = the material manifestation च = and किं = what प्रोक्तं = is called अधिदैवं = the demigods किं = what उच्यते = is called. अधियज्ञः = the Lord of sacrifice कथं = how कः = who अत्र = here देहे = in the body अस्मिन् = this मधुसूदन = O Madhusudana प्रयाणकाले = at the time of death च = and कथं = how ज्ञेयोसि = You can be known नियतात्मभिः = by the self-controlled. श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Supreme Personality of Godhead said अक्षरं = indestructible ब्रह्म = Brahman परमं = transcendental स्वभावः = eternal nature अध्यात्मं = the self उच्यते = is called भूतभावोद्भवकरः = producing the material bodies of the living entities विसर्गः = creation कर्म = fruitive activities संज्ञितः = is called. अधिभूतं = the physical manifestation क्षरः = constantly changing भावः = nature पुरुषः = the universal form च = and अधिदैवतं = called adhidaiva अधियज्ञः = the Supersoul अहं = I (KRiShNa) एव = certainly अत्र = in this देहे = body देहभृतां = of the embodied वर = O best. अन्तकाले = at the end of life च = also मां = Me एव = certainly स्मरन् = remembering मुक्त्वा = quitting कलेवरं = the body यः = he who प्रयाति = goes सः = he मद्भावं = My nature याति = achieves न = not अस्ति = there is अत्र = here संशयः = doubt. यं यं = whatever वापि = at all स्मरन् = remembering भावं = nature त्यजति = gives up अन्ते = at the end कलेवरं = this body तं तं = similar एव = certainly एति = gets कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti सदा = always तत् = that भाव = state of being भाविताः = remembering. तस्मात् = therefore सर्वेषु = at all कालेषु = times मां = Me अनुस्मर = go on remembering युध्य = fight च = also मयि = unto Me अर्पित = surrendering मनः = mind बुद्धिः = intellect मां = unto Me एव = surely एष्यसि = you will attain असंशयः = beyond a doubt. अभ्यासयोग = by practice युक्तेन = being engaged in meditation चेतसा = by the mind and intelligence नान्यगामिना = without their being deviated परमं = the Supreme पुरुषं = Personality of Godhead दिव्यं = transcendental याति = one achieves पार्थ = O son of Pritha अनुचिन्तयन् = constantly thinking of. कविं = the one who knows everything पुराणं = the oldest अनुशासितारं = the controller अणोः = than the atom अणीयांसं = smaller अनुस्मरेत् = always thinks of यः = one who सर्वस्य = of everything धातारं = the maintainer अचिन्त्य = inconceivable रूपं = whose form आदित्यवर्णं = luminous like the sun तमसः = to darkness परस्तात् = transcendental. प्रयाणकाले = at the time of death मनसा = by the mind अचलेन = without its being deviated भक्त्या = in full devotion युक्तः = engaged योगबलेन = by the power of mystic yoga च = also एव = certainly भ्रुवोः = the two eyebrows मध्ये = between प्राणं = the life air आवेश्य = establishing सम्यक् = completely सः = he तं = that परं = transcendental पुरुषं = Personality of Godhead उपैति = achieves दिव्यं = in the spiritual kingdom. यत् = that which अक्षरं = syllable om वेदविदः = persons conversant with the Vedas वदन्ति = say विशन्ति = enter यत् = in which यतयः = great sages वीतरागाः = in the renounced order of life यत् = that which इच्छन्तः = desiring ब्रह्मचर्यं = celibacy चरन्ति = practice तत् = that ते = unto you पदं = situation संग्रहेण = in summary प्रवक्ष्ये = I shall explain. सर्वद्वाराणि = all the doors of the body संयम्य = controlling मनः = the mind हृदि = in the heart निरुध्य = confining च = also मूर्ध्नि = on the head आधाय = fixing आत्मनः = of the soul प्राणं = the life air आस्थितः = situated in योगधारणां = the yogic situation. ॐ = the combination of letters om (omkara) इति = thus एकाक्षरं = the one syllable ब्रह्म = absolute व्याहरन् = vibrating मां = Me (KRiShNa) अनुस्मरन् = remembering यः = anyone who प्रयाति = leaves त्यजन् = quitting देहं = this body सः = he याति = achieves परमां = the supreme गतिं = destination. अनन्यचेताः = without deviation of the mind सततं = always यः = anyone who मां = Me (KRiShNa) स्मरति = remembers नित्यशः = regularly तस्य = to him अहं = I am सुलभः = very easy to achieve पार्थ = O son of Pritha नित्य = regularly युक्तस्य = engaged योगिनः = for the devotee. मां = Me उपेत्य = achieving पुनः = again जन्म = birth दुःखालयं = place of miseries अशाश्वतं = temporary न = never आप्नुवन्ति = attain महात्मनः = the great souls संसिद्धिं = perfection परमां = ultimate गताः = having achieved. आब्रह्मभुवनात् = up to the Brahmaloka planet लोकाः = the planetary systems पुनः = again आवर्तिनः = returning अर्जुन = O Arjuna मां = unto Me उपेत्य = arriving तु = but कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti पुनर्जन्म = rebirth न = never विद्यते = takes place. सहस्र = one thousand युग = millenniums पर्यन्तं = including अहः = day यत् = that which ब्रह्मणः = of Brahma विदुः = they know रात्रिं = night युग = millenniums सहस्रान्तां = similarly, ending after one thousand ते = they अहोरात्र = day and night विदः = who understand जनाः = people. अव्यक्तात् = from the unmanifest व्यक्तयः = living entities सर्वः = all प्रभवन्ति = become manifest अहरागमे = at the beginning of the day रात्र्यागमे = at the fall of night प्रलीयन्ते = are annihilated तत्र = into that एव = certainly अव्यक्त = the unmanifest संज्ञके = which is called. भूतग्रामः = the aggregate of all living entities सः = these एव = certainly अयं = this भूत्वा भूत्वा = repeatedly taking birth प्रलीयते = is annihilated रात्रि = of night आगमे = on the arrival अवशः = automatically पार्थ = O son of Pritha प्रभवति = is manifest अहः = of daytime आगमे = on the arrival. परः = transcendental तस्मात् = to that तु = but भावः = nature अन्यः = another अव्यक्तः = unmanifest अव्यक्तात् = to the unmanifest सनातनः = eternal यः सः = that which सर्वेषु = all भूतेषु = manifestation नश्यात्सु = being annihilated न = never विनश्यति = is annihilated. अव्यक्तः = unmanifested अक्षरः = infallible इति = thus उक्तः = is said तं = that आहुः = is known परमां = the ultimate गतिं = destination यं = which प्राप्य = gaining न = never निवर्तन्ते = come back तत् = that धाम = abode परमं = supreme मम = My. पुरुषः = the Supreme Personality सः = He परः = the Supreme, than whom no one is greater पार्थ = O son of Pritha भक्त्या = by devotional service लभ्यः = can be achieved तु = but अनन्यया = unalloyed, undeviating यस्य = whom अन्तःस्थानि = within भूतानी = all of this material manifestation येन = by whom सर्वं = all इदं = whatever we can see ततं = is pervaded. यत्र = at which काले = time तु = and अनावृत्तिं = no return आवृत्तिं = return च = also एव = certainly योगिनः = different kinds of mystics प्रयाताः = having departed यान्ति = attain तं = that कालं = time वक्ष्यामि = I shall describe भरतर्षभ = O best of the Bharatas. अग्निः = fire ज्योतिः = light अहः = day शुक्लः = the white fortnight षण्मासाः = the six months उत्तरायणं = when the sun passes on the northern side तत्र = there प्रयाताः = those who pass away गच्छन्ति = go ब्रह्म = to the Absolute ब्रह्मविदः = who know the Absolute जनाः = persons. धुमः = smoke रात्रिः = night तथा = also कृष्णः = the fortnight of the dark moon षण्मासाः = the six months दक्षिणायनं = when the sun passes on the southern side तत्र = there चान्द्रमसं = the moon planet ज्योतिः = the light योगी = the mystic प्राप्य = achieving निवर्तते = comes back. शुक्ल = light कृष्णे = and darkness गति = ways of passing हि = certainly एते = these two जगतः = of the material world शाश्वते = of the Vedas मते = in the opinion एकया = by one याति = goes अनावृत्तिं = to no return अन्यया = by the other आवर्तते = comes back पुनः = again. न = never एते = these two सृती = different paths पार्थ = O son of Pritha जानन् = even if he knows योगी = the devotee of the Lord मुह्यति = is bewildered कश्चन = any तस्मात् = therefore सर्वेषु कालेषु = always योगयुक्तः = engaged in KRiShNa consciousness भव = just become अर्जुन = O Arjuna. वेदेषु = in the study of the Vedas यज्ञेषु = in the performances of yajna, sacrifice तपःसु = in undergoing different types of austerities च = also एव = certainly दानेषु = in giving charities यत् = that which पुण्यफलं = result of pious work प्रदिष्टं = indicated अत्येति = surpasses तत् सर्वं = all those इदं = this विदित्वा = knowing योगी = the devotee परं = supreme स्थानं = abode उपैति = achieves च = also आद्यं = original. End of 8.28
श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Supreme Personality of Godhead said इदं = this तु = but ते = unto you गुह्यतमं = the most confidential प्रवक्ष्यामि = I am speaking अनसुयवे = to the nonenvious ज्ञानं = knowledge विज्ञान = realized knowledge सहितं = with यत् = which ज्ञात्वा = knowing मोक्ष्यसे = you will be released अशुभात् = from this miserable material existence. राजविद्या = the king of education राजगुह्यं = the king of confidential knowledge पवित्रं = the purest इदं = this उत्तमं = transcendental प्रत्यक्ष = by direct experience अवगमं = understood धर्म्यं = the principle of religion सुसुखं = very happy कर्तुं = to execute अव्ययं = everlasting. अश्रद्दधानाः = those who are faithless पुरुषाः = such persons धर्मस्य = toward the process of religion अस्य = this परन्तप = O killer of the enemies अप्राप्य = without obtaining मां = Me निवर्तन्ते = come back मृत्यु = of death संसार = in material existence वर्त्मनि = on the path. मया = by Me ततं = pervaded इदं = this सर्वं = all जगत् = cosmic manifestation अव्यक्तमूर्तिना = by the unmanifested form मत्स्थानि = in Me सर्वभूतानी = all living entities न = not च = also अहं = I तेषु = in them अवस्थितः = situated. न = never च = also मत्स्थानि = situated in Me भूतानि = all creation पश्य = just see मे = My योगमैश्वरं = inconceivable mystic power भूतभृत् = the maintainer of all living entities न = never च = also भूतस्थः = in the cosmic manifestation मम = My आत्मा = Self भूतभावनः = the source of all manifestations. यथा = just as आकाशस्थितः = situated in the sky नित्यं = always वायुः = the wind सर्वत्रगः = blowing everywhere महान् = great तथा = similarly सर्वाणि भूतानि = all created beings मत्स्थानि = situated in Me इति = thus उपधारय = try to understand. सर्वभूतानि = all created entities कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti प्रकृतिं = nature यान्ति = enter मामिकां = My कल्पक्षये = at the end of the millennium पुनः = again तानि = all those कल्पादौ = in the beginning of the millennium विसृजामि = create अहं = I. प्रकृतिं = the material nature स्वां = of My personal Self अवष्टभ्य = entering into विसृजामि = I create पुनः पुनः = again and again भूतग्रामं = all the cosmic manifestations इमं = these कृत्स्नं = in total अवसं = automatically प्रकृतेः = of the force of nature वशात् = under obligation. न = never च = also मां = Me तानि = all those कर्माणि = activities निबध्नन्ति = bind धनञ्जय = O conqueror of riches उदासीनवत् = as neutral आसिनं = situated असक्तं = without attraction तेषु = for those कर्मसु = activities. मया = by Me अध्यक्षेण = by superintendence प्रकृतिः = material nature सूयते = manifests स = with both चराचरम् = the moving and the nonmoving हेतुना = for the reason अनेन = this कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti जगत् = the cosmic manifestation विपरिवर्तते = is working. अवजानन्ति = deride मां = Me मूढाः = foolish men मानुषीं = in a human form तनुं = a body आश्रितं = assuming परं = transcendental भावं = nature अजानन्तः = not knowing मम = My भूत = of everything that be महेश्वरं = the supreme proprietor. मोघाशाः = baffled in their hopes मोघकर्माणः = baffled in fruitive activities मोघज्ञानाः = baffled in knowledge विचेतसः = bewildered राक्षसीं = demonic आसुरीं = atheistic च = and एव = certainly प्रकृतिं = nature मोहिनीं = bewildering श्रिताः = taking shelter of. महात्मानः = the great souls तु = but मां = unto Me पार्थ = O son of Pritha दैवीं = divine प्रकृतिं = nature आश्रिताः = having taken shelter of भजन्ति = render service अनन्यमनसः = without deviation of the mind ज्ञात्वा = knowing भूत = of creation आदिं = the origin अव्ययं = inexhaustible. सततं = always कीर्तयन्तः = chanting मां = about Me यतन्तः = fully endeavoring च = also दृढव्रताः = with determination नमस्यन्तः = offering obeisances च = and मां = Me भक्त्या = in devotion नित्ययुक्ताः = perpetually engaged उपासते = worship. ज्ञानयज्ञेन = by cultivation of knowledge च = also अपि = certainly अन्ये = others यजन्तः = sacrificing मां = Me उपासते = worship एकत्वेन = in oneness पृथक्त्वेन = in duality बहुधा = in diversity विश्वतोमुखं = and in the universal form. अहं = I क्रतुः = Vedic ritual अहं = I यज्ञः = smrti sacrifice स्वधा = oblation अहं = I अहं = I औषधं = healing herb मन्त्रः = transcendental chant अहं = I अहं = I एव = certainly आज्यं = melted butter अहं = I अग्निः = fire अहं = I हुतं = offering. पिता = father अहं = I अस्य = of this जगतः = universe माता = mother धाता = supporter पितामहः = grandfather वेद्यं = what is to be known पवित्रं = that which purifies ॐकार = the syllable om ऋक् = the Rg Veda साम = the Sama Veda यजुः = the Yajur Veda एव = certainly च = and. गतिः = goal भर्ता = sustainer प्रभुः = Lord सक्षी = witness निवासः = abode शरणं = refuge सुहृत् = most intimate friend प्रभवः = creation प्रलयः = dissolution स्थानं = ground निधानं = resting place बीजं = seed अव्ययं = imperishable. तपामि = give heat अहं = I अहं = I वर्षं = rain निगृह्णामि = withhold उत्सृजामि = send forth च = and अमृतं = immortality च = and एव = certainly मृत्युः = death च = and सत् = spirit असत् = matter च = and अहं = I अर्जुन = O Arjuna. त्रैविद्यः = the knowers of the three Vedas मां = Me सोमपाः = drinkers of soma juice पूत = purified पापाः = of sins यज्ञैः = with sacrifices इष्ट्वा = worshiping स्वर्गतिं = passage to heaven प्रार्थयन्ते = pray for ते = they पुण्यं = pious आसाद्य = attaining सुरेन्द्र = of Indra लोकं = the world अश्नन्ति = enjoy दिव्यान् = celestial दिवि = in heaven देवभोगान् = the pleasures of the gods. ते = they तं = that भुक्त्वा = enjoying स्वर्गलोकं = heaven विशालं = vast क्षीणे = being exhausted पुण्ये = the results of their pious activities मर्त्यलोकं = to the mortal earth विशन्ति = fall down एवं = thus त्रयी = of the three Vedas धर्मं = doctrines अनुप्रपन्नाः = following गतागतं = death and birth कामकामाः = desiring sense enjoyments लभन्ते = attain. अनन्याः = having no other object चिन्तयन्तः = concentrating मां = on Me ये = those who जनाः = persons पर्युपासते = properly worship तेषां = of them नित्य = always अभियुक्तानां = fixed in devotion योग = requirements क्षेमं = protection वहामि = carry अहं = I. ये = those who अपि = also अन्य = of other देवता = gods भक्ताः = devotees यजन्ते = worship श्रद्धयान्विताः = with faith ते = they अपि = also मां = Me एव = only कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti यजन्ति = they worship अविधिपूर्वकं = in a wrong way. अहं = I हि = surely सर्व = of all यज्ञानां = sacrifices भोक्ता = the enjoyer च = and प्रभुः = the Lord एव = also च = and न = not तु = but मां = Me अभिजानन्ति = they know तत्त्वेन = in reality अतः = therefore च्यवन्ति = fall down ते = they. यान्ति = go देवव्रताः = worshipers of demigods देवान् = to the demigods पितॄन् = to the ancestors यान्ति = go पितृव्रताः = worshipers of ancestors भूतानी = to the ghosts and spirits यान्ति = go भूतेज्याः = worshipers of ghosts and spirits यान्ति = go मत् = My यजिनः = devotees अपि = but मां = unto Me. पत्रं = a leaf पुष्पं = a flower फलं = a fruit तोयं = water यः = whoever मे = unto Me भक्त्या = with devotion प्रयच्छति = offers तत् = that अहं = I भक्त्युपहृतं = offered in devotion अश्नामि = accept प्रयतात्मनः = from one in pure consciousness. यत् = whatever करोसि = you do यत् = whatever अश्नासि = you eat यत् = whatever जुहोसि = you offer ददासि = you give away यत् = whatever यत् = whatever तपस्यसि = austerities you perform कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti तत् = that कुरुष्व = do मत् = unto Me अर्पणं = as an offering. शुभ = from auspicious अशुभ = and inauspicious फलैः = results एवं = thus मोक्ष्यसे = you will become free कर्म = of work बन्धनैः = from the bondage संन्यास = of renunciation योग = the yoga युक्तात्म = having the mind firmly set on विमुक्तः = liberated मां = to Me उपैष्यसि = you will attain. समः = equally disposed अहं = I सर्वभूतेषु = to all living entities न = no one मे = to Me द्वेष्यः = hateful अस्ति = is न = nor प्रियः = dear ये = those who भजन्ति = render transcendental service तु = but मां = unto Me भक्त्या = in devotion मयि = are in Me ते = such persons तेषु = in them च = also अपि = certainly अहं = I. अपि = even चेत् = if सुदुराचारः = one committing the most abominable actions भजते = is engaged in devotional service मां = unto Me अनन्यभाक् = without deviation साधुः = a saint एव = certainly सः = he मन्तव्यः = is to be considered सम्यक् = completely व्यवसितः = situated in determination हि = certainly सः = he. क्षिप्रं = very soon भवति = becomes धर्मात्मा = righteous शश्वच्छान्तिं = lasting peace निगच्छति = attains कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti प्रतिजानीहि = declare न = never मे = My भक्तः = devotee प्रणश्यति = perishes. मां = of Me हि = certainly पार्थ = O son of Pritha व्यपाश्रित्य = particularly taking shelter ये = those who अपि = also स्युः = are पापयोनयः = born of a lower family स्त्रियः = women वैश्यः = mercantile people तथा = also शूद्रः = lower-class men तेऽपि = even they यान्ति = go परां = to the supreme गतिं = destination. किं = how much पुनः = again ब्राह्मणाः = brahmanas पुण्याः = righteous भक्ताः = devotees राजर्षयः = saintly kings तथा = also अनित्यं = temporary असुखं = full of miseries लोकं = planet इमं = this प्राप्य = gaining भजस्व = be engaged in loving service मां = unto Me. मन्मनाः = always thinking of Me भव = become मत् = My भक्तः = devotee मत् = My याजि = worshiper मां = unto Me नमस्कुरु = offer obeisances मां = unto Me एव = completely एष्यसि = you will come युक्त्वा = being absorbed एवं = thus आत्मानं = your soul मत्परायणः = devoted to Me. End of 9.34
श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Supreme Personality of Godhead said भूयः = again एव = certainly महाबाहो = O mighty-armed शृणु = just hear मे = My परमं = supreme वचः = instruction यत् = that which ते = to you अहं = I प्रीयमाणाय = thinking you dear to Me वक्ष्यामि = say हितकाम्यया = for your benefit. न = never मे = My विदुः = know सुरगणाः = the demigods प्रभवं = origin, opulences न = never महर्षयः = great sages अहं = I am आदिः = the origin हि = certainly देवानां = of the demigods महर्षीणां = of the great sages च = also सर्वशः = in all respects. यः = anyone who मां = Me अजं = unborn अनादिं = without beginning च = also वेत्ति = knows लोक = of the planets महेश्वरं = the supreme master असम्मूढः = undeluded सः = he मर्त्येषु = among those subject to death सर्वपापैः = from all sinful reactions प्रमुच्यते = is delivered. बुद्धिः = intelligence ज्ञानं = knowledge असम्मोहः = freedom from doubt क्षमा = forgiveness सत्यं = truthfulness दमः = control of the senses शमः = control of the mind सुखं = happiness दुःखं = distress भवः = birth अभावः = death भयं = fear च = also अभयं = fearlessness एव = also च = and अहिंसा = nonviolence समता = equilibrium तुष्टिः = satisfaction तपः = penance दानं = charity यशः = fame अयशः = infamy भवन्ति = come about भावाः = natures भूतानां = of living entities मत्तः = from Me एव = certainly पृथग्विधाः = variously arranged. महर्षयः = the great sages सप्त = seven पूर्वे = before चत्वारः = four मनवः = Manus तथा = also मद्भावाः = born of Me मानसाः = from the mind जाताः = born येषां = of them लोके = in the world इमाः = all this प्रजाः = population. एतां = all this विभूतिं = opulence योगं = mystic power च = also मम = of Mine यः = anyone who वेत्ति = knows तत्त्वतः = factually सः = he अविकल्पेन = without division योगेन = in devotional service युज्यते = is engaged न = never अत्र = here संशयः = doubt. अहं = I सर्वस्य = of all प्रभवः = the source of generation मत्तः = from Me सर्वं = everything प्रवर्तते = emanates इति = thus मत्वा = knowing भजन्ते = become devoted मां = unto Me बुधाः = the learned भावसमन्वितः = with great attention. मच्चित्ताः = their minds fully engaged in Me मद्गतप्राणाः = their lives devoted to Me बोधयन्तः = preaching परस्परं = among themselves कथयन्तः = talking च = also मां = about Me नित्यं = perpetually तुष्यन्ति = become pleased च = also रमन्ति = enjoy transcendental bliss च = also. तेषां = unto them सततयुक्तानां = always engaged भजतां = in rendering devotional service प्रीतिपूर्वकं = in loving ecstasy ददामि = I give बुद्धियोगं = real intelligence तं = that येन = by which मां = unto Me उपयान्ति = come ते = they. तेषां = for them एव = certainly अनुकम्पार्थं = to show special mercy अहं = I अज्ञानजं = due to ignorance तमः = darkness नाशयामि = dispel आत्मभाव = within their hearts स्थः = situated ज्ञान = of knowledge दीपेन = with the lamp भास्वता = glowing. अर्जुन उवाच = Arjuna said परं = supreme ब्रह्म = truth परं = supreme धाम = sustenance पवित्रं = pure परमं = supreme भवान् = You पुरुषं = personality शाश्वतं = original दिव्यं = transcendental आदिदेवं = the original Lord अजं = unborn विभुं = greatest आहुः = say त्वां = of You ऋषयः = sages सर्वे = all देवर्षिः = the sage among the demigods नारदः = Narada तथा = also असितः = Asita देवलः = Devala व्यासः = Vyasa स्वयं = personally च = also एव = certainly ब्रवीषि = You are explaining मे = unto me. सर्वं = all एतत् = this ऋतं = truth मन्ये = I accept यत् = which मां = unto me वदसि = You tell केशव = O KRiShNa न = never हि = certainly ते = Your भगवान् = O Personality of Godhead व्यक्तिं = revelation विदुः = can know देवाः = the demigods न = nor दानवः = the demons. स्वयं = personally एव = certainly आत्मना = by Yourself आत्मानं = Yourself वेत्थ = know त्वं = You पुरुषोत्तम = O greatest of all persons भूतभावन = O origin of everything भूतेश = O Lord of everything देवदेव = O Lord of all demigods जगत्पते = O Lord of the entire universe. वक्तुं = to say अर्हसि = You deserve अशेषेण = in detail दिव्याः = divine हि = certainly आत्म = Your own विभूतयः = opulences याभिः = by which विभूतिभिः = opulences लोकान् = all the planets इमान् = these त्वां = You व्याप्य = pervading तिष्ठसि = remain. कथं = how विद्यामहं = shall I know योगिन् = O supreme mystic त्वां = You सदा = always परिचिन्तयन् = thinking of केषु = in which केषु = in which च = also भावेषु = natures cintyah असि = You are to be remembered भगवन् = O Supreme मया = by me. विस्तरेण = in detail आत्मनः = Your योगं = mystic power विभूतिं = opulences च = also जनार्दन = O killer of the atheists भूयः = again कथय = describe तृप्तिः = satisfaction हि = certainly शृण्वतः = hearing नास्ति = there is not मे = my अमृतं = nectar. श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Supreme Personality of Godhead said हन्त = yes ते = unto you कथयिष्यामि = I shall speak दिव्याः = divine हि = certainly आत्मविभूतयः = personal opulences प्राधान्यतः = which are principal कुरुश्रेष्ठ = O best of the Kurus नास्ति = there is not अन्तः = limit विस्तरस्य = to the extent मे = My. अहं = I आत्मा = the soul गुडाकेश = O Arjuna सर्वभूत = of all living entities आशयस्थिताः = situated within the heart अहं = I am आदिः = the origin च = also मध्यं = middle च = also भूतानां = of all living entities अन्तः = end एव = certainly च = and. आदित्यानां = of the Adityas अहं = I am विष्णुः = the Supreme Lord ज्योतीषां = of all luminaries रविः = the sun अंशुमान् = radiant मरीचिः = Marici मरुतां = of the Maruts अस्मि = I am नक्षत्राणां = of the stars अहं = I am शशी = the moon. वेदानां = of all the Vedas सामवेदः = the Sama Veda अस्मि = I am देवानां = of all the demigods अस्मि = I am वासवः = the heavenly king इन्द्रियाणां = of all the senses मनः = the mind च = also अस्मि = I am भूतानां = of all living entities अस्मि = I am चेतना = the living force. रुद्राणां = of all the Rudras शङ्करः = Lord Siva च = also अस्मि = I am वित्तेशः = the lord of the treasury of the demigods यक्षरक्षसां = of the Yaksas and Raksasas वसौनां = of the Vasus पावकः = fire च = also अस्मि = I am मेरुः = Meru शिखरिणां = of all mountains अहं = I am. पुरोधसां = of all priests च = also मुख्यं = the chief मां = Me विद्धि = understand पार्थ = O son of Pritha बृहस्पतिं = Brhaspati सेनानीनां = of all commanders अहं = I am स्कन्दः = Kartikeya सरसां = of all reservoirs of water अस्मि = I am सागरः = the ocean. महर्षीणां = among the great sages भृगुः = Bhrigu अहं = I am गिरां = of vibrations अस्मि = I am एकमक्षरं = pranava यज्ञानां = of sacrifices जपयज्ञः = chanting अस्मि = I am स्थावराणां = of immovable things हिमालयः = the Himalayan mountains. अश्वत्थः = the banyan tree सर्ववृक्षाणां = of all trees देवर्षीणां = of all the sages amongst the demigods च = and नारदः = Narada गन्धर्वाणां = of the citizens of the Gandharva planet चित्ररथः = Citraratha सिद्धानां = of all those who are perfected कपिलः मुनिः = Kapila Muni. उच्चैःश्रवसं = Uccaihsrava अश्वानां = among horses विद्धि = know मां = Me अमृतोद्भवं = produced from the churning of the ocean ऐरावतं = Airavata गजेन्द्राणां = of lordly elephants नराणां = among human beings च = and नराधिपं = the king. आयुधानां = of all weapons अहं = I am वज्रं = the thunderbolt धेनूनां = of cows अस्मि = I am कामधुक् = the surabhi cow प्रजनः = the cause for begetting children च = and अस्मि = I am कन्दर्पः = Cupid सर्पाणां = of serpents अस्मि = I am वासुकिः = Vasuki. अनन्तः = Ananta च = also अस्मि = I am नागानां = of the manyhooded serpents वरुणः = the demigod controlling the water यादसां = of all aquatics अहं = I am पितॄणां = of the ancestors अर्यमा = Aryama च = also अस्मि = I am यमः = the controller of death संयमतां = of all regulators अहं = I am. प्रह्लादः = Prahlada च = also अस्मि = I am दैत्यानां = of the demons कालः = time कलयतां = of subduers अहं = I am मृगाणां = of animals च = and मृगेन्द्रः = the lion अहं = I am वैनतेयः = Garuda च = also पक्षिणां = of birds. पवनः = the wind पवतां = of all that purifies अस्मि = I am रामः = Rama शस्त्रभृतां = of the carriers of weapons अहं = I am झषाणां = of all fish मकरः = the shark च = also अस्मि = I am स्रोतसां = of flowing rivers अस्मि = I am जाह्नवी = the River Ganges. सर्गाणां = of all creations आदिः = the beginning अन्तः = end च = and मध्यं = middle च = also एव = certainly अहं = I am अर्जुन = O Arjuna अध्यात्मविद्या = spiritual knowledge विद्यानां = of all education वादः = the natural conclusion प्रवदतां = of arguments अहं = I am. अक्षराणां = of letters अकारः = the first letter अस्मि = I am द्वन्द्वः = the dual सामासिकस्य = of compounds च = and अहं = I am एव = certainly अक्षयः = eternal कालः = time धाता = the creator अहं = I am विश्वतोमुखः = Brahma. मृत्युः = death सर्वहरः = all-devouring च = also अहं = I am उद्भवः = generation च = also भविष्यतां = of future manifestations कीर्तिः = fame श्रीः = opulence or beauty वाक् = fine speech च = also नारीणां = of women स्मृतिः = memory मेधा = intelligence धृतिः = firmness क्षमा = patience. बृहत्साम = the BrAhat-sama तथा = also साम्नं = of the Sama Veda songs गायत्री = the Gayatri hymns छन्दसां = of all poetry अहं = I am मासानां = of months मार्गशीर्षः = the month of November-December अहं = I am ऋतूनां = of all seasons कुसुमाकरः = spring. द्युतं = gambling छलयतां = of all cheats अस्मि = I am तेजः = the splendor तेजस्विनां = of everything splendid अहं = I am जयः = victory अस्मि = I am व्यवसायः = enterprise or adventure अस्मि = I am सत्त्वं = the strength सत्त्ववतं = of the strong अहं = I am. वृष्णीनां = of the descendants of VRiShNi वासुदेवः = KRiShNa in Dvaraka अस्मि = I am पाण्डवानां = of the Pandavas धनञ्जयः = Arjuna मुनीनां = of the sages अपि = also अहं = I am व्यासः = Vyasa, the compiler of all Vedic literature कवीनां = of all great thinkers उशना = Usana कविः = the thinker. दंडः = punishment दमयतां = of all means of suppression अस्मि = I am नीतिः = morality अस्मि = I am जिगिषतां = of those who seek victory मौनं = silence च = and एव = also अस्मि = I am गुह्यानां = of secrets ज्ञानं = knowledge ज्ञानवतां = of the wise अहं = I am. यत् = whatever च = also अपि = may be सर्वभूतानां = of all creations बीजं = seed तत् = that अहं = I am अर्जुन = O Arjuna न = not तत् = that अस्ति = there is विना = without यत् = which स्यात् = exists मया = Me भूतं = created being चराचरं = moving and nonmoving. न = nor अन्तः = a limit अस्ति = there is मम = My दिव्यानां = of the divine विभूतिनां = opulences परन्तप = O conqueror of the enemies एषः = all this तु = but उद्देशतः = as examples प्रोक्ताः = spoken विभूतेः = of opulences विस्तरः = the expanse मया = by Me. यद्यत् = whatever विभूति = opulences मत् = having सत्त्वं = existence श्रीमत् = beautiful उर्जितं = glorious एव = certainly वा = or तत् तत् = all those एव = certainly अवगच्छ = must know त्वं = you मम = My तेजः = of the splendor अंश = a part सम्भवं = born of. अथवा = or बहुना = many एतेन = by this kind किं = what ज्ञातेन = by knowing तव = your अर्जुन = O Arjuna विष्टभ्य = pervading अहं = I इदं = this कृत्स्नं = entire एक = by one अंशेन = part स्थिताः = am situated जगत् = universe. End of 10.41
