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Learning Sanskrit

Sanskrit can be called as a "language of consciousness", may be because it opens the door to India's rich spiritual literature. Sanskrit is not restricted to spirituality & religion, however, but also encompasses a vast literature of many genres; and for us to understand the beauty behind those copious beautiful texts, learning the Sanskrit language is a must.

Sanskrit, which was a primary language of communication in ancient India, lives on in modern India, though not in its full form: it survives in bits and pieces, in one way or another, in the various Indian languages that have descended from it. For natives of India, therefore, it is a matter of recapitulation of a language, which is present in them and merely seeking a proper channel.

Unlike English and other modern European languages, Sanskrit seems somewhat difficult to understand for most Westerners. This is true not only because of its script (devanagari), which is quite foreign to Western & European countries, but also because of its grammatically complex structure and highly inflected forms, which can be more richly inflected even than Greek or Latin, particularly the verbal conjugations.

The links below present an introduction to the Sanskrit language and a little motivation to joyously pursue it to one's own capacity.


Sanskrit dictionary

  • Online Sanskrit Dictionaries
    The online Sanskrit dictionary is intended to build a repository of Sanskrit words/meanings in a simple, easy-to-extend format. We hope you find it useful and also contribute in adding more words to the collection -
  • The complete text of the dictionary is available in -
  • AkhyAntachandrikA is a thesaurus for verbs in Sanskrit compiled on the same line of amarakosha for nouns. It is arranged into semantic classes arranged in a certain order. There are some others like dhAturatnAvalI, dhAturatnapradIpaH or maitreyarakShita although they are focussed on their conjugation in groups. A scanned copy of AkhyAntachandrikA are at link no.1 AkhyAntachandrikA (4shared), link no.2 AkhyAntachandrikA (mediafire)
  • The links to the 5 volumes of Dhaturatnakara (Jain version) By Muni Lavanyavijaya are (in serial order) to One can download them only after registering at the site.


Tutorials & documentation:

  • Sanskrit Tutorial - Charles Wikner -
    • Browsable and Indexed GIF version
    • Postscript version. See .ps in formats and viewers. (File size is about 1.3Mb.
    • PDF1 and PDF2. PDF1(1Mb) is smaller and suitable for both PC and Mac. See .pdf in formats and viewers.
    • Link to sktfont-announce.txt Announcement
    • Link to sktintro-announce.txt Font Annoucement
    • Link to sktdoc.ps600 Another version of postscript (600dpi) document
    • Link to sktreadme.txt Sanskrit ReadMe File
    • Link to sktintro.ps600-letter-march97 Another version of postscript in Letter Size
    • Link to sktintro.ps600-a4paper-march97 Another version of postscript in A4 Size
    • Link to A zipped postscript file

    Read Charles Wikner's reply on the purpose of the document here.

  • Sanskrit Tutorial translated in French by Yann Leglise - Updated April 2014 Sanskrit tutorial in French, PDF (794 Kb), version 2. Please read older notes about this translation. Email: Yann.Leglise at for more information. "English : This second version includes corrections about typo, style, translation, and also includes some missing parts. However, the main change in this version is the use of color in order to make the document easier to read, and a little less stern. French : Cette seconde édition contient des correction orthographiques, de style, de traduction et inclut également quelques parties manquantes. Cependant le changement le plus important réside dans l'utilisation de couleurs afin de rendre le document plus facile à lire et un peu moins austère"

  • Excellent "Introduction to Sanskrit series" at Sringeri Vidya Bharati Foundation (SVBF) : Units 1 through 16. They are recast in a newer site format and are available at Unfortunately some links are broken. All the tutorials from the site are compiled at one place by Ramakrishna Upadrasta at Introduction to Sanskrit by Shri (Dr.) M.R. Dwarakanath.

  • The Learn Sanskrit Series is developed by Mr. Vasudeva Bhat (the link to only site is not working but sanskrit lessons work). There are 45 lessons (Jan 2010) whic h are also translated in Kannada. For Kannadigas, this is an excellent site.

