The following are some useful procedures, fonts, links, and
Unix and PC (Dos and Win) Software Tools for preparing
- ITRANS Transliteration Schemes -
- If you are planning to encode any Sanskrit document,
this is the file you will need to start with
- print and post it next to your computer to develop
familiarity with the scheme.
- and tips on correct ITRANS transliteration.
- Preferred transliteration scheme -
- Itranslator (Itranslator2003 - latest, Itranslator99, Itranslator98) for PC -
- a great PC Windows 95/98/ME/NT/2000/XP software -
Itranslator is a free utility for PCs developed
by Omkarananda Ashram Himalayas, which converts
ITRANS 5.2 (as well as older versions including
ITRANS 4) Sanskrit text
or text files into Devanagari scipt and roman+diacritics (True Type),
which can then be exported or pasted via the
clipboard to any application. Itranslator produces
results that are fully editable, printable on any
printer, and of publishing quality.
This free software is useful for converting existing texts like
those available on the Documents List pages into
Devanagari and Roman+diacritics, as well as for typing your own texts.
You DO NOT need ITRANS, TeX, LaTeX,
ghostview/ ghostscript, web browsers, MSWord or any
word processor to get this program working.
The Itranslator 99
uses 8-bit true type fonts and is compatible with all versions of Windows.
The newer Itranslator 2003
uses 16-bit Unicode-compatible fonts and is working only on
Windows 2000 / XP / Server 2003.
A detailed 'Technical Manual of Itranslator' developed by Ulrich Stiehl is available, which includes a comparison of Itranslator 99 and 2003.
- ITRANS Software Package and Online utilities -
- ITRANS HomePage -
Avinash Chopde's HomePage
- (The author of ITRANS) - describes the latest
release of ITRANS and has downloads available;
also describes his other Package for
sanskrit processing - for easy entry of Indic
Script text using MS-Windows word-processors.
written by Sandeep Sibal and Arun Kumar Gupta.
A simple but very powerful way of editing Devanaagarii in
a WYSIWIG front-end using a Web browser.
It uses some of the latest internet / world-wide-web
techniques and the specially prepared Xdvng font.
JTrans2 can be used on any browser platform that
Many extensions to capabilities and
additional fonts' support are planned.
For viewing web pages with Xdvng -
PC Fonts |
- Itrans Direct Web Interface -
- Itrans/MAC -
- dishaa HomePage -
is a direct Indian script HTML authoring application.
- PC GhostScript GhostViewer Software -
GhostScript and GSview
- The latest versions of GsView/GhostScript, these are now available
for many platforms.
Test PostScript file
- Use these test PostScript files,
to check the installation of your postscript viewer.
- Adobe PDF reader. Check/uncheck the additional installations (Photoshop album starter, Google tool bar etc) as per your requirements.
- TeX/LaTeX -
- Various useful tools such as SSH Putty, WinSCP WS_FTP LE, Audio/Video processors are available at
Some of the above sites need simple sign-up.
- Information on creation of dynamic fonts is available at http://webservices.nic.in/html/hindiweb.htm. The site explains how to create EOT,PRF, and java scripts so that user will not have to download specific fonts needed to view a text created with specialized fonts.
Various fonts used for Sanskrit text formatting,
display and printing. Please download in the binary mode.
- A method using WinXP to directly type devanAgarI in Unicode is presented
by Mihas Bayaryn (bayaryn at mail.ru). Read
All these files are packaged in the
and the .msi and .dll files are in the
A note by Mihas Bayaryn, a Belarusian-English scholar:
The phonetic keyboardlayout for devanaAgarI was developed
using the program
Keyboard layout Manager
(devanagari inscript layout
requires special character-marks on keyboard).
Unicode format has its own defects
but it is the only solution
(it is really multilingual).
There are some reasons for this.
1) Text in unicode is searcheable. 2) It is easy to format this text
in many fonts (at this moment there about devanagari fonts for unicode,
the best is Sanskrit2003). 3) It is easy to convert this text to other
encodings (for example by Word macros). 4) Unicode text can contain
characters in many languages (for example Belarusian English Sanskrit
and many others at once). There are about 20 different indian encodings
for devanagari (one font - one encoding). These texts are not sercheable,
it is difficult to convert them in other encodings, and they support
only devanagari and roman scripts (not cyrilic for example).
How does one use .dll and .msi files?
.msi file format is executable in WinXP - like all .exe files. And
.dll file in <i386> directory is the library-file of keyboard layout.
To install this keyboard driver one has to:
1. unpack keyboard.zip file in one directory
2. run sanskrit.msi file
3. go to Control Panel > Languages and Regional Settings >
Languages > More > Languages and IME
4. then add Sanskrit as Language and Sanskrit Romanized as IME.
5. all is done.
To type devanagari in text-editor one also must have
installed at least one unicode font
which supports devanagari (Mangal, Arial MS Unicode, Sanskrit 2003,
GIST-Yogesh and others).
Using <Alt-Shift> changes keyboard layout to Sanskrit and type.
- Explore a new Devanagari scripting tool at
written by Stefan Webb. It works with Windows XP and 2000.
The site is equipped with screenshots and manuals.
Also try out other interfaces at
Itrans online interface,
and Itranslator linked above.
A modified transliteration scheme
- for the use of accents
by Charles Wikner.
- Unix Devnag |
- Velthuis fonts/encoding system for download.
There is also a
Mac version of Velthuis
devnag software available, by Himanshu Pota.
- A tool to convert Devanagari to transliterated Sanskrit developed by Rajko Jerama. Use sans.exe, and/or sansdeva.exe or devasans.exe. A short user's manual and correspondence with Rajko Jerama are available. Please report if you experience any problem.
- The granthamandira.org has
conversion utility between between and Harvard - Kyoto, Itrans,
CSX, Unicode HTML, velthuis/.dn, and Raga encoding systems.
The utility software
can be downloaded for offline conversion using local files as
input or as browser.
There are also some MS Word macros that can do the conversion.
Some of the Sanskrit Documents and files may be available
only in 'zipped' format which will require
decompression programs before viewing --