अर्जुन उवाच = Arjuna said मदनुग्रहाय = just to show me favor परमं = supreme गुह्यं = confidential subject अध्यात्म = spiritual संज्ञितं = in the matter of यत् = what त्वया = by You उक्तं = said वचः = words तेन = by that मोहः = illusion अयं = this विगतः = is removed मम = my. भव = appearance अप्ययौ = disappearance हि = certainly भूतानां = of all living entities श्रुतौ = have been heard विस्तरशः = in detail मया = by me त्वत्तः = from You कमलपत्राक्ष = O lotus-eyed one माहात्म्यं = glories अपि = also च = and अव्ययं = inexhaustible. एवं = thus एतत् = this यथा = as it is आत्थ = have spoken त्वं = You आत्मानं = Yourself परमेश्वर = O Supreme Lord द्रष्टुं = to see इच्छामि = I wish ते = Your रूपं = form ऐश्वरं = divine पुरुषोत्तम = O best of personalities. मन्यसे = You think यदि = if तत् = that शक्यं = is able मया = by me द्रष्टुं = to be seen इति = thus प्रभो = O Lord योगेश्वर = O Lord of all mystic power ततः = then मे = unto me त्वं = You दर्शय = show आत्मानं = Your Self अव्ययं = eternal. श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Supreme Personality of Godhead said पश्य = just see मे = My पार्थ = O son of Pritha रूपाणि = forms शतशः = hundreds अथ = also सहस्रशः = thousands नानाविधानि = variegated दिव्यानि = divine नाना = variegated वर्ण = colors आकृतीनि = forms च = also. पश्य = see आदित्यान् = the twelve sons of Aditi वसुन् = the eight Vasus रुद्रान् = the eleven forms of Rudra अश्विनौ = the two Asvinis मरुतः = the forty-nine Maruts (demigods of the wind) तथा = also बहूनि = many अदृष्ट = that you have not seen पूर्वाणि = before पश्य = see आश्चर्याणि = all the wonders भारत = O best of the Bharatas. इह = in this एकस्थं = in one place जगत् = the universe कृत्स्नं = completely पश्य = see आद्य = immediately स = with चर = the moving अचरं = and not moving मम = My देहे = in this body गुडाकेश = O Arjuna यत् = that which च = also अन्यत् = other द्रष्टुं = to see इच्छसि = you wish. न = never तु = but मां = Me शक्यसे = are able द्रष्टुं = to see अनेन = with these एव = certainly स्वचक्षुषा = your own eyes दिव्यं = divine ददामि = I give ते = to you चक्षुः = eyes पश्य = see मे = My योगमैश्वरं = inconceivable mystic power. सञ्जय उवाच = Sanjaya said एवं = thus उक्त्वा = saying ततः = thereafter राजन् = O King महायोगेश्वरः = the most powerful mystic हरिः = the Supreme Personality of Godhead, KRiShNa दर्शयामास = showed पार्थाय = unto Arjuna परमं = the divine रूपमैश्वरं = universal form. अनेक = various वक्त्र = mouths नयनं = eyes अनेक = various अद्भुत = wonderful दर्शनं = sights अनेक = many दिव्य = divine आभरणं = ornaments दिव्य = divine अनेक = various उद्यत = uplifted आयुधं = weapons दिव्य = divine माल्य = garlands अम्बर = dresses धरं = wearing दिव्य = divine गन्ध = fragrances अनुलेपनं = smeared with सर्व = all आश्चर्यमयं = wonderful देवं = shining अनन्तं = unlimited विश्वतोमुखं = all-pervading. दिवि = in the sky सूर्य = of suns सहस्रस्य = of many thousands भवेत् = there were युगपत् = simultaneously उत्थिता = present यदि = if भाः = light सदृशी = like that स = that स्यात् = might be भासः = effulgence तस्य = of Him महात्मनः = the great Lord. तत्र = there एकस्थं = in one place जगत् = the universe कृत्स्नं = complete प्रविभक्तं = divided अनेकधा = into many अपश्यत् = could see देवदेवस्य = of the Supreme Personality of Godhead शरीरे = in the universal form पाण्डवः = Arjuna तदा = at that time. ततः = thereafter सः = he विस्मयाविष्टः = being overwhelmed with wonder हृष्टरोमा = with his bodily hairs standing on end due to his great ecstasy धनञ्जयः = Arjuna प्रणम्य = offering obeisances शिरसा = with the head देवं = to the Supreme Personality of Godhead कृताञ्जलिः = with folded hands अभाषत = began to speak. अर्जुन उवाच = Arjuna said पश्यामि = I see देवान् = all the demigods तव = Your देव = O Lord देहे = in the body सर्वान् = all तथा = also भूत = living entities विशेषसङ्घान् = specifically assembled ब्रह्माणं = Lord Brahma ईशं = Lord Siva कमलासनस्थं = sitting on the lotus flower ऋषिन् = great sages च = also सर्वान् = all उरगान् = serpents च = also दिव्यान् = divine. अनेक = many बाहु = arms उदर = bellies वक्त्र = mouths नेत्रं = eyes पश्यामि = I see त्वं = You सर्वतः = on all sides अनन्तरूपं = unlimited form नान्तं = no end न मध्यं = no middle न पुनः = nor again तव = Your आदिं = beginning पश्यामि = I see विश्वेश्वर = O Lord of the universe विश्वरूप = in the form of the universe. किरीटिनं = with helmets गदिनं = with maces चक्रिणं = with discs च = and तेजोराशिं = effulgence सर्वतः = on all sides दीप्तिमन्तं = glowing पश्यामि = I see त्वां = You दुर्निरीक्ष्यं = difficult to see समन्तात् = everywhere दीप्तानल = blazing fire अर्क = of the sun द्युतिं = the sunshine अप्रमेयं = immeasurable. त्वं = You अक्षरं = the infallible परमं = supreme वेदितव्यं = to be understood त्वं = You अस्य = of this विश्वस्य = universe परं = supreme निधानं = basis त्वं = You अव्ययः = inexhaustible शाश्वतधर्मगोप्ता = maintainer of the eternal religion सनातनः = eternal त्वं = You पुरुषः = the Supreme Personality मतः मे = this is my opinion. अनादि = without beginning मध्य = middle अन्तं = or end अनन्त = unlimited वीर्यां = glories अनन्त = unlimited बाहुं = arms शशी = the moon सूर्य = and sun नेत्रं = eyes पश्यामि = I see त्वां = You दीप्त = blazing हुताशवक्त्रं = fire coming out of Your mouth स्वतेजसा = by Your radiance विश्वं = universe इदं = this तपन्तं = heating. द्यौ = from outer space अपृथिव्योः = to the earth इदं = this अन्तरं = between हि = certainly व्याप्तं = pervaded त्वया = by You एकेन = alone दिशः = directions च = and सर्वाः = all दृष्ट्वा = by seeing अद्भुतं = wonderful रूपं = form उग्रं = terrible तव = Your इदं = this लोक = the planetary systems त्रयं = three प्रव्यथितं = perturbed महात्मन् = O great one. अमी = all those हि = certainly त्वां = You सुरसङ्घाः = groups of demigods विशन्ति = are entering केचित् = some of them भिताः = out of fear प्राञ्जलयः = with folded hands गृणन्ति = are offering prayers स्वस्ति = all peace इति = thus उक्त्वा = speaking महर्षि = great sages सिद्धसङ्घाः = perfect beings स्तुवन्ति = are singing hymns त्वां = unto You स्तुतिभिः = with prayers पुष्कलाभिः = Vedic hymns. रुद्र = manifestations of Lord Siva आदित्यः = the Adityas वसवः = the Vasus ये = all those च = and साध्याः = the Sadhyas विश्वे = the Visvedevas अश्विनौ = the Asvini-kumaras मरुतः = the Maruts च = and उष्मपाः = the forefathers च = and गन्धर्व = of the Gandharvas यक्ष = the Yaksas असुर = the demons सिद्ध = and the perfected demigods सङ्घाः = the assemblies वीक्षन्ते = are beholding त्वां = You विस्मिताः = in wonder च = also एव = certainly सर्वे = all. रूपं = the form महत् = very great ते = of You बहु = many वक्त्र = faces नेत्रं = and eyes महाबाहो = O mighty-armed one बहु = many बाहु = arms उरु = thighs पादं = and legs बहूदरं = many bellies बहुदंष्ट्रा = many teeth करालं = horrible दृष्ट्वा = seeing लोकाः = all the planets प्रव्यथिताः = perturbed तथा = similarly अहं = I. नभःस्पृशं = touching the sky दीप्तं = glowing अनेक = many वर्णं = colors व्यत्त = open आननं = mouths दीप्त = glowing विशाल = very great नेत्रं = eyes दृष्ट्वा = seeing हि = certainly त्वां = You प्रव्यथित = perturbed अन्तः = within आत्मा = soul धृतिं = steadiness न = not विन्दामि = I have शमं = mental tranquillity च = also विष्णो = O Lord Visnu. दंष्ट्रा = teeth करालानि = terrible च = also ते = Your मुखानि = faces दृष्ट्वा = seeing एव = thus कालानल = the fire of death सन्निभानि = as if दिशः = the directions न = not जाने = I know न = not लभे = I obtain च = and शर्म = grace प्रसीद = be pleased देवेश = O Lord of all lords जगन्निवास = O refuge of the worlds. अमी = these च = also त्वां = You धृतराष्ट्रस्य = of Dhritarashtra पुत्राः = the sons सर्वे = all सह = with एव = indeed अवनिपाल = of warrior kings सङ्घैः = the groups भीष्मः = Bhishmadeva द्रोणः = Dronacarya सूतपुत्रः = Karna तथा = also असौ = that सह = with अस्मदीयैः = our अपि = also योधमुख्यैः = chiefs among the warriors वक्त्राणि = mouths ते = Your त्वरमाणाः = rushing विशन्ति = are entering दंष्ट्रा = teeth करालानि = terrible भयानकानि = very fearful केचित् = some of them विलग्नाः = becoming attached दशनान्तरेषु = between the teeth सन्दृश्यन्ते = are seen चूर्णितैः = with smashed उत्तमाङ्गैः = heads. यथा = as नदीनां = of the rivers बहवः = the many अम्बुवेगाः = waves of the waters समुद्रं = the ocean एव = certainly अभिमुखाः = towards द्रवन्ति = glide तथा = similarly तव = Your अमी = all these नरलोकवीराः = kings of human society विशन्ति = are entering वक्त्राणि = the mouths अभिविज्वलन्ति = and are blazing. यथा = as प्रदीप्तं = blazing ज्वलनं = a fire पतङ्गाः = moths विशन्ति = enter नाशाय = for destruction समृद्ध = with full वेगाः = speed तथैव = similarly नाशाय = for destruction विशन्ति = are entering लोकाः = all people तव = Your अपि = also वक्त्राणि = mouths समृद्धवेगः = with full speed. लेलिह्यसे = You are licking ग्रसमानः = devouring समन्तात् = from all directions लोकान् = people समग्रान् = all वदनैः = by the mouths ज्वलद्भिः = blazing तेजोभिः = by effulgence आपूर्य = covering जगत् = the universe समग्रं = all भासः = rays तव = Your उग्रः = terrible प्रतपन्ति = are scorching विष्णो = O all-pervading Lord. आख्याहि = please explain मे = unto me कः = who भवान् = You उग्ररूपः = fierce form नमः अस्तु = obeisances ते = unto You देववर = O great one amongst the demigods प्रसीद = be gracious विज्ञातुं = to know इच्छामि = I wish भवन्तं = You आद्यं = the original न = not हि = certainly प्रजानामि = do I know तव = Your प्रवृत्तिं = mission. श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Personality of Godhead said कालः = time अस्मि = I am लोक = of the worlds क्षयकृत् = the destroyer प्रवृद्धः = great लोकान् = all people समाहर्तुं = in destroying इह = in this world प्रवृत्तः = engaged ऋते = without, except for अपि = even त्वां = you न = never भविष्यन्ति = will be सर्वे = all ये = who अवस्थिताः = situated प्रत्यानीकेषु = on the opposite sides योधाः = the soldiers. तस्मात् = therefore त्वं = you उत्तिष्ठ = get up यशः = fame लभस्व = gain जित्वा = conquering शत्रुन् = enemies भुङ्क्ष्व = enjoy राज्यं = kingdom समृद्धं = flourishing मया = by Me एव = certainly एते = all these निहताः = killed पूर्वमेव = by previous arrangement निमित्तमात्रं = just the cause भव = become सव्यसाचिन् = O Savyasaci. द्रोणं च = also Drona भीष्मं च = also Bhishma जयद्रथं च = also Jayadratha कर्णं = Karna तथा = also अन्यान् = others अपि = certainly योधवीरान् = great warriors मया = by Me हतान् = already killed त्वं = you जहि = destroy मा = do not व्यथिष्ठाः = be disturbed युध्यस्व = just fight जेतासि = you will conquer रणे = in the fight सपत्नान् = enemies. सञ्जय उवाच = Sanjaya said एतत् = thus श्रुत्वा = hearing वचनं = the speech केशवस्य = of KRiShNa कृताञ्जलिः = with folded hands वेपमानः = trembling किरीटिन् = Arjuna नमस्कृत्वा = offering obeisances भूयः = again एव = also अह = said कृष्णं = unto KRiShNa सगद्गदं = with a faltering voice भीतभीतः = fearful प्रणम्य = offering obeisances. अर्जुन उवाच = Arjuna said स्थाने = rightly हृषीकेश = O master of all senses तव = Your प्रकीर्त्य = by the glories जगत् = the entire world प्रहृष्यति = is rejoicing अनुरज्यते = is becoming attached च = and रक्षांसि = the demons भीतानि = out of fear दिशः = in all directions द्रवन्ति = are fleeing सर्वे = all नमस्यन्ति = are offering respects च = also सिद्धसङ्घाः = the perfect human beings. कस्मात् = why च = also ते = unto You न = not नमेरन् = they should offer proper obeisances महात्मन् = O great one गरीयसे = who are better ब्रह्मणः = than Brahma अपि = although आदिकर्त्रे = to the supreme creator अनन्त = O unlimited देवेश = O God of the gods जगन्निवास = O refuge of the universe त्वं = You are अक्षरं = imperishable सदसत् = to cause and effect तत्परं = transcendental यत् = because. त्वं = You आदिदेवः = the original Supreme God पुरुषः = personality पुराणः = old त्वं = You अस्य = of this विश्वस्य = universe परं = transcendental निधानं = refuge वेत्त = the knower असि = You are वेद्यं = the knowable च = and परं = transcendental च = and धाम = refuge त्वया = by You ततं = pervaded विश्वं = the universe अनन्तरूप = O unlimited form. वायुः = air यमः = the controller अग्निः = fire वरुणः = water शशाङ्कः = the moon प्रजापतिः = Brahma त्वं = You प्रपितामहः = the great-grandfather च = also नमः = my respects नमः = again my respects ते = unto You अस्तु = let there be सहस्रकृत्वः = a thousand times पुनश्च = and again भूयः = again अपि = also नमः = offering my respects नमस्ते = offering my respects unto You. नमः = offering obeisances पुरस्तात् = from the front अथ = also पृष्ठतः = from behind ते = unto You नमः अस्तु = I offer my respects ते = unto You सर्वतः = from all sides एव = indeed सर्व = because You are everything अनन्तवीर्या = unlimited potency अमितविक्रमः = and unlimited force त्वं = You सर्वं = everything समाप्नोषि = You cover ततः = therefore असि = You are सर्वः = everything. सखा = friend इति = thus मत्वा = thinking प्रसभं = presumptuously यत् = whatever उक्तं = said हे कृष्ण = O KRiShNa हे यादव = O Yadava हे सखे = O my dear friend इति = thus अजानता = without knowing महिमानं = glories तव = Your इदं = this मया = by me प्रमादात् = out of foolishness प्रणयेन = out of love वापि = either यत् = whatever च = also अवहासार्थं = for joking असत्कृतः = dishonored असि = You have been विहार = in relaxation शय्या = in lying down आसन = in sitting भोजनेषु = or while eating together एकः = alone अथवा = or अपि = also अच्युत = O infallible one तत्समक्षं = among companions तत् = all