  • skritapriyah - and the Samskrit Education in Chennai, India. Information relating to Sanskrit and set of basic lessons to learn the language through self study. Devanagari Script via browser (without having to install any Fonts) , This site has a useful multilingual editor developed by Indian Institute of Technology Madras, at Chennai, and is available at It may be used in a number of ways to prepare documents in Sanskrit and all the Indian languages. Inline images for the tutorial are generated from special text files prepared using the Multilingual Software. Contact Professor Kalyana Krishnan for additional information.

    Mandar Joglekar has converted these lessons in ASP based files for easy browsing.

  • Learn Sanskrit using Marathi from as one of the major activities of Dnyanadeep foundation, in Sangli, Maharashtra. .

  • Kalidasa Samskrita Kendram in Chennai presents "Teaching Sanskrit Through Web" series of lessons. The center offers diploma courses in Sanskrit. The founder V.C. Govindarajan vcgrajan at has also initiated a Kalidasa group on yahoo where the lessons are first posted and discussed. The Kendram site also holds "Articles on History of Sanskrit Literature." ALso see Sanskrit lessons.

  • Learn Sanskrit online presentation at has grammar contents grouped as * Sounds * Fundamentals * Details * Making Words * References. The site has an online transliteration tool Sanscript to display Sanskrit script in different formats including Roman+diacritics or IAST.

  • Subscribe and read the monthly magazine, sanskR^ita bAlasamvAdaH, edited by Shri Madhav Bade of Kolthare, Dapoli, Dist Ratnagiri, Maharashtra. Some sample issues are given here
    03.12, 04.01, 04.02.

    Find Sanskrit Primer, Bhagvadgita, Vishnusahasranama applications (apps) for Hifi use on iPhone, iTunes, and Android on the The Sanskrit primer app aims to not only provide a teach yourself type guide to basic Sanskrit but also server as a handy pocket reference. The utilities are built by Krishna Varma .

  • Master Sanskrit Easily written and presented by Dr. Narayan Kansara of Ahmedabad. This is an extensive 301 page tutorial and is well formatted for two sided booklet printing. The entire text is in Roman with Diacritics. Its details are summarized in the Preface text file. Get the PDF files as Title, Parts 1, 2, and 3.

  • A step by ste p lessons in Sanskrit are provided by Swamis from Chitrapur Math at Apecifically see Level 1 and Level 2. A registration (free) is needed to access all the lessons. These are excellent tutorials and one must study them as they are presented in lively manner. Many useful files as a compilation from the site are avaialble on

    Sanskrit Lessons by Bhikshuni Heng Hsien in 1972 with Chinese/English translation. The lessons are hosted by The Sage City of Ten Thousand Buddhas at

    There lessons to learn Sanskrit, Pali, and Tibetan at

  • SaMskRutaadhyayanam with Shri S. L. Abhyankar. Many lessons are provided under the title "Learning Sanskrit in distance learning mode" in addition to help on speaking Sanskrit. Shri Abhyankar participates and guides students of Sanskrit literature in the along with Prof. Himanshu Pota. See also

  • Arshavidya center is founded by Swami Dayananda Saraswati conducts various classes related to Bhagvadgita, Vedanta, and Sanskrit. The website at sanskrit101 contains
        Audio classes by Sri Vijay Kapoor
        Sanskrit classes on web by Br. Shankara
        Classification of Alphabets
        Writing of Alphabets
        Sanskrit Handbook
        Common verbal roots with preposition
        Sanskrit Noun Generator
        Sanskrit Verb Generator
        Language Analyzers & Generators
        Sanskrit Sahakarin by Kumud Singhal
        Part1 Vyakarna (new) | Part 2 Katha (new)
        Learn Samskratam
        Part1:1-59 Part2:60-124 | Part3:125-182 | Part4:183-239 | Part5:242-307 | Part6:307-367

  • Spiritual Seeker's Essential Guide to Sanskrit prepared by Dennis Waite dennis.waite at .

