Online Sanskrit Dictionary
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Online Sanskrit Dictionaries and utilities
The following list, and links 1, 2, and 3 indicate evidence of the tremendous development that has taken place in online utilities for Sanskrit learning.
Many of the Sanskrit lexicons prepared by the Institute of Indology
and Tamil Studies, Cologne University,
are presented at http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de.
This is the only place where the original digital files are regularly
updated and help is needed.
There is an active discussion of the current issues
regarding the Cologne Sanskrit Lexicon at the Github repository:
https://github.com/sanskrit-lexicon/. If you wish to join the discussion or
would like to help improve the Sanskrit Lexicon, you may wish to join this
group. For example, Monier Wlliams' dictionary related issues are addressed
at https://github.com/sanskrit-lexicon/MWS/issues or correction issues.
Contact Marcis Gasyoun for additional
details. Marcis has also placed valuable resources related to
Sanskrit study at http://samskrtam.ru
and Ayurveda at http://ayurvedam.ru.
A basic version of the search for just Sanskrit words for English meaning from
Monier Williams is available at Monier Williams Online Sanskrit English Dictionary which allows Sanskrit word input in Kyoto, SLP1, and Itrans transliterations, and output in
Roman Manjushree CSX formats. An advanced search covers Sanskrit and English word searches with maximum of "All" word displays in different formats.
Other digitized editions and scanned images of Sanskrit-English/German dictionaries are available at Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries.
The web page provides Sanskrit lexicons prepared by the Institute of Indology and Tamil Studies, Cologne University.
The advanced M-W site feature gives the declension of the stem, or gives the stem and declension if you
input the inflected stem.
The Monier William's dictionary in HTML text format is prepared by Richard Mahoney.
Jim Funderburk has prepared a video tutorial, "describing installation of local version of Monier-Williams English-Sanskrit Dictionary from Cologne Sanskrit-Lexicon. Also describes installation of Server2go for the Windows OS." See other uploads by him.
- Here is a list of abbreviations and symbols used in Monier Williams Sanskrit English dictionary.
- Word list from Monier William's Sanskrit dictionary, shabda sa.ngraha :
- Ajit Krishnan's Mudgala kosha, a searchable compilation of various dictionaries
including Monier William's and Apte's dictionaries with additional grammar utilities will be an excellent addition to your Sanskrit learning. Explore the site of various scanned books and software including
mobile applications for Sanskrit dictionaries. The Apps are kept at http://www.aupasana.com/stardict, along with installation instructions.
- SanDic - Sanskrit-English Dictionary prepared by Artem Novikov. novikovag at gmail.com. The electronic version is based on three dictionaries:
All files for the dictionary are available at: http://sourceforge.net/projects/sandic/files
- Apte Vaman Shivaram (Revised and enlarged edition of Prin. V. S. Apte's The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary)
- Macdonell (A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout)
- Monier Williams (Sanskrit-English Dictionary).
Dhatu-Patha - Sanskrit-English Dictionary, a Collection of verbal roots with final forms. Compiled by Mandala Pati dasa (Petrovsky Vladislav). mandala.pati at gmail.com.
Devanagari and English search is available through whole data-base.
All files for downloading (esp. "sandic.db") are available at:
The dictionary is based on:
- Dhatu-sangraha of Srila Jiva Gosvami.
- Sri Hari-namamrita-vyakarana of Srila Jiva Gosvami with Samshodhini-Tika of Matsya-avatara dasa.
- Brihaddhatukusumakarah Pt. Harekanta Mishra
- Dhatu-ratnakara of Muni Sri Lavanya Vijaya Suri.
- Rupa-chandrika. Edited by Dr. Brahmananda Tripathi. Published by Chaukhamba Surabharati Prakashan, Varanasi.
Halayudha Kosha is a Sanskrit to Sanskrit dictionary.
Ajit Krishnan has developed a mobile applications using these dictionaries. The Apps are kept at http://www.aupasana.com/stardict, along with installation instructions.
Monier William's and Apte dictionary for Mac OS compiled by Dr. Pankaj Dubey : Download the three Zip files
"Files need to be unzipped and pasted in the Mac OS's Library->Dictionary folder.Dictionary files taken from Ajit Krishnan's website http://www.aupasana.com/software and converted in Mac Os format with Dictunifier 2.1.
The search with Devanagari script is not working; Sanskrit word would need to be searched with Diacritics or IPA convention.