those क्षामये = ask forgiveness त्वं = from You अहं = I अप्रमेयं = immeasurable. पिता = the father असि = You are लोकस्य = of all the world चर = moving अचरस्य = and nonmoving त्वं = You are अस्य = of this पूज्यः = worshipable च = also गुरुः = master गरीयान् = glorious न = never त्वत्समः = equal to You अस्ति = there is अभ्यधिकः = greater कुतः = how is it possible अन्यः = other लोकत्रये = in the three planetary systems अपि = also अप्रतिमप्रभाव = O immeasurable power. तस्मात् = therefore प्रणम्य = offering obeisances प्रणिधाय = laying down कायं = the body प्रसादये = to beg mercy त्वं = unto You अहं = I ईशं = unto the Supreme Lord इड्यं = worshipable पितेव = like a father पुत्रस्य = with a son सखैव = like a friend सख्युः = with a friend प्रियः = a lover प्रियायाः = with the dearmost अर्हसि = You should देव = my Lord सोढुं = tolerate. अदृष्टपूर्वं = never seen before हृषितः = gladdened अस्मि = I am दृष्ट्वा = by seeing भयेन = out of fear च = also प्रव्यथितं = perturbed मनः = mind मे = my तत् = that एव = certainly मे = unto me दर्शय = show देव = O Lord रूपं = the form प्रसीद = just be gracious देवेश = O Lord of lords जगन्निवास = O refuge of the universe. किरीटिनं = with helmet गदिनं = with club चक्रहस्तं = disc in hand इच्छामि = I wish त्वां = You द्रष्टुं = to see अहं = I तथैव = in that position तेनैव = in that रूपेण = form चतुर्भुजेन = four-handed सहस्रबाहो = O thousand-handed one भव = just become विश्वमूर्ते = O universal form. श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Supreme Personality of Godhead said मया = by Me प्रसन्नेन = happily तव = unto you अर्जुन = O Arjuna इदं = this रूपं = form परं = transcendental दर्शितं = shown आत्मयोगात् = by My internal potency तेजोमयं = full of effulgence विश्वं = the entire universe अनन्तं = unlimited आद्यं = original यत् = that which मे = My त्वदन्येन = besides you न दृष्टपूर्वं = no one has previously seen. न = never वेदयज्ञ = by sacrifice अध्ययनैः = or Vedic study न = never दानैः = by charity न = never च = also क्रियाभिः = by pious activities न = never तपोभिः = by serious penances उग्रैः = severe एवं रूपः = in this form शक्यः = can अहं = I नृलोके = in this material world द्रष्टुं = be seen त्वत् = than you अन्येन = by another कुरुप्रवीर = O best among the Kuru warriors. मा = let it not be ते = unto you व्यथा = trouble मा = let it not be च = also विमूढभावः = bewilderment दृष्ट्वा = by seeing रूपं = form घोरं = horrible इदृक् = as it is मम = My इदं = this व्यपेतभीः = free from all fear प्रीतमनाः = pleased in mind पुनः = again त्वं = you तत् = that एव = thus मे = My रूपं = form इदं = this प्रपश्य = just see. सञ्जय उवाच = Sanjaya said इति = thus अर्जुनं = unto Arjuna वासुदेवाः = KRiShNa तथा = in that way उक्त्वा = speaking स्वकं = His own रूपं = form दर्शयामास = showed भूयः = again आश्वासयामास = encouraged च = also भीतं = fearful एनं = him भूत्वा = becoming पुनः = again सौम्यवपुः = the beautiful form महात्मा = the great one. अर्जुन उवाच = Arjuna said दृष्ट्वा = seeing इदं = this मानुषं = human रूपं = form तव = Your सौम्यं = very beautiful जनार्दन = O chastiser of the enemies इदानीं = now अस्मि = I am संवृत्तः = settled सचेताः = in my consciousness प्रकृतिं = to my own nature गतः = returned. श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Supreme Personality of Godhead said सुदुर्दर्शं = very difficult to see इदं = this रूपं = form दृष्टवानसि = as you have seen यत् = which मम = of Mine देवाः = the demigods अपि = also अस्य = this रूपस्य = form नित्यं = eternally दर्शनकाङ्क्षिणः = aspiring to see. न = never अहं = I वेदैः = by study of the Vedas न = never तपसा = by serious penances न = never दानेन = by charity न = never च = also इज्यया = by worship शक्यः = it is possible एवंविधाः = like this द्रष्टुं = to see दृष्टवान् = seeing असि = you are मां = Me यथा = as. भक्त्या = by devotional service तु = but अनन्यया = without being mixed with fruitive activities or speculative knowledge शक्यः = possible अहं = I एवंविधः = like this अर्जुन = O Arjuna ज्ञातुं = to know द्रष्टुं = to see च = and तत्त्वेन = in fact प्रवेष्टुं = to enter into च = also परन्तप = O mighty-armed one. मत्कर्मकृत् = engaged in doing My work मत्परमः = considering Me the Supreme मद्भक्तः = engaged in My devotional service संगवर्जितः = freed from the contamination of fruitive activities and mental speculation निर्वैरः = without an enemy सर्वभूतेषु = among all living entities यः = one who सः = he मां = unto Me एति = comes पाण्डव = O son of Pandu. End of 11.55
अर्जुन उवाच = Arjuna said एवं = thus सतत = always युक्तः = engaged ये = those who भक्ताः = devotees त्वां = You पर्युपासते = properly worship ये = those who च = also अपि = again अक्षरं = beyond the senses अव्यक्तं = the unmanifested तेषां = of them के = who योगवित्तमाः = the most perfect in knowledge of yoga. श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Supreme Personality of Godhead said मयि = upon Me आवेश्य = fixing मनः = the mind ये = those who मां = Me नित्य = always युक्ताः = engaged उपासते = worship श्रद्धया = with faith परया = transcendental उपेतः = endowed ते = they मे = by Me युक्ततमाः = most perfect in yoga मताः = are considered. ये = those who तु = but अक्षरं = that which is beyond the perception of the senses अनिर्देश्यं = indefinite अव्यक्तं = unmanifested पर्युपासते = completely engage in worshiping सर्वत्रगं = all-pervading अचिन्त्यं = inconceivable च = also कूटस्थं = unchanging अचलं = immovable ध्रुवं = fixed सन्नियम्य = controlling इन्द्रियग्रामं = all the senses सर्वत्र = everywhere समबुद्धयः = equally disposed ते = they प्राप्नुवन्ति = achieve मां = Me एव = certainly सर्वभूतहिते = for the welfare of all living entities रताः = engaged. क्लेशः = trouble अधिकतरः = very much तेषां = of them अव्यक्त = to the unmanifested असक्त = attached चेतसां = of those whose minds अव्यक्ता = toward the unmanifested हि = certainly गतिः = progress दुःखं = with trouble देहवद्भिः = by the embodied अवाप्यते = is achieved. ये = those who तु = but सर्वाणि = all कर्माणि = activities मयि = unto Me संन्यस्य = giving up मत्पराः = being attached to Me अनन्येन = without division एव = certainly योगेन = by practice of such bhakti-yoga मां = upon Me ध्यायन्तः = meditating उपासते = worship तेषां = of them अहं = I समुद्धर्ता = the deliverer मृत्यु = of death संसार = in material existence सागरात् = from the ocean भवामि = I become न = not चिरात् = after a long time पार्थ = O son of Pritha मयि = upon Me आवेशित = fixed चेतसां = of those whose minds. मयि = upon Me एव = certainly मनः = mind आधत्स्व = fix मयि = upon Me बुद्धिं = intelligence निवेशय = apply निवसिष्यसि = you will live मयि = in Me एव = certainly अत ऊर्ध्वं = thereafter न = never संशयः = doubt. अथ = if, therefore चित्तं = mind समाधातुं = to fix न = not शक्नोषि = you are able मयि = upon Me स्थिरं = steadily अभ्यासयोगेन = by the practice of devotional service ततः = then मां = Me इच्छा = desire आप्तुं = to get धनञ्जय = O winner of wealth, Arjuna. अभ्यासे = in practice अपि = even if असमर्थः = unable असि = you are मत्कर्म = My work परमः = dedicated to भव = become मदर्थं = for My sake अपि = even कर्माणि = work कुर्वन् = performing सिद्धिं = perfection अवाप्स्यसि = you will achieve. अथ = even though एतत् = this अपि = also अशक्तः = unable असि = you are कर्तुं = to perform मत् = unto Me योगं = in devotional service आश्रितः = taking refuge सर्वकर्म = of all activities फल = of the results त्यागं = renunciation ततः = then कुरु = do यतात्मवान् = self-situated. श्रेयः = better हि = certainly ज्ञानं = knowledge अभ्यासात् = than practice ज्ञानात् = than knowledge ध्यानं = meditation विशिष्यते = is considered better ध्यानात् = than meditation कर्मफलत्यागः = renunciation of the results of fruitive action त्यागात् = by such renunciation शान्तिः = peace अनन्तरं = thereafter. अद्वेष्टा = nonenvious सर्वभूतानां = toward all living entities मैत्रः = friendly करुणः = kindly एव = certainly च = also निर्ममः = with no sense of proprietorship निरहङ्कारः = without false ego सम = equal दुःख = in distress सुखः = and happiness क्षमी = forgiving सन्तुष्टः = satisfied सततं = always योगी = one engaged in devotion यतात्म = self-controlled दृढनिश्चयः = with determination मयि = upon Me अर्पित = engaged मनः = mind बुद्धिः = and intelligence यः = one who मद्भक्तः = My devotee सः = he मे = to Me प्रियः = dear. यस्मात् = from whom न = never उद्विजते = are agitated लोकः = people लोकात् = from people न = never उद्विजते = is disturbed च = also यः = anyone who हर्ष = from happiness अमर्ष = distress भय = fear उद्वेगैः = and anxiety मुक्तः = freed यः = who सः = anyone च = also मे = to Me प्रियः = very dear. अनपेक्षः = neutral शुचिः = pure दक्षः = expert उदासीनः = free from care गतव्यथाः = freed from all distress सर्वारम्भ = of all endeavors परित्यागी = renouncer यः = anyone who मद्भक्तः = My devotee सः = he मे = to Me प्रियः = very dear. यः = one who न = never हृष्यति = takes pleasure न = never द्वेष्टि = grieves न = never शोचति = laments न = never काङ्क्षति = desires शुभ = of the auspicious अशुभ = and the inauspicious परित्यागी = renouncer भक्तिमान् = devotee यः = one who सः = he is मे = to Me प्रियः = dear. समः = equal शत्रौ = to an enemy च = also मित्रे = to a friend च = also तथा = so मान = in honor अपमानयोः = and dishonor शीत = in cold उष्ण = heat सुख = happiness दुःखेषु = and distress समः = equipoised सङ्गविवर्जितः = free from all association तुल्य = equal निन्दा = in defamation स्तुतिः = and repute मौनि = silent सन्तुष्टः = satisfied येनकेनचित् = with anything अनिकेतः = having no residence स्थिर = fixed मतिः = determination भक्तिमान् = engaged in devotion मे = to Me प्रियः = dear नरः = a man. ये = those who तु = but धर्म = of religion अमृतं = nectar इदं = this यथा = as उक्तं = said पर्युपासते = completely engage श्रद्दधानाः = with faith मत्परमाः = taking Me, the Supreme Lord, as everything भक्तः = devotees ते = they अतीव = very, very मे = to Me प्रियः = dear. End of 12.20
अर्जुन उवाच = Arjuna said प्रकृतिं = nature पुरुषं = the enjoyer च = also एव = certainly क्षेत्रं = the field क्षेत्रज्ञं = the knower of the field एव = certainly च = also एतत् = all this वेदितुं = to understand इच्छामि = I wish ज्ञानं = knowledge ज्ञेयं = the object of knowledge च = also केशव = O KRiShNa श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Personality of Godhead said इदं = this शरीरं = body कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti क्षेत्रं = the field इति = thus अभिधीयते = is called एतत् = this यः = one who वेत्ति = knows तं = he प्राहुः = is called क्षेत्रज्ञः = the knower of the field इति = thus तत्विदः = by those who know this. क्षेत्रज्ञं = the knower of the field च = also अपि = certainly मां = Me विद्धि = know सर्व = all क्षेत्रेषु = in bodily fields भारत = O son of Bharata क्षेत्र = the field of activities (the body) क्षेत्रज्ञयोः = and the knower of the field ज्ञानं = knowledge of यत् = that which तत् = that ज्ञानं = knowledge मतं = opinion मम = My. तत् = that क्षेत्रं = field of activities यत् = what च = also यादृक् = as it is च = also यत् = having what विकारि = changes यतः = from which च = also यत् = what सः = he च = also यः = who यत् = having what प्रभावः = influence च = also तत् = that समासेन = in summary मे = from Me शृणु = understand. ऋषिभिः = by the wise sages बहुधा = in many ways गीतं = described छन्दोभिः = by Vedic hymns विविधैः = various पृथक् = variously ब्रह्मसूत्र = of the Vedanta पदैः = by the aphorisms च = also एव = certainly हेतुमद्भिः = with cause and effect विनिश्चितैः = certain. महाभूतानी = the great elements अहङ्कारः = false ego बुद्धिः = intelligence अव्यक्तं = the unmanifested एव = certainly च = also इन्द्रियाणि = the senses दशैकं = eleven च = also पञ्च = five च = also इन्द्रियगोचराः = the objects of the senses इच्छा = desire द्वेषः = hatred सुखं = happiness दुःखं = distress सङ्घातः = the aggregate चेतना = living symptoms धृतिः = conviction एतत् = all this क्षेत्रं = the field of activities समासेन = in summary सविकारं = with interactions उदाहृतं = exemplified. अमानित्वं = humility अदम्भित्वं = pridelessness अहिंसा = nonviolence क्षन्तिः = tolerance आर्जवं = simplicity आचार्योपासनं = approaching a bona fide spiritual master शौचं = cleanliness स्थैर्यं = steadfastness आत्मविनिग्रहः = self-control इन्द्रियार्थेषु = in the matter of the senses वैराग्यं = renunciation अनहङ्कारः = being without false egoism एव = certainly च = also जन्म = of birth मृत्यु = death जरा = old age व्याधि = and disease दुःख = of the distress दोष = the fault अनुदर्शनं = observing असक्तिः = being without attachment अनभिश्वङ्गः = being without association पुत्र = for son दारा = wife गृहादिषु = home, etc. नित्यं = constant च = also समचित्तत्वं = equilibrium इष्ट = the desirable अनिष्ट = and undesirable उपपत्तिषु = having obtained मयि = unto Me च = also अनन्ययोगेन = by unalloyed devotional service भक्तिः = devotion अव्यभिचारिणी = without any break विविक्त = to solitary देश = places सेवित्वं = aspiring अरतिः = being without attachment जनसंसदि = to people in general अध्यात्म = pertaining to the self ज्ञान = in knowledge नित्यत्वं = constancy तत्त्वज्ञान = of knowledge of the truth अर्थ = for the object दर्शनं = philosophy एतत् = all this ज्ञानं = knowledge इति = thus प्रोक्तं = declared अज्ञानं = ignorance यत् = that which अतः = from this अन्यथा = other. ज्ञेयं = the knowable यत् = which तत् = that प्रवक्ष्यामि = I shall now explain यत् = which ज्ञात्वा = knowing अमृतं = nectar अश्नुते = one tastes अनादि = beginningless मत्परं = subordinate to Me ब्रह्म = spirit न = neither सत् = cause तत् = that न = nor असत् = effect उच्यते = is said to be. सर्वतः = everywhere पाणि = hands पदं = legs तत् = that सर्वतः = everywhere अक्षि = eyes शिरः = heads मुखं = faces सर्वतः = everywhere श्रुतिमत् = having ears लोके = in the world सर्वं = everything आवृत्य = covering तिष्ठति = exists. सर्व = of all इन्द्रिय = senses गुण = of the qualities आभासं = the original source सर्व = all इन्द्रिय = senses विवर्जितं = being without असक्तं = without attachment सर्वभृत् = the maintainer of everyone च = also एव = certainly