  • Dr. Sudhir Kaicker, Director, Computer Centre, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India, has coordinated development of a Sanskrit tutor called SanskritaPradipika for PC-Windows. It is available for download (after free registration) at The file size is over 20 Mb.

  • Gabriel Pradiipaka and Andres Muni have compiled a procedure to Learn Sanskrit Language Step by Step. The FAQ written by Gabriel may be inspiring for new students.

  • aravindAshrame sa.nskR^itam at and go to Ashram/ Departments/ sanskrit is a site for various online display and audio of Sanskrit tutorials, magazine from Sri Aurobindo Ashram, Pondicherry. The publications can be ordered from SABDA, Sri Aurobindo Ashram, Puducherry - 605 002, India. For Ordering Information

  • (murthygss at provides Sabdamanjushaa, dhaatumanjari and email based lesson(s) of a Sanskrit course for beginners.

  • Learn Sanskrit through pictures (from Nepal) using vyAvahArikaM Sanskrit parts 1, 2, 3 from (Also linked from, June 2010.) These books, prepared by Pramodavardhan Kaundinnyayan with guidance from Shivaraj Acharya Kaundinnyayan, have nicely drawn sketches explaining word meanings and sentences in Sanskrit. The series of three books are produced for Svadhyayashala, which is a long running Sanskrit Tradition in Nepal. It provides great classes on Sanskrit, Vedic Way of Life and many more on Vedic Sanatan Dharma. (Communicated by Ujjwol Lamichhane from Nepal.)

  • There is a list of Sanskrit grammar books prepared for a serious student of Sanskrit. The list is available in collection.

  • The Sanskrit-E-books site has presented several downloadable scanned books to learn Sanskrit. Among them, those by Kamalashankar Trivedi appear to be more "intuitive."

  • Vedic Accents:

  • A slide presentation with audio clips on Question Making for Sanskrit learners. (password for read only part is 12345). Prepared by S K Mishra.

  • The Tittirya-Prtikhya and commentary tribhAShyaratna by William Dwight Whitney has an elaborate presentation on svara system, alphabets, use of anusvAra et cetera.
    Other pratishAkhya-s available at Digital Library of India, namely atharva-praatishaakhya, Riktantra Sama Veda, Shukla Yajurveda, Taittiriya, Vajasaneyin.