In Mac OS Dictionary App, go to "Preferences" and enable the dictionaries". For any questions, write to Pankaj at dr.pankaj.dubey [at]] gmail dot com .
- Sanskrit Kosha SamucchayaH : A searchable Online Sanskrit Dictionary with drop down word selection. The database
includes word meanings from following dictionaries selectable :
- Sanskrit to English Dictionaries
- A Dictionary in Sanscrit and English : H. H. Wilson (2nd Ed., 1832)
- A Dictionary in Sanscrit and English : Rev. W. Yates (1846)
- A Sanskrit - English Dictionary : Theodore Benfey (1866)
- The Standard Sanskrit-English Dictionary : Lakshman Ramchandra Vaidya (1889)
- A Sanskrit - English Dictionary : Carl Cappeller (1891)
- Sanskrit-English Dictionary : Sir M. Monier Williams (2nd Ed., 1899)
- The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary : Vaman Shivram Apte (2nd Ed., 1912)
- A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary : Arthur Anthony MacDonell (1924)
- Sanskrit to Sanskrit Dictionaries
- (Sabdakalpadrum : Sri Raja Radha Kanta Deva) (3rd Ed., 1967)
- (Vachaspatyam : Sri Taranatha Tarkavachaspati) (1962)
- English to Sanskrit Dictionaries
The utility provides input maps for various transliteration, ITRANS, RTS, SLP1, Kyoto, Velthuis, WX, Indic Unicode.
- Dictionary, English and Sanskrit : Sir M. Monier Williams (1851)
- English - Sanskrit Dictionary : Anundoram Borooah (1877)
- The Student's English-Sanskrit Dictionary : Vaman Shivram Apte (3rd Ed. 1920)
Contact seshavadapalli at yahoo.com and knbrao at yahoo.com for additional information.
- Louis Bontes' PC-based dictionary utility for Monier William's digitized dictionary at Cologne is available at http://members.ams.chello.nl/l.bontes/.
- Michael Bunk's Monier William's utility is at http://dict.uni-leipzig.de/dictd as an alternative to Cologne version.
- The scanned images of entire Monier Williams Sanskrit English dictionary are available at Sripedia MW as a part of Million Books Project. Contact S. Sriram for more details on the Sripedia project and if you would like to volunteer for proofreading other documents. Also read to hearts' content the scanned Sanskrit books at Sanskrit section. Download of large files are required.
- A PDF version of the dictionary scanned at Sripedia MW is made available in two parts of 105MB each.
Dictionaries of South Asia project at University of Chicago plans to include four searchable
Sanskrit Dictionaries. The dictionary by Arthur Anthony Macdonell, A
practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis
throughout is available.
At sanskritvoice.com, Seshu Karthik Tanveer has developed a
widget, and a facebook application for the
dictionary. As on the original site, it allows lookup for a
Sanskrit phrase, or a reverse-lookup of an English word.
- For etymology searches related to Sanskrit (Skt), visit etymonline.com, Wikipedia entry on Etymology with Sanskrit category and links, Nirukta, explanation, etymological interpretation, The Nighantu and the Nirukta, the oldest Indian treatise on etymology, philology and sementics, a list_of_English_words_of_Sanskrit_origin, Word Origins, downlodable Nirukta text at Maharshi University, encoded Nirukta text by Tokunaga available at Gretil,Indo-European etymological dictionary.
- Chetan Pandey has developed a Sanskrit-English dictionary utility at www.sktUtils.com.
It also contains a Transliterator - including Conversion Via Files Upload - Sandhi Engine, Pratyahara Decoder and Metric Analyzer.
- There is an effort in "wikifying" the
dictionaries and consolidating dictionary links at sa.wiktionary.org/wiki/. The
initial collection is taken from Sanskrit Documents site,
the unicode file provided above
"dictionary/glossary file." The links are nicely categorized as :
Sanskrit dictionaries, yoga glossary, Ayurveda dictionary, Grammar (vyAkaraNa),
dictionary, Logic (tarka) dictionaries, self introspection (Atmachintanasya)
related words, Dhatupatha (Panini) dictionary, Sanskrit-French glossary,
Collection of Sanskrit sentences (saralasa.nskR^itavAkya kosha), Sankhyakarika shabdakosha et cetera.