निर्गुणं = without material qualities गुणभोक्तृ = master of the gunas च = also. बहिः = outside अन्तः = inside च = also भूतानां = of all living entities अचरं = not moving चरं = moving एव = also च = and सूक्ष्मत्वात् = on account of being subtle तत् = that अविज्ञेयं = unknowable दूरस्थं = far away च = also अन्तिके = near च = and तत् = that. अविभक्तं = without division च = also भूतेषु = in all living beings विभक्तं = divided इव = as if च = also स्थितं = situated भूतभर्तृ = the maintainer of all living entities च = also तत् = that ज्ञेयं = to be understood ग्रसिष्णु = devouring प्रभविष्णु = developing च = also. ज्योतीषां = in all luminous objects अपि = also तत् = that ज्योतिः = the source of light तमसः = the darkness परं = beyond उच्यते = is said ज्ञानं = knowledge ज्ञेयं = to be known ज्ञानगम्यं = to be approached by knowledge हृदि = in the heart सर्वस्य = of everyone विष्ठितं = situated. इति = thus क्षेत्रं = the field of activities (the body) तथा = also ज्ञानं = knowledge ज्ञेयं = the knowable च = also उक्तं = described समासतः = in summary मद्भक्तः = My devotee एतत् = all this विज्ञाय = after understanding मद्भावाय = to My nature उपपद्यते = attains. प्रकृतिं = material nature पुरुषं = the living entities च = also एव = certainly विद्धि = you must know अनादि = without beginning उभौ = both अपि = also विकारान् = transformations च = also गुणान् = the three modes of nature च = also एव = certainly विद्धि = know प्रकृति = material nature सम्भवान् = produced of. कार्य = of effect कारण = and cause कर्तृत्वे = in the matter of creation हेतुः = the instrument प्रकृतिः = material nature उच्यते = is said to be पुरुषः = the living entity सुख = of happiness दुःखानां = and distress भोक्तृत्वे = in enjoyment हेतुः = the instrument उच्यते = is said to be. पुरुषः = the living entity प्रकृतिस्थः = being situated in the material energy हि = certainly भुङ्क्ते = enjoys प्रकृतिजान् = produced by the material nature गुणान् = the modes of nature करणं = the cause गुणसङ्गः = the association with the modes of nature अस्य = of the living entity सदसत् = in good and bad योनि = species of life जन्मसु = in births. उपद्रष्टा = overseer अनुमन्ता = permitter च = also भर्ता = master भोक्ता = supreme enjoyer महेश्वरः = the Supreme Lord परमात्म = the Supersoul इति = also च = and अपि = indeed उक्तः = is said देहे = in the body अस्मिन् = this पुरुषः = enjoyer परः = transcendental. यः = anyone who एवं = thus वेत्ति = understands पुरुषं = the living entity प्रकृतिं = material nature च = and गुणैः = the modes of material nature सह = with सर्वथा = in all ways वर्तमानः = being situated अपि = in spite of न = never सः = he भूयः = again अभिजायते = takes his birth. ध्यानेन = by meditation आत्मनि = within the self पश्यन्ति = see केचित् = some आत्मानं = the Supersoul आत्मना = by the mind अन्ये = others साङ्ख्येन = of philosophical discussion योगेन = by the yoga system कर्मयोगेण = by activities without fruitive desire च = also अपरे = others. अन्ये = others तु = but एवं = thus अजानन्तः = without spiritual knowledge श्रुत्वा = by hearing अन्येभ्यः = from others उपासते = begin to worship ते = they अपि = also च = and अतितरन्ति = transcend एव = certainly मृत्युं = the path of death श्रुतिपरायणाः = inclined to the process of hearing. यावत् = whatever सञ्जायते = comes into being किञ्चित् = anything सत्त्वं = existence स्थावर = not moving जङ्गमं = moving क्षेत्र = of the body क्षेत्रज्ञ = and the knower of the body संयोगात् = by the union between तद्विद्धि = you must know it भरतर्षभ = O chief of the Bharatas. समं = equally सर्वेषु = in all भूतेषु = living entities तिष्ठन्तं = residing परमेश्वरं = the Supersoul विनश्यत्सु = in the destructible अविनश्यन्तं = not destroyed यः = anyone who पश्यति = sees सः = he पश्यति = actually sees. समं = equally पश्यन् = seeing हि = certainly सर्वत्र = everywhere समवस्थितं = equally situated ईश्वरं = the Supersoul न = does not हिनस्ति = degrade आत्मना = by the mind आत्मानं = the soul ततः = then याति = reaches परां = the transcendental गतिं = destination. प्रकृत्या = by material nature एव = certainly च = also कर्माणि = activities क्रियमाणानि = being performed सर्वशः = in all respects यः = anyone who पश्यति = sees तथा = also आत्मानं = himself अकर्तारं = the nondoer सः = he पश्यति = sees perfectly. यदा = when भूत = of living entities पृथग्भावं = separated identities एकस्थं = situated in one अनुपश्यति = one tries to see through authority ततः एव = thereafter च = also विस्तारं = the expansion ब्रह्म = the Absolute सम्पद्यते = he attains तदा = at that time. अनादित्वात् = due to eternity निर्गुणत्वात् = due to being transcendental परम = beyond material nature आत्मा = spirit अयं = this अव्ययः = inexhaustible शरीरस्थः = dwelling in the body अपि = though कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti न करोति = never does anything न लिप्यते = nor is he entangled. यथा = as सर्वगतं = all-pervading सौक्ष्म्यात् = due to being subtle आकाशं = the sky न = never उपलिप्यते = mixes सर्वत्र = everywhere अवस्थितः = situated देहे = in the body तथा = so आत्मा = the self न = never उपलिप्यते = mixes. यथा = as प्रकाशयति = illuminates एकः = one कृत्स्नं = the whole लोकं = universe इमं = this रविः = sun क्षेत्रं = this body क्षेत्री = the soul तथा = similarly कृत्स्नं = all प्रकाशयति = illuminates भारत = O son of Bharata. क्षेत्र = of the body क्षेत्रज्ञयोः = of the proprietor of the body एवं = thus अन्तरं = the difference ज्ञानचक्षुषा = by the vision of knowledge भूत = of the living entity प्रकृति = from material nature मोक्षं = the liberation च = also ये = those who विदुः = know यान्ति = approach ते = they परं = the Supreme. End of 13.35
श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Supreme Personality of Godhead said परं = transcendental भूयः = again प्रवक्ष्यामि = I shall speak ज्ञानानां = of all knowledge ज्ञानं = knowledge उत्तमं = the supreme यत् = which ज्ञात्वा = knowing मुनयः = the sages सर्वे = all परं = transcendental सिद्धिं = perfection इतः = from this world गताः = attained. इदं = this ज्ञानं = knowledge उपाश्रित्य = taking shelter of मम = My साधर्म्यं = same nature आगतः = having attained सर्गेऽपि = even in the creation न = never उपजायन्ते = are born प्रलये = in the annihilation न = nor व्यथन्ति = are disturbed च = also. मम = My योनिः = source of birth महत् = the total material existence ब्रह्म = supreme तस्मिन् = in that गर्भं = pregnancy दधामि = create अहं = I सम्भवः = the possibility सर्वभूतानां = of all living entities ततः = thereafter भवति = becomes भारत = O son of Bharata. सर्वयोनिषु = in all species of life कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti मूर्तयः = forms सम्भवन्ति = they appear यः = which तासां = of all of them ब्रह्म = the supreme महद्योनिः = source of birth in the material substance अहं = I बीजप्रदः = the seed-giving पिता = father. सत्त्वं = the mode of goodness रजः = the mode of passion तमः = the mode of ignorance इति = thus गुणाः = the qualities प्रकृति = material nature सम्भवाः = produced of निबध्नन्ति = do condition महाबाहो = O mighty-armed one देहे = in this body देहीनं = the living entity अव्ययं = eternal. तत्र = there सत्त्वं = the mode of goodness निर्मलत्वात् = being purest in the material world प्रकाशकं = illuminating अनामयं = without any sinful reaction सुख = with happiness सङ्गेन = by association बध्नाति = conditions ज्ञान = with knowledge सङ्गेन = by association च = also अनघ = O sinless one. रजः = the mode of passion रागात्मकं = born of desire or lust विद्धि = know तृष्णा = with hankering सङ्ग = association समुद्भवं = produced of तत् = that निबध्नाति = binds कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti कर्मसङ्गेन = by association with fruitive activity देहिनं = the embodied. तमः = the mode of ignorance तु = but अज्ञानजं = produced of ignorance विद्धि = know मोहनं = the delusion सर्वदेहिनां = of all embodied beings प्रमाद = with madness अलस्य = indolence निद्राभिः = and sleep तत् = that निबध्नाति = binds भारत = O son of Bharata. सत्त्वं = the mode of goodness सुखे = in happiness सञ्जयति = binds रजः = the mode of passion कर्माणि = in fruitive activity भारत = O son of Bharata ज्ञानं = knowledge आवृत्य = covering तु = but तमः = the mode of ignorance प्रमादे = in madness सञ्जयति = binds उत = it is said. रजः = the mode of passion तमः = the mode of ignorance च = also अभिभूय = surpassing सत्त्वं = the mode of goodness भवति = becomes prominent भारत = O son of Bharata रजः = the mode of passion सत्त्वं = the mode of goodness तमः = the mode of ignorance च = also एव = like that तमः = the mode of ignorance सत्त्वं = the mode of goodness रजः = the mode of passion तथा = thus. सर्वद्वारेषु = in all the gates देहेऽस्मिन् = in this body प्रकाशः = the quality of illumination उपजायते = develops ज्ञानं = knowledge यदा = when तदा = at that time विद्यात् = know विवृद्धं = increased सत्त्वं = the mode of goodness इत्युत = thus it is said. लोभः = greed प्रवृत्तिः = activity आरम्भः = endeavor कर्मणां = in activities अशमः = uncontrollable स्पृहा = desire रजसि = of the mode of passion एतानि = all these जायन्ते = develop विवृद्धे = when there is an excess भरतर्षभ = O chief of the descendants of Bharata. अप्रकाशः = darkness अप्रवृत्तिः = inactivity च = and प्रमादः = madness मोहः = illusion एव = certainly च = also तमसि = the mode of ignorance एतानि = these जायन्ते = are manifested विवृद्धे = when developed कुरुनन्दन = O son of Kuru. यदा = when सत्त्वे = the mode of goodness प्रवृद्धे = developed तु = but प्रलयं = dissolution याति = goes देहभृत् = the embodied तदा = at that time उत्तमविदां = of the great sages लोकान् = the planets अमलान् = pure प्रतिपद्यते = attains. रजसि = in passion प्रलयं = dissolution गत्वा = attaining कर्मसङ्गिषु = in the association of those engaged in fruitive activities जायते = takes birth तथा = similarly प्रलीनः = being dissolved तमसि = in ignorance मूढयोनिषु = in animal species जायते = takes birth. कर्मणः = of work सुकृतस्य = pious आहुः = is said सात्त्विकं = in the mode of goodness निर्मलं = purified फलं = the result रजसः = of the mode of passion तु = but फलं = the result दुःखं = misery अज्ञानं = nonsense तमसः = of the mode of ignorance फलं = the result. सत्त्वात् = from the mode of goodness सञ्जायते = develops ज्ञानं = knowledge रजसः = from the mode of passion लोभः = greed एव = certainly च = also प्रमाद = madness मोहौ = and illusion तमसः = from the mode of ignorance भवतः = develop अज्ञानं = nonsense एव = certainly च = also. ऊर्ध्वं = upwards गच्छन्ति = go सत्त्वस्थाः = those situated in the mode of goodness मध्ये = in the middle तिष्ठन्ति = dwell राजसाः = those situated in the mode of passion जघन्य = of abominable गुण = quality वृत्तिस्थाः = whose occupation अधः = down गच्छन्ति = go तामसाः = persons in the mode of ignorance. न = no अन्यं = other गुणेभ्यः = than the qualities कर्तारं = performer यदा = when द्रष्टा = a seer अनुपश्यति = sees properly गुणेभ्यः = to the modes of nature च = and परं = transcendental वेत्ति = knows मद्भावं = to My spiritual nature सः = he अधिगच्छति = is promoted. गुणान् = qualities एतान् = all these अतीत्य = transcending त्रीन् = three देही = the embodied देह = the body समुद्भवान् = produced of जन्म = of birth मृत्यु = death जरा = and old age दुःखैः = the distresses विमुक्तः = being freed from अमृतं = nectar अश्नुते = he enjoys. अर्जुन उवाच = Arjuna said कैः = by which लिङ्गैः = symptoms त्रीन् = three गुणान् = qualities एतान् = all these अतीतः = having transcended भवति = is प्रभो = O my Lord किं = what आचारः = behavior कथं = how च = also एतान् = these त्रीन् = three गुणान् = qualities अतिवर्तते = transcends. श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Supreme Personality of Godhead said प्रकाशं = illumination च = and प्रवृत्तिं = attachment च = and मोहं = illusion एव च = also पाण्डव = O son of Pandu न द्वेष्टि = does not hate सम्प्रवृत्तानि = although developed न निवृत्तानि = nor stopping development काङ्क्षति = desires उदासीनवत् = as if neutral आसीनः = situated गुणैः = by the qualities यः = one who न = never विचाल्यते = is agitated गुणाः = the qualities वर्तन्ते = are acting इत्येवं = knowing thus यः = one who अवतिष्ठति = remains न = never इङ्गते = flickers सम = equal दुःख = in distress सुखः = and happiness स्वस्थः = being situated in himself सम = equally लोष्ट = a lump of earth अश्म = stone काञ्चनः = gold तुल्य = equally disposed प्रिय = to the dear अप्रियः = and the undesirable धीरः = steady तुल्य = equal निन्दा = in defamation आत्मसंस्तुतिः = and praise of himself मान = in honor अपमानयोः = and dishonor तुल्यः = equal तुल्यः = equal मित्र = of friends अरि = and enemies पक्षयोः = to the parties सर्व = of all आरम्भ = endeavors परित्यागी = renouncer गुणातीतः = transcendental to the material modes of nature सः = he उच्यते = is said to be. मां = unto Me च = also यः = a person who अव्यभिचारेण = without fail भक्तियोगेन = by devotional service सेवते = renders service सः = he गुणान् = the modes of material nature समतित्य = transcending एतान् = all these ब्रह्मभुयाय = elevated to the Brahman platform कल्पते = becomes. ब्रह्मणः = of the impersonal brahmajyoti हि = certainly प्रतिष्ठा = the rest अहं = I am अमृतस्य = of the immortal अव्ययस्य = of the imperishable च = also शाश्वतस्य = of the eternal च = and धर्मस्य = of the constitutional position सुखस्य = of happiness ऐकान्तिकस्य = ultimate च = also. End of 14.27