  • Multimedia format for Learning Sanskrit
    • Learn Sanskrit through self-study at
    • Learn Sanskrit for Beginners (CD-Rom).
    • Bhashika: The Complete Course for Spoken Sanskrit (2 CDs) $12.95 .
    • A self-learning CD SanskritashikShikA produced by Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh. Rs 260 or 12USD+shipping.
    • Correspondence course with Rashtriya SAnskrit Sansthan, New Delhi.
    • Prof. Madhav Deshpande's audio course: that supports learning through his book "Samskrta-Subhodini: A Sanskrit Primer."
    •, Dhananjay Vaidya's guidance for Sanskrit pronunciations.
    • Radio for learning Sanskrit via Hindi at
    • An online portal ( for Sanskrit Learning has been launched by Ideas Software and Consulting Pvt Ltd (Bangalore) in association with Samskrti Foundation (Mysore). The portal, named vyoma-samskrta-pathashala, is intended to provide a collaborative platform for Sanskrit teachers and students. Currently it offers an interactive self-learning course for Beginners in Sanskrit. It also contains a course for school students (studying 10th standard in Karnataka), and a course for Grammar paper of MA exam conducted by Karnataka State Open University (KSOU). Several other courses are targeted at different groups of learners. Please send your suggestions and feedback through email at
    • From the same team at there is now a new venture to have online training course for CBSE X Sanskrit Students. Vyoma Labs is a non-profit organisation that brings together sanskrit and technology. They are probably the only private organisation in India working in the Sanskrit domain. The organisation is funded by a group of sanskrit enthusiasts. The CBSE 10th Standard gives students explanations at length regarding Sanskrit concepts - Reading in Sanskrit, Writing in Sanskrit, Concepts in Sanskrit Grammar, Sanskrit Prose and Sanskrit Poetry. Among other products are Flagship Product:- Samskruta Balamodini, Samskrit Sandhis for beginners, Ashtadhyayi, Shabda-Roopa-Sangrahah, ti~NantapakriyA, Laghu SiddhAnta Kaumdi, MA Sanskrit Courses, Vaiyakarana Siddhanta kaumudi, Praudhamanorama, and Shishugeetaani and more.
    • Online Sanskrit learning lessons and video tutorials for learning Sanskrit grammar are available at with a fee. On demand classes for learning Sanskrit (be it conversation, grammar or literature and philosophy). Classes are conducted online through Skype. Contact Rahul Dolas rahuldolas123 at
    • Listen to the weekly lessons/ discussions based on the excellent works of samskRita-bhAratI (esp: janArdhana heggaDe's bhAShApAka and shuddhi-kaumudI), led by shrI svarUp-dInabandhu. The recently started discussion list is found here: Google group bhaashaapaakavargah. These audio lessons are recorded and then automatically published as a podcast by the system. (Prefers IE browser although works on Firefox selectively. Works on the podcast app on phone).
    • An audio rendering of aShTAdhyAyI, the entire treatise on Sanskrit grammar (8 chapters of sUtras), called aShTaadhyaayii by maharshi paaNini. It is rendered by Achaarya Vinayaka Rajata Bhat, Vidwaan Ramakrishna Bhat K of Bangalore. The same audio clips are enhanved with display of corresponding text and is given in YouTube Au Chemie channel. It is work in progress, and more adhyAyas are being added with careful timing of text with video. (Alternative link 12).
    • In an effort to learn Ashtadhayi by heart, Sitaram Ramakoti, raamakoti [at] prepared a set of PowerPoint presentations, paper flashcards, audio clips et cetera. Eventually he created the Anki Deck for learning Ashtadhyayi. It can be viewed (sample and summary) and downloaded from Anki Deck with Audio for learning Ashtadhyayi from Raama has given some details and tips at samskrita newgroup posting December 5, 2013, along with "AshTAdhyAyi Memorization.xlsx" MS Excel file.
    • Learn Prathamaavrutti siddhi san graha aShTAdhyAyI with audios by Vyakaranacharya, Acharya Vedshrami,a resident priest at Atlanta Vedic temple. The audio files are also posted on YouTube as well as Google Plus without any visual pictures but only the Panini stamp. A few of his students have started preparing text from the audio, and the files are posted on Evernote.
    • Pandit Bramhadatta Jigyaasu ji presents an easier way to understand Ashtadhyayi through audio lectures are anubhuuta saralatama vidhI.




  • Some Simple Sanskrit stories -

  • Sanskrit learning/speaking camp experience notes -

  • Shri Radhikaranjan Das, a Sanskrit Teacher in Sri Aurobindo International Centre of Education, Pondicherry, has written and published two books of short Sanskrit stories, adR^ishyam and kathAH vichitrAH in simple Sanskrit for all the ages. Read a short presentation of these books. Write to the author Shri Radhikaranjan Das, Sri Aurobindo Ashram, Pondicherry, (Tamil Nadu), India 605002 Email : rr.kalidas at or call at +91 7598494335 to place an order.


Conversational Sanskrit (lessons and documents)

Sanskrit Bharati, based in Bangalore, India (Bharat) has been instrumental in promoting conversational Sanskrit on world-wide basis. The program has been circulated through camps, publications, correspondence courses, studies through personal contacts, and by various means suitable to individual's needs. The following books are some of their publications.




  • Bhagavadgita - A verse a day PC/DOS utility by Ajaya Durg.