The problem exists with such "collective" efforts :
Who will maintain the quality while "copy-pasting"
the files, books, and (missing) links from difference sources? See for example
Apte Sanskrit to English online searchable Dictionary is based on ``The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary'' of Vaman Shivaram Apte. An improved English to Sanskrit dictionary is available at Cologne.
- Monier Williams dictionary is also available on a CD at sudarshana.org at a nominal cost or advertised as Free at krishna.com.
This is a facsimile edition of
the dictionary. Its tabbed interface allows access to multiple pages.
The dictionary is searchable, using Harvard-Kyoto encoding.
The dictionary CD is published as freeware by the Bhaktivedanta Book
Trust. The Trust offers it from their site, Krishna.com, for $2.95 (to
cover the cost of handling). A new set of fonts to enable the dictionary's search feature to work
under Windows Vista is available (at no cost) here:
A Dictionary of Sanskrit Grammar by Kashinath Vasudev Abhyankar and J. M. Shukla, 1986 edition. (on ScribD).
- Dr. Kalyanraman's
Lexicon of Indian Languages (Indo-European and Dravidian)
Signoret's French-Sanskrit dictionary. File to be downloaded:
- Shrikant Jamadagni's compilation English-Sanskrit Dictionary for computer software/hardware related terminologies with meaning, context, and sentence structure.
Huet's Sanskrit-French heritage dictionary with on-line grammar.
Devanagari and roman script. Read an annouuncement by Gerard for a summary.
- INDDICT A Sanskrit English dictionary, available at http://www.sanskritreader.de/ . with features "User can look up Sanskrit words (in diacritical form) or meanings.
Entries can be edited.
Update function to publish edited/new words and meanings.
Full access to the database.
Statistical details about the distribution of words in a (limited) text corpus."
- Klaus Glashoff has initiated a new online hypertext dictionary at
that allows user input in style of Wikipedia entries. Many phrases for conversational use are included.
One can navigate from one word to the other by clicking on it.
The display is in Unicode Devanagari as well as in transliteration format.
- Yashwant Malaiya's
search interface for some of these dictionaries.
- A scanned Sanskrit German dictionary 1888 by Delbruck (PDF 30+Mb)
and its OCR copy (MSWord 8+Mb)) is available at
- Amarakosha or nAmali.ngAnushAsanaM, a Sanskrit thesaurus is available here. If you want to participate creating a dictionary from the text, please write to us.
- For an archive of Sanskrit dictionaries, readers and grammars in German,
English and Russian join the newsgroup http://groups.google.com/group/Nagari (circa 4000 Mb Book Scans, devanagari fonts)
Also, download free devanagari fonts and transliteration convert macros, OCR,
http://nagari.southindia.ru (history and hi-res scans of Indian typography)
DCS Digital Corpus of Sanskrit at http://kjc-fs-cluster.kjc.uni-heidelberg.de/dcs/ at University of Heidelberg, with help details is a searchable collection of lemmatized Sanskrit texts.
- A Sanskrit Dictionary of Spirituality, Scholar's Terms prepared by Octavian Sarbatoare.
- Sanskrit-Pashto dictionary .
- A list of Sanskrit dictionary related links is compiled at multilingualbooks.com.
- A Sanskrit English dictionary by Lakshman Ramchandra Vaidya (885 pages) is available among google PDF books.
- Dnyanadeep Education and Research Foundation's Sanskritdepika at http://www.sanskritdeepika.org has a catalog/glossary of English-Sanskrit-Marathi words with coordinated meanings. It also has extensive tools and information to learn Sanskrit.
Dictionares in Hindi/Marathi/Gujarati and other Indian languages
- Wikipedia Hindi Glossaries cover many words in different categories.
- Governemnt of India and State Governments have published multivolume dictionaries with equivalent words for civil services. Please send any additional information about this collection.
English-Hindi dictionary by Acharya Raghuveera is among the project
"The Great English-Indian dictionary" in 1950s. They contain Sanskrit words for technical and scientific vocabulary for several disciplines.
- Other related dictionaries (Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati etc) are available at
shabdanjali at shabdakosh.com and
Hindi section. For details on these dictionaries (copyright, availability, updates, contacts, permission to use etc), please see the Hindi Dictionary Readme file.
- The BharatiyaBhasha multilingual dictionary consisting of nearly 5000 common words in 14 different languages is available for download. There are quite a few tools developed at Technology Development for Indian Languages.
- Shabdika shabdakosha, English-Hindi dictionary at TDIL, Technology Development for Indian Languages along with other language software tools.