श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Supreme Personality of Godhead said ऊर्ध्वमूलं = with roots above अधः = downwards शाखं = branches अश्वत्थं = a banyan tree प्राहुः = is said अव्ययं = eternal छन्दांसि = the Vedic hymns यस्य = of which पर्णानि = the leaves यः = anyone who तं = that वेद = knows सः = he वेदवित् = the knower of the Vedas. अधः = downward च = and ऊर्ध्वं = upward प्रसृताः = extended तस्य = its शाखाः = branches गुण = by the modes of material nature प्रवृद्धाः = developed विषय = sense objects प्रवालाः = twigs अधः = downward च = and मूलानि = roots अनुसन्ततानि = extended कर्म = to work अनुबन्धीनि = bound मनुष्यलोके = in the world of human society. न = not रूपं = the form अस्य = of this tree इह = in this world तथा = also उपलभ्यते = can be perceived न = never अन्तः = end न = never च = also आदिः = beginning न = never च = also सम्प्रतिष्ठा = the foundation अश्वत्थं = banyan tree एनं = this सुविरूढ = strongly मूलं = rooted असङ्गशस्त्रेण = by the weapon of detachment दृढेन = strong छित्त्व = cutting ततः = thereafter पदं = situation तत् = that परिमार्गितव्यं = has to be searched out यस्मिन् = where गताः = going न = never निवर्तन्ति = they come back भूयः = again तं = to Him एव = certainly च = also आद्यं = original पुरुषं = the Personality of Godhead प्रपद्ये = surrender यतः = from whom प्रवृत्तिः = the beginning प्रसृता = extended पुराणी = very old. निः = without मान = false prestige मोहः = and illusion जित = having conquered सङ्ग = of association दोषाः = the faults अध्यात्म = in spiritual knowledge नित्याः = in eternity विनिवृत्त = disassociated कामाः = from lust द्वन्द्वैः = from the dualities विमुक्तः = liberated सुखदुःख = happiness and distress संज्ञैः = named गच्छन्ति = attain अमूढाः = unbewildered पदं = situation अव्ययं = eternal तत् = that. न = not तत् = that भासयते = illuminates सूर्यः = the sun न = nor शशाङ्कः = the moon न = nor पावकः = fire, electricity यत् = where गत्वा = going न = never निवर्तन्ते = they come back तद्धाम = that abode परमं = supreme मम = My. मम = My एव = certainly अंशः = fragmental particle जीवलोके = in the world of conditional life जीवभूतः = the conditioned living entity सनातनः = eternal मनः = with the mind षष्ठाणि = the six इन्द्रियाणि = senses प्रकृति = in material nature स्थानि = situated कर्षति = is struggling hard. शरीरं = the body यत् = as अवाप्नोति = gets यत् = as चापि = also उत्क्रामति = gives up ईश्वरः = the lord of the body गृहीत्वा = taking एतानि = all these संयाति = goes away वायुः = the air गन्धान् = smells इव = like अशयात् = from their source. श्रोत्रं = ears चक्षुः = eyes स्पर्शनं = touch च = also रसनं = tongue घ्राणं = smelling power एव = also च = and अधिष्ठाय = being situated in मनः = mind च = also अयं = he विषयान् = sense objects उपसेवते = enjoys. उत्क्रामन्तं = quitting the body स्थितं = situated in the body वापि = either भुञ्जानं = enjoying वा = or गुणान्वितं = under the spell of the modes of material nature विमूढाः = foolish persons न = never अनुपश्यन्ति = can see पश्यन्ति = can see ज्ञानचक्षुषः = those who have the eyes of knowledge. यतन्तः = endeavoring योगिनः = transcendentalists च = also एनं = this पश्यन्ति = can see आत्मनि = in the self अवस्थितं = situated यतन्तः = endeavoring अपि = although अकृतात्मानः = those without self-realization न = do not एनं = this पश्यन्ति = see अचेतसः = having undeveloped minds. यत् = that which आदित्यगतं = in the sunshine तेजः = splendor जगत् = the whole world भासयते = illuminates अखिलं = entirely यत् = that which चन्द्रमसि = in the moon यत् = that which च = also अग्नौ = in fire तत् = that तेजः = splendor विद्धि = understand मामकं = from Me. गां = the planets आविश्य = entering च = also भूतानी = the living entities धारयामि = sustain अहं = I ओजसा = by My energy पुष्णामि = am nourishing च = and औषधीः = vegetables सर्वाः = all सोमः = the moon भूत्वा = becoming रसात्मकः = supplying the juice. अहं = I वैश्वानरः = My plenary portion as the digesting fire भूत्वा = becoming प्राणिनां = of all living entities देहं = in the bodies आश्रितः = situated प्राण = the outgoing air अपान = the down-going air समायुक्तः = keeping in balance पचामि = I digest अन्नं = foodstuff चतुर्विधं = the four kinds. सर्वस्य = of all living beings च = and अहं = I हृदि = in the heart सन्निविष्टः = situated मत्तः = from Me स्मृतिः = remembrance ज्ञानं = knowledge अपोहनं = forgetfulness च = and वेदैः = by the Vedas च = also सर्वैः = all अहं = I am एव = certainly वेद्यः = knowable वेदान्तकृत् = the compiler of the Vedanta वेदवित् = the knower of the Vedas एव = certainly च = and अहं = I. द्वौ = two इमौ = these पुरुषौ = living entities लोके = in the world क्षरः = fallible च = and अक्षरः = infallible एव = certainly च = and क्षरः = fallible सर्वाणि = all भूतानी = living entities कूटस्थः = in oneness अक्षरः = infallible उच्यते = is said. उत्तमः = the best पुरुषः = personality तु = but अन्यः = another परम = the supreme आत्मा = self इति = thus उदाहृतः = is said यः = who लोक = of the universe त्रयं = the three divisions आविश्य = entering बिभर्ति = is maintaining अव्ययः = inexhaustible ईश्वरः = the Lord. यस्मात् = because क्षरं = to the fallible अतीतः = transcendental अहं = I am अक्षरात् = beyond the infallible अपि = also च = and उत्तमः = the best अतः = therefore अस्मि = I am लोके = in the world वेदे = in the Vedic literature च = and प्रथितः = celebrated पुरुषोत्तमः = as the Supreme Personality. यः = anyone who मां = Me एवं = thus असम्मूढः = without a doubt जानाति = knows पुरुषोत्तमं = the Supreme Personality of Godhead सः = he सर्ववित् = the knower of everything भजति = renders devotional service मां = unto Me सर्वभावेन = in all respects भारत = O son of Bharata. इति = thus गुह्यतमं = the most confidential शास्त्रं = revealed scripture इदं = this उक्तं = disclosed मया = by Me अनघ = O sinless one एतत् = this बुद्ध्वा = understanding बुद्धिमान् = intelligent स्यात् = one becomes कृतकृत्यः = the most perfect in his endeavors च = and भारत = O son of Bharata. End of 15.20
श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Supreme Personality of Godhead said अभयं = fearlessness सत्त्वसंशुद्धिः = purification of one's existence ज्ञान = in knowledge योग = of linking up व्यवस्थितिः = the situation दानं = charity दमः = controlling the mind च = and यज्ञः = performance of sacrifice च = and स्वाध्यायः = study of Vedic literature तपः = austerity आर्जवं = simplicity अहिंसा = nonviolence सत्यं = truthfulness अक्रोधः = freedom from anger त्यागः = renunciation शान्तिः = tranquillity अपैशुनं = aversion to fault-finding दया = mercy भूतेषु = towards all living entities अलोलुप्त्वं = freedom from greed मार्दवं = gentleness ह्रीः = modesty अचापलं = determination तेजः = vigor क्षमा = forgiveness धृतिः = fortitude शौचं = cleanliness अद्रोहः = freedom from envy न = not अति मानिता = expectation of honor भवन्ति = are सम्पदं = the qualities दैवीं = the transcendental nature अभिजातस्य = of one who is born of भारत = O son of Bharata. दम्भः = pride दर्पः = arrogance अभिमनः = conceit च = and क्रोधः = anger पारुष्यं = harshness एव = certainly च = and अज्ञानं = ignorance च = and अभिजातस्य = of one who is born of पार्थ = O son of Pritha सम्पदं = the qualities आसुरीं = the demoniac nature. दैवी = transcendental सम्पत् = assets विमोक्षाय = meant for liberation निबन्धाय = for bondage आसुरी = demoniac qualities मता = are considered मा = do not शुचः = worry सम्पदं = assets दैवीं = transcendental अभिजातः = born of असि = you are पाण्डव = O son of Pandu. द्वौ = two भूतसर्गौ = created living beings लोके = in the world अस्मिन् = this दैवः = godly आसुरः = demoniac एव = certainly च = and दैवः = the divine विस्तरशः = at great length प्रोक्तः = said आसुरं = the demoniac पार्थ = O son of Pritha मे = from Me शृणु = just hear. प्रवृत्तिं = acting properly च = also निवृत्तिं = not acting improperly च = and जनाः = persons न = never विदुः = know आसुरः = of demoniac quality न = never शौचं = cleanliness न = nor अपि = also च = and आचारः = behavior न = never सत्यं = truth तेषु = in them विद्यते = there is. असत्यं = unreal अप्रतिष्ठं = without foundation ते = they जगत् = the cosmic manifestation आहुः = say अनीश्वरं = with no controller अपरस्पर = without cause सम्भूतं = arisen kim अन्यत् = there is no other cause कामहैतुकं = it is due to lust only. एतां = this दृष्टिं = vision अवष्टभ्य = accepting नष्ट = having lost आत्मनः = themselves अल्पबुद्धयः = the less intelligent प्रभवन्ति = flourish उग्रकर्माणः = engaged in painful activities क्षयाय = for destruction जगतः = of the world अहिताः = unbeneficial. कामं = lust आश्रित्य = taking shelter of दुष्पूरं = insatiable दम्भ = of pride मन = and false prestige मदान्विताः = absorbed in the conceit मोहात् = by illusion गृहीत्वा = taking असत् = nonpermanent ग्राहान् = things प्रवर्तन्ते = they flourish अशुचि = to the unclean व्रताः = avowed. चिन्तां = fears and anxieties अपरिमेयं = immeasurable च = and प्रलयान्तां = unto the point of death उपाश्रिताः = having taken shelter of कामोपभोग = sense gratification परमाः = the highest goal of life एतावत् = thus इति = in this way निश्चिताः = having ascertained आशापाश = entanglements in a network of hope शतैः = by hundreds बद्धाः = being bound काम = of lust क्रोध = and anger परायणाः = always situated in the mentality ईहन्ते = they desire काम = lust भोग = sense enjoyment अर्थं = for the purpose of अन्यायेन = illegally अर्थ = of wealth सञ्चयान् = accumulation. इदं = this अद्य = today मया = by me लब्धं = gained इमं = this प्राप्स्ये = I shall gain मनोरथं = according to my desires इदं = this अस्ति = there is इदं = this अपि = also मे = mine भविष्यति = it will increase in the future पुनः = again धनं = wealth असौ = that मया = by me हतः = has been killed शत्रुः = enemy हनिष्ये = I shall kill च = also अपरान् = others अपि = certainly ईश्वरः = the lord अहं = I am अहं = I am भोगी = the enjoyer सिद्धः = perfect अहं = I am बलवान् = powerful सुखी = happy आढ्यः = wealthy अभिजनवान् = surrounded by aristocratic relatives अस्मि = I am कः = who अन्यः = other अस्ति = there is सदृशः = like मया = me यक्ष्ये = I shall sacrifice दास्यामि = I shall give charity मोदिष्ये = I shall rejoice इति = thus अज्ञान = by ignorance विमोहिताः = deluded. अनेक = numerous चित्त = by anxieties विभ्रान्ताः = perplexed मोह = of illusions जाल = by a network समावृतः = surrounded प्रसक्ताः = attached कामभोगेषु = to sense gratification पतन्ति = they glide down नरके = into hell अशुचौ = unclean. आत्मासम्भविताः = self-complacent स्तब्धः = impudent धनमान = of wealth and false prestige मद = in the delusion अन्विताः = absorbed यजन्ते = they perform sacrifice नाम = in name only यज्ञैः = with sacrifices ते = they दम्भेन = out of pride अविधिपूर्वकं = without following any rules and regulations. अहङ्कारं = false ego बलं = strength दर्पं = pride कामं = lust क्रोधं = anger च = also संश्रिताः = having taken shelter of मां = Me आत्म = in their own पर = and in other देहेषु = bodies प्रद्विषन्तः = blaspheming अभ्यसूयकाः = envious. तान् = those अहं = I द्विषतः = envious क्रूरान् = mischievous संसारेषु = into the ocean of material existence नराधमान् = the lowest of mankind क्षिपामि = I put अजस्रं = forever अशुभान् = inauspicious आसुरीषु = demoniac एव = certainly योनिषु = into the wombs. आसुरीं = demoniac योनिं = species आपन्नाः = gaining मूढाः = the foolish जन्मनि जन्मनि = in birth after birth मां = Me अप्राप्य = without achieving एव = certainly कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti ततः = thereafter यान्ति = go अधमां = condemned गतिं = destination. त्रिविधं = of three kinds नरकस्य = of hell इदं = this द्वारं = gate नाशनं = destructive आत्मनः = of the self कामः = lust क्रोधः = anger तथा = as well as लोभः = greed तस्मात् = therefore एतत् = these त्रयं = three त्यजेत् = one must give up. एतैः = from these विमुक्तः = being liberated कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti तमोद्वारैः = from the gates of ignorance त्रिभिः = of three kinds नरः = a person आचरति = performs आत्मनः = for the self श्रेयः = benediction ततः = thereafter याति = he goes परां = to the supreme गतिं = destination. यः = anyone who शास्त्रविधिं = the regulations of the scriptures उत्सृज्य = giving up वर्तते = remains कामकारतः = acting whimsically in lust न = never सः = he सिद्धिं = perfection अवाप्नोति = achieves न = never सुखं = happiness न = never परां = the supreme गतिं = perfectional stage. तस्मात् = therefore शास्त्रं = the scriptures प्रमाणं = evidence ते = your कार्य = duty अकार्य = and forbidden activities व्यवस्थितौ = in determining ज्ञात्वा = knowing शास्त्र = of scripture विधान = the regulations उक्तं = as declared कर्म = work कर्तुं = do इह = in this world अर्हसि = you should. End of 16.24