  • Technology Development for Indian Languages, TDIL, a program launched by Department of Information Technology, Govt. of India in 1991, has developed excellent tools related to word processing and analysis of Indian languages. The tools can be downloaded freely with simple registration from Some of the software include
    Indian Language Keyboard Driver and Fonts
    iLEAP an Intelligent, Internet ready Indian language word processor on Windows
    Desika: Natural Language Understanding System for Sanskrit
    Shabdhabodha:to analyze the semantic and syntactic structure of Sanskrit sentences.
    Geeta Reader
    Apex Language Processor (ALP) is a character mode Wordprocessor
    Akshar (Word processor) for Windows
    Punjabi SpellChecker
    Speech Synthesizer

  • Sivananda Org -
    • Chakras - Animated ShockWave of the Chakras with pronunciations of the Biija aksharas.

  • Ulrich Stiehl's has an>International Phonetic IPA chart of Sanskrit alphabet pronunciations.

  • A research paper The use of Sanskrit, an ancient language, as a tool to evaluate cleft palate speech problems by Kalpesh Gajiwala surprisingly in an Internatinal Journal of Plastic Surgery! "Inherent advantage of this arrangement of Sanskrit alphabets to effectively analyze defective cleft palate speech and provides a tool for surgeons to decide a course of action in their routine clinical practice."

  • Sanskrit Pronunciation Audio Utilities for PC/Dos/Win -
  • Guide to pronunciation of Sanskrit with International phonetic alphabet pronounciation (IPA) prepared by Yves Codet, Toulouse communicated by Sylvain Lavoie, Qubec, Canada. (In French) Also see associated International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration.

  • Sanskrit Pronunciations - BHAKTI Trust on archive org has an executable file for text and audio of all the sanskrit letters a through ha. Audio is clear. Audio is clear. Requires download and install; double click on the speaker icon. Audio is clear. The L^i pronunciation is incorrect. There are separate text and Wave audio clips that can also be used. Uninstaller is available.

  • Vaisnava Online Academy (VOA) is offering an online course "Training in Sanskrit Pronunciation" which will be useful to one and all interested in Sanskrit. Registration for the course will be open throughout the year. The charges are minimal. Please see further details at There are some videos posted on Youtube dealing with Fundamentals of Bhagvadgita, part 2 by Vidvan Gauranga Das. The pronunciation course will be similarly presented through audio/video clips and Online Bhaktivedanta Vedabase at .

  • Sanskrit pronunciation notes from Theosophical society. Good suummary. Should expand to include a note on using nasals of the following letter group for word ending anusvaara.

  • A short article on the Vedic anusvAra.

  • Prof. Adheesh Sathaye has developed various Sanskrit related tools at his site with link from The list includes Devanagari Script writing tutor, phonology chart, sandhI rules, lessons and exercises, a Devanagari Qwerty keyboard utility. The utility uses minimal Alt-Shift-Cntrl strokes to represent Devanagari characters. Works on both Windows and Mac.

  • Tilak Pyle's neatly arranged has several sections related to Sanskrit and Yoga. The Sanskrit pruninciation guide provides basic information such as list of alphabets, names and graphical postures/Asanas, mudras, numbers et cetera.

  • Delhi Sanskrit Academy has an ebook Swayameva_Sanskrit_Shikshanam of conversational Sanskrit.

  • Count integeres in Sanskrit from 1 to jyotiba 10^80000 and asaMkhya (infinity) as presented in the Wiki article History of Large Numbers. Other relevant articles are History of Number on, Roman Numerals, how they work, Very Large Numbers, A new ancient world record number, Index of Ancient Indian mathematics, numbers mentioned in Velmiki Ramayana 6.28.34- 6.28.43 Book VI : Yuddha Kanda - Book Of War Chapter [Sarga] 28, and the book "The Universal History of Numbers: From Prehistory to the Invention of the Computer," by Georges Ifrah (Author), David Bello pages 422-433. The author referes asankhya as incalculable poetically defined as "the sum of all the drops of wain which, in ten thousand years, would fall each day on all the worlds." The book also includes smaller fractions aNu, paramANU etc.

