aataa tarii yeshiil kaa?
- Question from the quiz.
Q1. As this is the first song, we would like to start with one picturised on a God. Both the lyricist and the music director have many love songs to their credit but this is a relatively rare case when they have come together in one song.
The hero is actually a man, but God's incarnation. Though Him and the heroine have heard of each other, they have never met. Here, the heroine has caught sight of him and is stealing glances.
nakshiidaar ati ramya ma.nDapii
jamalii saarii thor ma.nDaLii .
A1. ramesh aNaavakar has written many love songs (te nayan bolale kaahitarii) and vasa.nt prabhuu has given music for many romantic numbers too (aalii haasat pahilii raat, navavadhuu priyaa mii). However, they have worked together for very few songs we could find, and this was one of them:
"paahunii raghuna.ndan saavaLaa".
Q2. This song is from the first sa.ngiit naatak to have its music composed by this great music director and singer of late. Not an old play, its first performance was in the 1960s.
The hero of our story is discontented with the unfair distribution of fortunes. An ambitious ascetic, he wishes to perform penances in the Himalayas. However, who knows what the Lord has in mind for him?
himaalayaachaa mii to yaatrik
manaa.nt maajhyaa kaa upajaave sa.nsaaraache prem?
A2. matsyaga.ndhaa was the first sa.ngiit naaTak for which pa.n. jite.ndra abhishhekii worked as music director. Other plays for which he has composed the music are "yayaatii devayaanii", "kaTyaar kaaLajaat ghusalii" and "he ba.ndh reshamaache" and he has himself sung in these too. This one was from "matsyaga.ndhaa":
"devaagharache dnyaat uNaalaa?"
Q3. This is a naaTya giit as well as a chitragiit (from a movie). The singer has popularised many naaTyagiite with his powerful voice. In fact it is he who has sung the previous song.
This song find us in mythological times, with chitralekha and pururaavas who
has just rescued an apsaraa. Having rescued her, he is entranced by her beauty. As he picks her up onto his chariot, at her touch he forgets himself.
dhu.nd shvaasaatalaa praashilaa ga.ndh mii
nayan kaa dehahii miTunii tuu ghetalaa?
A3. From the movie "mumbaiichaa jaavaii", in which raajaa gosavii is acting in a sangiit naaTak depicting the love story of urvashii and pururaavas (Thus a sa.ngiit naaTak within a movie). This song, sung by raamadaas kaamat - who has a lot of bestselling naaTyagiite.n to his credit is:
"pratham tuj paahataa".
Q4. The three creators of this song have produced many beautiful romantic numbers together. These are mostly bhaavagiite and chitragiite. The lyricist is the same as in song #1.
Meanwhile, the heroine has her own secret thoughts of the first meeting, but she recollects there has not been any conversation because of her shyness. Even then she fears that her eyes betrayed her feelings for him when she smiled.
sonyaahun ati molaache
he maajhe gupit maniiche .
A4. suman kalyaaNapuur, ramesh aNaavakar and dashrath pujaarii have many songs together which became very popular. Some are: te nayan bolale kaahiitarii, urmilaa mii nirop tuj detaa, keshavaa maadhavaa.
This one was "nakaLat saare ghaDale".
Q5. This bhaavagiit is from an album by a singer with a very melodious voice, who is the most popular contemporary singer of late. The poet has portrayed a romantic who because of being separated from his beloved seeks solace from nature.
The hero longs to meet his sweetheart again but despite of being unsuccessful, he is in high spirits. He wanders around, careless of where he goes, and hopes his friend - nature will accompany him in his search for her.
vaaTate kadhii chukuun, bheTashiil tuu ajuun
thaa.nbataa punhaa madhuun .
A5. aruN daate has lent his honeyed voice to many poems, of happiness:
jevhaa tichii ni maajhii, bheT tujhii maajhii smarate;
as well as dejection:
akherache yetiil maajhyaa, bhaatukaliichyaa kheLaamadhalii, dhuke daaTalele udaas udaas.