अर्जुन उवाच = Arjuna said ये = those who शास्त्रविधिं = the regulations of scripture उत्सृज्य = giving up यजन्ते = worship श्रद्धया = full faith अन्विताः = possessed of तेषां = of them निष्ठा = the faith तु = but का = what कृष्ण = O KRiShNa सत्त्वं = in goodness आहो = or else रजः = in passion तमः = in ignorance. श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Supreme Personality of Godhead said त्रिविधा = of three kinds भवति = becomes श्रद्धा = the faith देहिनां = of the embodied सा = that स्वभावजा = according to his mode of material nature सात्त्विकी = in the mode of goodness राजसी = in the mode of passion च = also एव = certainly तामसी = in the mode of ignorance च = and इति = thus तां = that शृणु = hear from Me. सत्त्वानुरूपा = according to the existence सर्वस्य = of everyone श्रद्धा = faith भवति = becomes भारत = O son of Bharata श्रद्धा = faith मयः = full of अयं = this पुरुषः = living entity यः = who यत् = having which श्रद्धः = faith सः = thus एव = certainly सः = he. यजन्ते = worship सात्त्विकाः = those who are in the mode of goodness देवान् = demigods यक्षरक्षांसि = demons राजसाः = those who are in the mode of passion प्रेतान् = spirits of the dead भूतगणान् = ghosts च = and अन्ये = others यजन्ते = worship तामसाः = in the mode of ignorance जनाः = people. अशास्त्र = not in the scriptures विहितं = directed घोरं = harmful to others तप्यन्ते = undergo ये = those who तपः = austerities जनाः = persons दम्भ = with pride अहङ्कार = and egoism संयुक्ताः = engaged काम = of lust राग = and attachment बल = by the force अन्विताः = impelled कर्षयन्तः = tormenting शरीरस्थं = situated within the body भूतग्रामं = the combination of material elements अचेतसः = having a misled mentality मां = Me च = also एव = certainly अन्तः = within शरीरस्थं = situated in the body तान् = them विद्धि = understand आसुरनिश्चयान् = demons. आहारः = eating तु = certainly अपि = also सर्वस्य = of everyone त्रिविधः = of three kinds भवति = there is प्रियः = dear यज्ञः = sacrifice तपः = austerity तथा = also दानं = charity तेषां = of them भेदं = the differences इमं = this शृणु = hear. आयुः = duration of life सत्त्व = existence बल = strength आरोग्य = health सुख = happiness प्रीति = and satisfaction विवर्धनाः = increasing रस्याः = juicy स्निग्धाः = fatty स्थिराः = enduring हृद्याः = pleasing to the heart आहारः = food सात्त्विक = to one in goodness प्रियाः = palatable. कटु = bitter आम्ल = sour लवण = salty अत्युष्ण = very hot तीक्ष्ण = pungent रुक्ष = dry विदाहिनः = burning आहारः = food राजसस्य = to one in the mode of passion इष्टाः = palatable दुःख = distress शोक = misery आमय = disease प्रदाः = causing. यातयामं = food cooked three hours before being eaten गतरसं = tasteless पूति = bad-smelling पर्युषितं = decomposed च = also यत् = that which उच्छिष्टं = remnants of food eaten by others अपि = also च = and अमेध्यं = untouchable भोजनं = eating तामस = to one in the mode of darkness प्रियं = dear. अफलाकाङ्क्षिभिः = by those devoid of desire for result यज्ञः = sacrifice विधिदिष्टः = according to the direction of scripture यः = which इज्यते = is performed यष्टव्यं = must be performed एव = certainly इति = thus मनः = mind समाधाय = fixing सः = it सात्त्विकः = in the mode of goodness. अभिसन्धाय = desiring तु = but फलं = the result दम्भ = pride अर्थं = for the sake of अपि = also च = and एव = certainly यत् = that which इज्यते = is performed भरतश्रेष्ठ = O chief of the Bharatas तं = that यज्ञं = sacrifice विद्धि = know राजसं = in the mode of passion. विधिहीनं = without scriptural direction असृष्टान्नं = without distribution of prasAdam मन्त्रहीनं = with no chanting of the Vedic hymns अदक्षिणं = with no remunerations to the priests श्रद्धा = faith विरहितं = without यज्ञं = sacrifice तामसं = in the mode of ignorance परिचक्षते = is to be considered. देव = of the Supreme Lord द्विज = the brahmanas गुरु = the spiritual master प्रज्ञा = and worshipable personalities पूजानं = worship शौचं = cleanliness आर्जवं = simplicity ब्रह्मचर्यं = celibacy अहिंसा = nonviolence च = also शरीरं = pertaining to the body तपः = austerity उच्यते = is said to be. अनुद्वेगकरं = not agitating वाक्यं = words सत्यं = truthful प्रिय = dear हितं = beneficial च = also यत् = which स्वाध्याय = of Vedic study अभ्यसनं = practice च = also एव = certainly वाङ्मयं = of the voice तपः = austerity उच्यते = is said to be. मनःप्रसादः = satisfaction of the mind सौम्यत्वं = being without duplicity towards others मौनं = gravity आत्म = of the self विनिग्रहः = control भाव = of one's nature संशुद्धिः = purification इति = thus एतत् = this तपः = austerity मानसं = of the mind उच्यते = is said to be. श्रद्धया = with faith परया = transcendental तप्तं = executed तपः = austerity तत् = that त्रिविधं = of three kinds नरैः = by men अफलाकाङ्क्षिभिः = who are without desires for fruits युक्तैः = engaged सात्त्विकं = in the mode of goodness परिचक्षते = is called. सत्कार = respect मान = honor पूजा = and worship अर्थं = for the sake of तपः = austerity दम्भेन = with pride च = also एव = certainly यत् = which क्रियते = is performed तत् = that इह = in this world प्रोक्तं = is said राजसं = in the mode of passion चलं = flickering अध्रुवं = temporary. मूढ = foolish ग्राहेण = with endeavor आत्मनः = of one's own self यत् = which पीडया = by torture क्रियते = is performed तपः = penance परस्य = to others उत्सादनार्थं = for the sake of causing annihilation वा = or तत् = that तामसं = in the mode of darkness उदाहृतं = is said to be. दातव्यं = worth giving इति = thus यत् = that which दानं = charity दीयते = is given अनुपकारिणे = irrespective of return देशे = in a proper place काले = at a proper time च = also पात्रे = to a suitable person च = and तत् = that दानं = charity सात्त्विकं = in the mode of goodness स्मृतं = is considered. यत् = that which तु = but प्रत्युपकारार्थं = for the sake of getting some return फलं = a result उद्दिश्य = desiring वा = or पुनः = again दीयते = is given च = also परिक्लिष्टं = grudgingly तत् = that दानं = charity राजसं = in the mode of passion स्मृतं = is understood to be. अदेश = at an unpurified place काले = and unpurified time यत् = that which दानं = charity अपात्रेभ्यः = to unworthy persons च = also दीयते = is given असत्कृतं = without respect अवज्ञातं = without proper attention तत् = that तामसं = in the mode of darkness उदाहृतं = is said to be. ॐ = indication of the Supreme तत् = that सत् = eternal इति = thus निर्देशः = indication ब्रह्मणः = of the Supreme त्रिविधः = threefold स्मृतः = is considered ब्राह्मणाः = the brahmanas तेन = with that वेदाः = the Vedic literature च = also यज्ञाः = sacrifice च = also विहिताः = used पुरा = formerly. तस्मात् = therefore ॐ = beginning with om इति = thus उदाहृत्य = indicating यज्ञ = of sacrifice दान = charity तपः = and penance क्रियाः = performances प्रवर्तन्ते = begin विधानोक्तः = according to scriptural regulation सततं = always ब्रह्मवादिनां = of the transcendentalists. तत् = that इति = thus अनभिसन्धाय = without desiring फलं = the fruitive result यज्ञ = of sacrifice तपः = and penance क्रियाः = activities दान = of charity क्रियाः = activities च = also विविधाः = various क्रियन्ते = are done मोक्षकाङ्क्षिभिः = by those who actually desire liberation. सद्भवे = in the sense of the nature of the Supreme साधुभावे = in the sense of the nature of the devotee च = also सत् = the word sat इति = thus एतत् = this प्रयुज्यते = is used प्रशस्ते = in bona fide कर्मणि = activities तथा = also सच्छब्दः = the sound sat पार्थ = O son of Pritha युज्यते = is used यज्ञे = in sacrifice तपसि = in penance दाने = in charity च = also स्थितिः = the situation सत् = the Supreme इति = thus च = and उच्यते = is pronounced कर्म = work च = also एव = certainly तत् = for that अर्थियं = meant सत् = the Supreme इति = thus एव = certainly अभिधीयते = is indicated. अश्रद्धया = without faith हुतं = offered in sacrifice दत्तं = given तपः = penance तप्तं = executed कृतं = performed च = also यत् = that which असत् = false इति = thus उच्यते = is said to be पार्थ = O son of Pritha न = never च = also तत् = that प्रेत्य = after death नो = nor इह = in this life. End of 17.28
अर्जुन उवाच = Arjuna said संन्यासस्य = of renunciation महाबाहो = O mighty-armed one तत्त्वं = the truth इच्छामि = I wish वेदितुं = to understand त्यागस्य = of renunciation च = also हृषीकेश = O master of the senses पृथक् = differently केशिनिशूदन = O killer of the Kesi demon. श्रीभगवानुवाच = the Supreme Personality of Godhead said काम्यानां = with desire कर्मणां = of activities न्यासं = renunciation संन्यासं = the renounced order of life कवयः = the learned विदुः = know सर्व = of all कर्म = activities फल = of results त्यागं = renunciation प्राहुः = call त्यागं = renunciation विचक्षणः = the experienced. त्याज्यं = must be given up दोषवत् = as an evil इति = thus एके = one group कर्म = work प्राहुः = they say मनीषिणः = great thinkers यज्ञ = of sacrifice दान = charity तपः = and penance कर्म = works न = never त्याज्यं = are to be given up इति = thus च = and अपरे = others. निश्चयं = certainty शृणु = hear मे = from Me तत्र = therein त्यागे = in the matter of renunciation भरतसत्तम = O best of the Bharatas त्यागः = renunciation हि = certainly पुरुषव्याघ्र = O tiger among human beings त्रिविधः = of three kinds सम्प्रकीर्तितः = is declared. यज्ञ = of sacrifice दान = charity तपः = and penance कर्म = activity न = never त्याज्यं = to be given up कार्यं = must be done एव = certainly तत् = that यज्ञः = sacrifice दानं = charity तपः = penance च = also एव = certainly पावनानि = purifying मनीषिणां = even for the great souls. एतानि = all these अपि = certainly तु = but कर्माणि = activities सङ्गं = association त्यक्त्वा = renouncing फलानि = results च = also कर्तव्यानि = should be done as duty इति = thus मे = My पार्थ = O son of Pritha निश्चितं = definite मतं = opinion उत्तमं = the best. नियतस्य = prescribed तु = but संन्यासः = renunciation कर्मणः = of activities न = never उपपद्यते = is deserved मोहात् = by illusion तस्य = of them परित्यागः = renunciation तामसः = in the mode of ignorance परिकीर्तितः = is declared. दुःखं = unhappy इति = thus एव = certainly यत् = which कर्म = work काय = for the body क्लेश = trouble भयात् = out of fear त्यजेत् = gives up सः = he कृत्वा = after doing राजसं = in the mode of passion त्यागं = renunciation न = not एव = certainly त्याग = of renunciation फलं = the results लभेत् = gains. कार्यं = it must be done इति = thus एव = indeed यत् = which कर्म = work नियतं = prescribed क्रियते = is performed अर्जुन = O Arjuna सङ्गं = association त्यक्त्वा = giving up फलं = the result च = also एव = certainly सः = that त्यागः = renunciation सात्त्विकः = in the mode of goodness मतः = in My opinion. न = never द्वेष्टि = hates अकुशलं = inauspicious कर्म = work कुशले = in the auspicious न = nor अनुषज्जते = becomes attached त्यागी = the renouncer सत्त्व = in goodness समाविष्टः = absorbed मेधावी = intelligent छिन्न = having cut off संशयः = all doubts. न = never हि = certainly देहभृता = by the embodied शक्यं = is possible त्यक्तुं = to be renounced कर्माणि = activities अशेषतः = altogether यः = anyone who तु = but कर्म = of work फल = of the result त्यागी = the renouncer सः = he त्यागी = the renouncer इति = thus अभिधीयते = is said. अनिष्टं = leading to hell इष्टं = leading to heaven मिश्रं = mixed च = and त्रिविधं = of three kinds कर्मणः = of work फलं = the result भवति = comes अत्यागिनां = for those who are not renounced प्रेत्य = after death न = not तु = but संन्यासीनां = for the renounced order क्वचित् = at any time. पञ्च = five एतानि = these महाबाहो = O mighty-armed one कारणानि = causes निबोध = just understand मे = from Me साङ्ख्ये = in the Vedanta कृतान्ते = in the conclusion प्रोक्तानि = said सिद्धये = for the perfection सर्व = of all कर्मणां = activities. अधिष्ठानं = the place तथा = also कर्ता = the worker करणं = instruments च = and पृथग्विधं = of different kinds विविधः = various च = and पृथक् = separate चेष्टः = the endeavors दैवं = the Supreme च = also एव = certainly अत्र = here पञ्चमं = the fifth. शरीर = by the body वाक् = speech मनोभिः = and mind यत् = which कर्म = work प्रारभते = begins नरः = a person न्याय्यं = right वा = or विपरीतं = the opposite वा = or पञ्च = five एते = all these तस्य = its हेतवः = causes. तत्र = there एवं = thus सति = being कर्तारं = the worker आत्मानं = himself केवलं = only तु = but यः = anyone who पश्यति = sees अकृतबुद्धित्वात् = due to unintelligence न = never सः = he पश्यति = sees दुर्मतिः = foolish. यस्य = one whose न = never अहङ्कृतः = of false ego भावः = nature बुद्धिः = intelligence यस्य = one whose न = never लिप्यते = is attached हत्वा = killing अपि = even सः = he इमान् = this लोकान् = world न = never हन्ति = kills न = never निबध्यते = becomes entangled. ज्ञानं = knowledge ज्ञेयं = the objective of knowledge परिज्ञाता = the knower त्रिविधा = of three kinds कर्म = of work चोदना = the impetus करणं = the senses कर्म = the work कर्ता = the doer इति = thus त्रिविधः = of three kinds कर्म = of work संग्रहः = the accumulation. ज्ञानं = knowledge कर्म = work च = also कर्ता = worker च = also त्रिधा = of three kinds एव = certainly गुणभेदतः = in terms of different modes of material nature प्रोच्यते = are said गुणसंख्याने = in terms of different modes यथावत् = as they are शृणु = hear तानि = all of them अपि = also. सर्वभूतेषु = in all living entities येन = by which एकं = one भावं = situation अव्ययं = imperishable ईक्षते = one sees अविभक्तं = undivided विभक्तेषु = in the numberless divided तत् = that ज्ञानं = knowledge विद्धि = know सात्त्विकं = in the mode of goodness. पृथक्त्वेन = because of division तु = but यत् = which ज्ञानं = knowledge नानाभावान् = multifarious situations पृथग्विधान् = different वेत्ति = knows सर्वेषु = in all भूतेषु = living entities तत् = that ज्ञानं = knowledge विद्धि = must be known राजसं = in terms of passion. यत् = that which तु = but कृत्स्नवत् = as all in all एकस्मिन् = in one कार्ये = work सक्तं = attached अहैतुकं = without cause अतत्त्वार्थवत् = without knowledge of reality अल्पं = very meager च = and तत् = that तामसं = in the mode of darkness उदाहृतं = is said to be. नियतं = regulated सङ्गरहितं = without attachment अरागद्वेषतः = without love or hatred कृतं = done अफलप्रेप्सुना = by one without desire for fruitive result कर्म = action यत् = which तत् = that सात्त्विकं = in the mode of goodness उच्यते = is called. यत् = that which तु = but कामेप्सुना = by one with desires for fruitive results कर्म = work साहङ्कारेण = with ego वा = or पुनः = again क्रियते = is performed बहुलायासं = with great labor तत् = that राजसं = in the mode of passion उदाहृतं = is said to be. अनुबन्धं = of future bondage क्षयं = destruction हिंसां = and distress to others अनपेक्ष्य = without considering the consequences च = also पौरुषं = self-sanctioned मोहात् = by illusion आरभ्यते = is begun कर्म = work यत् = which तत् = that तामसं = in the mode of ignorance उच्यते = is said to be. मुक्तसङ्गः = liberated from all material association अनहंवादि = without false ego धृति = with determination उत्साह = and great enthusiasm समन्वितः = qualified सिद्धि = in perfection असिद्ध्योः = and failure निर्विकारः = without change कर्ता = worker सात्त्विकः = in the mode of goodness उच्यते = is said to be. रागी = very much attached कर्मफल = the fruit of the work प्रेप्सुः = desiring लुब्धः = greedy हिंसात्मकः = always envious अशुचिः = unclean हर्षशोकान्वितः = subject to joy and sorrow कर्ता = such a worker राजसः = in the mode of passion परिकीर्तितः = is declared. अयुक्तः = not referring to the scriptural injunctions प्राकृतः = materialistic स्तब्धः = obstinate शठः = deceitful नैष्कृतिकः = expert in insulting others अलसः = lazy विषादि = morose दीर्घसूत्री = procrastinating च = also कर्ता = worker तामसः = in the mode of ignorance उच्यते = is said to be. बुद्धेः = of intelligence भेदं = the differences धृतेः = of steadiness च = also एव = certainly गुणतः = by the modes of material nature त्रिविधं = of three kinds शृणु = just hear प्रोच्यमानं = as described by Me अशेषेण = in detail पृथक्त्वेन = differently धनञ्जय = O winner of wealth. प्रवृत्तिं = doing च = also निवृत्तिं = not doing च = and कार्य = what ought to be done अकार्ये = and what ought not to be