- A "Hindi Vishva Kosh," a Hindi pictorial encyclopaedia is in planning at http://tdil.mit.gov.in/ongoing_proj.html. It is sponsored by Government of India. Contact TDIL for more information.
- marathibhasha.com hosts several glossaries/dictionaries in Marathi/Hindi for English words as a glossary of technical terms (pAribhAShika shabdArtha sUchI) in several scientitfic and office categories. Must see the categories to get the details. A search engine with entries in English or Marathi/Hindi Devanagari is provided. It is a free tool available without any restricttions. This is part of collection of marathiwebsites.com/.
- Archive.org has various Hindi dictionaries available for download. Search iwht words Hindi kosha Hindustani Hindoostanee et cetera.
- Resource Center For Indian Language Technology Solution (CCFILT, IIT Mumbai) has a unique online Hindi and Marathi shAbdabandha, a searchable
Hindi and Marathi - English dictionary, in fact more than a conventional dictionary. "It gives different relations between synsets or synonym sets which represent unique concepts."
- The Aryabhusan school Marathi-English online dictionary, digitized at University of Chicago online collection, originally (1911) written by Shridhar Ganesh Vaze.
- Another Marathi English Dictionary, available online at University of Chicago web site is Molesworth's digitized Marathi-English dictionary.
- A webinterface to Hindi and Marathi dictionaries is available. There are other utilities developed as a part of Resource Center for Indian Language Technology Solutions at Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay (Mumbai).
The searchable utilities include tutorials, wordnet group, most frequent words in Indian languages, Devanagari keyboard, Marathi and Hindi Corpora (try the word kushala) et cetera.
The site is reviewed at Desh Dunia blogspot in Hindi.
- The shabdkosh.com has on-screen inscript and romanized keyboard utility to enter Hindi text for a simple English-Hindi dictionary. The Hindi words and translations are clickable and display synonyms.
- The http://en.bab.la/dictionary/english-hindi/ has an Hindi-English/English-Hindi
dictionary which includes context sentences, idioms and useful
phrases for learning Hindi. There are language quizzes and games available
for learning hindi as a fun way to practice and improve vocabulary.
Report on the Cologne Digital Sanskrit Lexicon Project
- Digital Dictionaries of South Asia
of University of Chicago has links and searchable contents of
following languages: Baluchi, Khowar, Persian, Torwali, Bengali, Mar
athi, Rajasthani, Urdu, Nepali, Sanskrit, Comparative, Hindi, Pali,
Tamil, Kashmiri, Pashto, Telugu et cetera. Many more are forthcoming.
These dictionaries are entered by contractors and the work
to create searchable database is ongoing. The project is funded by
the "International Research and Studies Program within the Office of
International Education and Graduate Programs at the US Department
of Education. The online versions of the four Sanskrit dictionaries
were created for the DDSA as a project of the former Dharam Hinduja
Indic Research Center of Columbia University under the generous
sponsorship of the Hinduja Foundation. "
- Gujarati Lexicon at http://www.gujaratilexicon.com/ has excellent contents and interface for the Gujarati/Gujarati/English dictionary.
- Urdu-Devanagari transliterated word list.
- Bharatabhasha_Common dictionary of 14 Indian languages, a zipped Excel spreadsheet.
- Zdenek Broz dicts(at)centrum.cz
of http://www.dicts.info has developed a data base information/dictionaries
for various world wide languages.
The project includes following Indian languages :
The interfaces are organized in interconnecting manner with many world
languages. Explore the categories :
Examples of use,
Mobile phones and PDAs applications,
Offline Dictionary applications,
- The site http://khandbahale.com
by Sunil Khandbahale has a set of
dictionaries for various Indian languages, specifically English to Hindi,
Marathi, Gujarati, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malyalam, Punjabi, Bengali,
and Sanskrit, and reversed format. In addition to online searching,
it has plugins for online webrowser searches (e.g if you are reading a
newspaper or so and want to find a meaning of the word), applications
for mobiles/handhelds, and smart phones. As a commercial tilt to the project,
the downlodable files for dictionaries with Basic, Advance, and Advance
with audio options are available at price.
See the sitemap.
- Tamilcube.com has a multilingual dictionaries in various languages. Among them is the search utility for English-Sanskrit and Sanskrit-English vocabulary words and translations. This is a comprehensive link websites for different resources such as Dictionaries, Translators, Exams/Aptitude tests, Ebooks, Astrology et cetera.
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