This one was "duur duur chaa.ndaNyaat".
Q6. A most popular laavaNii. The music director is very knowledgeable about the different classes of this style. There are a good number of these in
the movie, which has been dubbed into hindi too.
The heroine can now sense that someone is thinking of her often (and hopes it is the hero). It makes her self conscious and produces obvious symptoms which embarrass her in front of her friends.
uThuun sakaaLii, laii yekhaLii, gele paaNavaThyaavarii
unhaat basale nhaat, a.ngaalaa paani gudagulyaa karii .
A6. "pi.njaraa", directed by V. Shantaram had the songs written by jagdiish khebuDakar, put to music by raam kadam. It has a fair share of laavaNyaa (~6), most of which were sung by ushhaa ma.ngeshakar, but all of them are classics.
We chose the one with the hiccup: "malaa laagalii kuNaachii uchakii?"
Q7. The music director of this song has put to music many abha.ng, some with the same singer as this one. The lyricist also has worked in many films with
the singer who has not only sung but also composed their music.
The hero now sees his sweetheart again and his disappointment turns to ecstasy. His negative perspective of the world around him is reversed. He cannot
believe that he has been so fortunate.
jaaLiit hote maj chaa.ndaNe je
te amR^itache keles tuu .
A7. raam phaaTak is the music director for most of the abha.ng classics sung by pa.n bhiimasen joshii. This song was written by sudhiir moghe, and sung was sudhiir phaDake. They both have other songs together too, for which baabuujii has composed the music: tujhyaa maajhyaa sa.nsaaraalaa, thakale priyaa kadhiichii and the one from which the above lines were taken:
"disaliisa tuu ... phulale R^ituu".
Q8. A duet, both the singers of this song have many more of the same style which have been very popular. The lyrics have been written by the actor on whom the song is picturised. He has also been producer for many of his own movies.
The heroine is in her farm when the hero sees her. He starts singing her
praises. She is worried that someone will see them and asks him to stay
away. He is not bothered and does not want to let go of the chance.
tii: goRyaa gaalaavarii ga maajhaa laalii laagalii disuu
a.nghoLiilaa basale maajha malaach yeii hasuu .
A8. daadaa ko.nDake has made it to the record books for the huge successes his movies have had (the record breaking movie was paa.nDuu havaaladaar). ushhaa ma.ngeshakar and jayava.nt kulakarNii have teamed up for other famous songs written by him too: hil porii hilaa, Dhagaalaa laagalii kaLa.
This song was "maaLyaachyaa maLyaamadhi".
Q9. Again a duet. Here the music director has lent his voice for the male
part. He has composed the music for numerous movies and an epic masterpiece. He is also the singer in song #7.
The love story is coming to a successful end. The feelings they had for each other, restrained within themselves till now, have been expressed. They wish that this moment of togetherness lasts forever.
tujhyaa jiivanii niitichii jaag aalii
maaLaraani yaa priitichii baag jhaalii .
A9. This is sung by sudhiir phaDake and aashaa bhosale. The epic masterpiece is of course "giit raamaayaN", and the song is "dhu.ndii kaLyaa.nnaa".
Q10. This is a female solo (late 50s or early 60s). She has sung naaTyagiite, bhaavgiite as well as chitragiite. The poet subtly describes a successful encounter of two lovers.
Now that they are together, the heroine recollects the evening when they had come
together at this same place. She still dreams of the fragrant flowers of the night and the stars which seemed so close, all which made it so memorable.
shaa.nt dharitrii shaa.nt sarovar
pavan jhuLajhuLe shiital su.ndar .
A10. We had to have a song by maaNik varmaa (daadarkar), and this was an easy choice. Along with numerous bhaavagiite and chitragiite, naatyagiite.n from "maanaapamaan" and "svaya.nvar" in her voice are also legendary.
Written by sudhaa.nshu, this song is "ithech aaNi yaa baa.ndhaavar".
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