done भय = fear अभये = and fearlessness बन्धं = bondage मोक्षं = liberation च = and या = that which वेत्ति = knows बुद्धिः = understanding सा = that पार्थ = O son of Pritha सात्त्विकी = in the mode of goodness. यया = by which धर्मं = the principles of religion अधर्मं = irreligion च = and कार्यं = what ought to be done च = also अकार्यं = what ought not to be done एव = certainly च = also अयथावत् = imperfectly प्रजानाति = knows बुद्धिः = intelligence सा = that पार्थ = O son of Pritha राजसी = in the mode of passion. अधर्मं = irreligion धर्मं = religion इति = thus या = which मन्यते = thinks तमस = by illusion आवृता = covered सर्वार्थान् = all things विपरीतान् = in the wrong direction च = also बुद्धिः = intelligence सा = that पार्थ = O son of Pritha तामसी = in the mode of ignorance. धृत्या = determination यया = by which धारयते = one sustains मनः = of the mind प्राण = life इन्द्रिय = and senses क्रियाः = the activities योगेन = by yoga practice अव्यभिचारिण्या = without any break धृतिः = determination सा = that पार्थ = O son of Pritha सात्त्विकी = in the mode of goodness. यया = by which तु = but धर्म = religiosity काम = sense gratification अर्थन् = and economic development धृत्य = by determination धारयते = one sustains अर्जुन = O Arjuna प्रसङ्गेन = because of attachment फलाकाङ्क्षी = desiring fruitive results धृतिः = determination सा = that पार्थ = O son of Pritha राजसी = in the mode of passion. यया = by which स्वप्नं = dreaming भयं = fearfulness शोकं = lamentation विषादं = moroseness मदं = illusion एव = certainly च = also न = never विमुञ्चति = one gives up दुर्मेधा = unintelligent धृतिः = determination सा = that पार्थ = O son of Pritha तामसी = in the mode of ignorance. सुखं = happiness तु = but इदानीं = now त्रिविधं = of three kinds शृणु = hear मे = from Me भरतर्षभ = O best amongst the Bharatas अभ्यासात् = by practice रमते = one enjoys यत्र = where दुःख = of distress अन्तं = the end च = also निगच्छति = gains. यत् = which तत् = that अग्रे = in the beginning विषमिव = like poison परिणामे = at the end अमृत = nectar उपमं = compared to तत् = that सुखं = happiness सात्त्विकं = in the mode of goodness प्रोक्तं = is said आत्म = in the self बुद्धि = of intelligence प्रसादजं = born of the satisfaction. विषय = of the objects of the senses इन्द्रिय = and the senses संयोगात् = from the combination यत् = which तत् = that अग्रे = in the beginning अमृतोपमं = just like nectar परिणामे = at the end विषमिव = like poison तत् = that सुखं = happiness राजसं = in the mode of passion स्मृतं = is considered. यत् = that which अग्रे = in the beginning च = also अनुबन्धे = at the end च = also सुखं = happiness मोहनं = illusory आत्मनः = of the self निद्रा = sleep आलस्य = laziness प्रमाद = and illusion उत्थं = produced of तत् = that तामसं = in the mode of ignorance उदाहृतं = is said to be. न = not तत् = that अस्ति = there is पृथिव्यां = on the earth वा = or दिवि = in the higher planetary system देवेषु = amongst the demigods वा = or पुनः = again सत्त्वं = existence प्रकृतिजैः = born of material nature मुक्तं = liberated यत् = that एभिः = from the influence of these स्यात् = is त्रिभिः = three गुणैः = modes of material nature. ब्राह्मण = of the brahmanas क्षत्रिय = the ksatriyas विशां = and the vaisyas शूद्राणां = of the shudras च = and परन्तप = O subduer of the enemies कर्माणि = the activities प्रविभक्तानि = are divided स्वभाव = their own nature प्रभवैः = born of गुणैः = by the modes of material nature. समः = peacefulness दमः = self-control तपः = austerity शौचं = purity क्षान्तिः = tolerance आर्जवं = honesty एव = certainly च = and ज्ञानं = knowledge विज्ञानं = wisdom आस्तिक्यं = religiousness ब्रह्म = of a brahmana कर्म = duty स्वभावजं = born of his own nature. शौर्यं = heroism तेजः = power धृतिः = determination दाक्ष्यं = resourcefulness युद्धे = in battle च = and अपि = also अपलायनं = not fleeing दानं = generosity ईश्वर = of leadership भावः = the nature च = and क्षात्रं = of a ksatriya कर्म = duty स्वभावजं = born of his own nature. कृषि = plowing गो = of cows रक्ष्य = protection वाणिज्यं = trade वैश्य = of a vaisya कर्म = duty स्वभावजं = born of his own nature परिचर्य = service आत्मकं = consisting of कर्म = duty शूद्रस्य = of the shudra अपि = also स्वभावजं = born of his own nature. स्वे स्वे = each his own कर्मणि = work अभिरतः = following संसिद्धिं = perfection लभते = achieves नरः = a man स्वकर्म = in his own duty निरतः = engaged सिद्धिं = perfection यथा = as विन्दति = attains तत् = that शृणु = listen. यतः = from whom प्रवृत्तिः = the emanation भूतानां = of all living entities येन = by whom सर्वं = all इदं = this ततं = is pervaded स्वकर्मणा = by his own duties तं = Him अभ्यर्च्य = by worshiping सिद्धिं = perfection विन्दति = achieves मानवः = a man. श्रेयान् = better स्वधर्मः = one's own occupation विगुणः = imperfectly performed परधर्मात् = than another's occupation स्वनुष्ठितात् = perfectly done स्वभावनियतं = prescribed according to one's nature कर्म = work कुर्वन् = performing न = never आप्नोति = achieves किल्बिशं = sinful reactions. सहजं = born simultaneously कर्म = work कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti सदोषं = with fault अपि = although न = never त्यजेत् = one should give up सर्वारम्भः = all ventures हि = certainly दोषेन = with fault धूमेन = with smoke अग्निः = fire इव = as आवृताः = covered. असक्तबुद्धिः = having unattached intelligence सर्वत्र = everywhere जितात्मा = having control of the mind विगतस्पृहः = without material desires नैष्कर्म्यसिद्धिं = the perfection of nonreaction परमां = supreme संन्यासेन = by the renounced order of life अधिगच्छति = one attains. सिद्धिं = perfection प्राप्तः = achieving यथा = as ब्रह्म = the Supreme तथा = so आप्नोति = one achieves निबोध = try to understand मे = from Me समासेन = summarily एव = certainly कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti निष्ठा = the stage ज्ञानस्य = of knowledge या = which परा = transcendental. बुद्ध्या = with the intelligence विशुद्धया = fully purified युक्तः = engaged धृत्य = by determination आत्मानं = the self नियम्य = regulating च = also शब्दादिन् = such as sound विषयान् = the sense objects त्यक्त्वा = giving up राग = attachment द्वेषौ = and hatred व्युदस्य = laying aside च = also विविक्तसेवी = living in a secluded place लघ्वाशी = eating a small quantity यत = having controlled वाक् = speech काय = body मानसः = and mind ध्यानयोगपरः = absorbed in trance नित्यं = twenty-four hours a day वैराग्यं = detachment समुपाश्रितः = having taken shelter of अहङ्कारं = false ego बलं = false strength दर्पं = false pride कामं = lust क्रोधं = anger परिग्रहं = and acceptance of material things विमुच्य = being delivered from निर्ममः = without a sense of proprietorship शान्तः = peaceful ब्रह्मभूयाय = for self-realization कल्पते = is qualified. ब्रह्मभूतः = being one with the Absolute प्रसन्नात्मा = fully joyful न = never शोचति = laments न = never काङ्क्षति = desires समः = equally disposed सर्वेषु = to all भूतेषु = living entities मद्भक्तिं = My devotional service लभते = gains परां = transcendental. भक्त्या = by pure devotional service मां = Me अभिजानाति = one can know यावान् = as much as yah चास्मि = as I am तत्त्वतः = in truth ततः = thereafter मां = Me तत्त्वतः = in truth ज्ञात्वा = knowing विशते = he enters तदनन्तरं = thereafter. सर्व = all कर्माणि = activities अपि = although सदा = always कुर्वाणः = performing मद्व्यपाश्रयः = under My protection मत्प्रसादात् = by My mercy अवाप्नोति = one achieves शाश्वतं = the eternal पदं = abode अव्ययं = imperishable. चेतसा = by intelligence सर्वकर्माणि = all kinds of activities मयि = unto Me संन्यस्य = giving up मत्परः = under My protection बुद्धियोगं = devotional activities उपाश्रित्य = taking shelter of मच्चित्तः = in consciousness of Me सततं = twenty-four hours a day भव = just become. मत् = of Me चित्तः = being in consciousness सर्व = all दुर्गाणि = impediments मत्प्रसादात् = by My mercy तरिष्यसि = you will overcome अथ = but चेत् = if त्वं = you अहङ्कारात् = by false ego न श्रोस्यसि = do not hear विनङ्क्ष्यसि = you will be lost. यत् = if अहङ्कारं = of false ego आश्रित्य = taking shelter न योत्स्ये = I shall not fight इति = thus मन्यसे = you think मिथ्यैषः = this is all false व्यवसायः = determination ते = your प्रकृतिः = material nature त्वां = you नियोक्ष्यति = will engage. स्वभावजेन = born of your own nature कौन्तेय = O son of Kunti निबद्धः = conditioned स्वेन = by your own कर्मणा = activities कर्तुं = to do न = not इच्छसि = you like यत् = that which मोहात् = by illusion करिष्यसि = you will do अवशः = involuntarily अपि = even तत् = that. ईश्वरः = the Supreme Lord सर्वभूतानां = of all living entities हृद्देशे = in the location of the heart अर्जुन = O Arjuna तिष्ठति = resides भ्रामयन् = causing to travel सर्वभूतानी = all living entities यन्त्र = on a machine आरूढानि = being placed मायया = under the spell of material energy. तं = unto Him एव = certainly शरणम् गच्छ = surrender सर्वभावेन = in all respects भारत = O son of Bharata तत्प्रसादात् = by His grace परां = transcendental शान्तिं = peace स्थानं = the abode प्राप्स्यसि = you will get शाश्वतं = eternal. इति = thus ते = unto you ज्ञानं = knowledge आख्यातं = described गुह्यात् = than confidential गुह्यतरं = still more confidential मया = by Me विमृश्य = deliberating एतत् = on this अशेषेण = fully यथा = as इच्छसि = you like तथा = that कुरु = perform. सर्वगुह्यतमं = the most confidential of all भूयः = again शृणु = just hear मे = from Me परमं = the supreme वचः = instruction इष्टः असि = you are dear मे = to Me दृढं = very इति = thus ततः = therefore वक्ष्यामि = I am speaking ते = for your हितं = benefit. मन्मनाः = thinking of Me भव = just become मद्भक्तः = My devotee मद्याजी = My worshiper मां = unto Me नमस्कुरु = offer your obeisances मां = unto Me एव = certainly एष्यसि = you will come सत्यं = truly ते = to you प्रतिजाने = I promise प्रियः = dear असि = you are मे = to Me. सर्वधर्मान् = all varieties of religion परित्यज्य = abandoning मां = unto Me एकं = only शरणं = for surrender व्रज = go अहं = I त्वां = you सर्व = all पापेभ्यः = from sinful reactions मोक्षयिष्यामि = will deliver मा = do not शुचः = worry. इदं = this ते = by you न = never अतपस्काय = to one who is not austere न = never अभक्ताय = to one who is not a devotee कदाचन = at any time न = never च = also अशुश्रूषवे = to one who is not engaged in devotional service वाच्यं = to be spoken न = never च = also मां = toward Me यः = anyone who अभ्यसूयति = is envious. यः = anyone who इदं = this परमं = most गुह्यं = confidential secret मत् = of Mine भक्तेषु = amongst devotees अभिधास्यति = explains भक्तिं = devotional service मयि = unto Me परां = transcendental कृत्वा = doing मां = unto Me एव = certainly एष्यति = comes असंशयः = without doubt. न = never च = and तस्मात् = than him मनुष्येषु = among men कश्चित् = anyone मे = to Me प्रियकृत्तमः = more dear भविता = will become न = nor च = and मे = to Me तस्मात् = than him अन्यः = another प्रियतरः = dearer भुवि = in this world. अध्येष्यते = will study च = also यः = he who इमं = this धर्म्यं = sacred संवादं = conversation आवयोः = of ours ज्ञान = of knowledge यज्ञेन = by the sacrifice तेन = by him अहं = I इष्टः = worshiped स्यां = shall be इति = thus मे = My मतिः = opinion. श्रद्धावान् = faithful अनसूयः = not envious च = and शृणुयात् = does hear अपि = certainly यः = who नरः = a man सः = he अपि = also मुक्तः = being liberated शुभान् = the auspicious लोकान् = planets प्राप्नुयात् = he attains पुण्यकर्मणां = of the pious. कच्चित् = whether एतत् = this श्रुतं = heard पार्थ = O son of Pritha त्वया = by you एकाग्रेण = with full attention चेतसा = by the mind कच्चित् = whether अज्ञान = of ignorance सम्मोहः = the illusion प्रणष्टः = dispelled ते = of you धनञ्जय = O conqueror of wealth (Arjuna). अर्जुन उवाच = Arjuna said नष्टः = dispelled मोहः = illusion स्मृतिः = memory लब्धा = regained त्वत्प्रसादात् = by Your mercy मया = by me अच्युत = O infallible KRiShNa स्थितः = situated अस्मि = I am गत = removed सन्देहः = all doubts करिष्ये = I shall execute वचनं = order तव = Your. सञ्जय उवाच = Sanjaya said इति = thus अहं = I वासुदेवस्य = of KRiShNa पार्थस्य = and Arjuna च = also महात्मनः = of the great soul संवादं = discussion इमं = this अश्रौषं = have heard अद्भुतं = wonderful रोमहर्षणं = making the hair stand on end. व्यासप्रसादात् = by the mercy of Vyasadeva श्रुतवान् = have heard एतत् = this गुह्यं = confidential अहं = I परं = the supreme योगं = mysticism योगेश्वरात् = from the master of all mysticism कृष्णात् = from KRiShNa साक्षात् = directly कथयतः = speaking स्वयं = personally. राजन् = O King संस्मृत्य = remembering संस्मृत्य = remembering संवादं = message इमं = this अद्भुतं = wonderful केशव = of Lord KRiShNa अर्जुनयोः = and Arjuna पुण्यं = pious हृष्यामि = I am taking pleasure च = also मुहुर्मुहुः = repeatedly. तत् = that च = also संस्मृत्य = remembering संस्मृत्य = remembering रूपं = form अति = greatly अद्भुतं = wonderful हरेः = of Lord KRiShNa विस्मयः = wonder मे = my महान् = great राजन् = O King हृष्यामि = I am enjoying च = also पुनः पुनः = repeatedly. यत्र = where योगेश्वरः = the master of mysticism कृष्णः = Lord KRiShNa यत्र = where पार्थः = the son of Pritha धनुर्धरः = the carrier of the bow and arrow तत्र = there श्रीः = opulence विजयः = victory भूतिः = exceptional power ध्रुवा = certain नीतिः = morality मतिर्मम = my opinion. End of 18.78
% Text title            : bhagavad gItA shabdArtha
% File name             : bgwords.itx
% itxtitle              : bhagavad_gItA shabdArthaH
% engtitle              : Bhagavadgita words and meanings
% Category              : gItA, giitaa, bhagavadgita
% Location              : doc_giitaa
% Sublocation           : giitaa
% Subcategory           : bhagavadgita
% Language              : Sanskrit
% Subject               : philosophy/hinduism/religion
% Indexextra            : (One column(Critical Word index) word by word meaning)
% Latest update         : May 14, 2012
% Send corrections to   : Sanskrit@cheerful.com
% Site access           : https://sanskritdocuments.org

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