  • Download and install a unique utility, Sanskrit-tools Toolbar for common web browsers, that adds to the collection of links for Sanskrit study. Apart from common utilities such as search engine, time of the day, current temperature and weather, email notifier, it has Sanskrit and Hindi links presented in several categories. The links include Sanskrit news, books, read/write tools, chatting utility, dictionaries, scriptures and literature, scrolling news items from BBC and other Hindi dailies, games, cricket news, stock market analysis and many tools.

  • Himanshu Pota has complied various links for learning Hindi which may be useful for learning Sanskrit as well. See . He also writes a blog for Learning Sanskrit at
  • phalam, naivedyam cha, a blog at, svarasA - An attempt to preserve the essence, has a long list of fruits and flowers in Sanskrit, offerred to deities as naivedyam.
  • Here are some sites and blogs that are not included above and that are meant for learning Sanskrit.

  • Android and iPhone Applications (Apps) for learning Sanskrit. The attempt is to provide free and no tie-up advertisement for Pro or Premier paid applications.
    • Search for Sanskrit on Android applications.
    • Sanskrit Primer, Android App developed by Krishna Varma. "This app aims to not only provide a teach yourself type guide to basic Sanskrit but also serve as a handy pocket reference. " Includes "Complete Dhatupatha (~2000 verbal roots)", "Over 100 simple conversational sentences," "Extensive listing of verb and noun inflection tables and vocabulary ." Krishna has also developed App for Vishnu Sahasranama stotra.
    • ViPra : Vibhakti Pratyaya, Android App developed by "Sameer Kumar Kaushik Mamillapalli . "ViPra is a reference guide to Vibhakti-Pratyayas which are basics of Sanskrit grammar. Vibhakti-Pratyayas deal with different declination of words. ViPra helps you create a table of declination for a selected word. This app uses Devanagari script to render tables." Also, Kaushik has added a new application (Nov. 2015) titled Subanta Sikshika that quizes you on vibhakti pratyas. It is avaialable on Google Play Store. Kaushik is soliciting feedback to improve the App.
    • Sanskrit Samvada Sudha, Sanskrit conversation, Android App developed by Kaizad Avari.
    • Sanskrit Stories, an Android App developed by K. J. Somaiya Bharatiya Sanskriti Peetham under the category Comics. "This app consists of fables in Sanskrit language with their English translation. Recommended for anyone who has started with Sanskrit and wish to increase his command over the language."
    • Sanskrit Subhashitmala, an Android App developed by Andoidzen. It also has Marathi Mhani, Marathi Palindromes (vilomapade), and Maxims (kahAvat, muhAnvare, samethalu, gadegalum ukhan etc) in other languages.
    • Learn Sanskrit Easy, an Android App developed by Thadaladi. "Learn Sanskrit App contains a long list of Sanskrit words, fill in the blanks and multiple choice questions and answers, and enabled with super zoom to read clearly."
    • Sanskrit_deepika, an Android App developed by Dr. Suresh V. Ranade. Dr. Ranade and Mrs. Shubhangi Ranade have pioneered sevral projects through Dnyandeep Foundation. See संस्कृतदीपिका .
    • Ashlesha Apps, a collection of Android Apps for Marathi and Hindi texts. Although claimed to be including Sanskrit text links, it is but a guess where the texts will be coming from when the section is added as it sounds like a repackaged site.
    • English Sanskrit Dictionary, an Android App developed by vdru, Russian author, among many language and astrology related applications. See English Marathi dictionary, and other languages.
    • Geervaani, an Android App developed by Mahalakshmi Prasanna. "Geervani is a simple, handy, reference tool that helps to converse in Sanskrit. It provides a look-up of Sanskrit translations for commonly used sentences. The sentences are organized under categories for easy access. There is a word-search view using which you can find Sanskrit words for commonly used English words." It appears to be Sanskrit Sahasri by Samskrit Bharati booklet.


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